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Portuguese Africa and the Great War
Ana Paula Pires

’s international role as a great colonial power, recognised by France and Great Britain. This chapter will analyse one central aspect of the Portuguese world, namely the humanitarian mobilisation in and for Africa between 1914 and 1918, focusing on Angola and Mozambique, two Portuguese colonies that were directly affected by military operations. It will reveal the impact both of industrialised killing and of humanitarian altruism at the start of the twentieth century, and disclose the efforts made by individuals and

in Humanitarianism and the Greater War, 1914–24
Critical mass, collective effervescence, social networks and social space
Nick Crossley

4 Theorising micro-mobilisation: critical mass, collective effervescence, social networks and social space In the previous chapter I suggested that whatever strains, inspirations, opportunities and personalities may have played a role in punk’s emergence, a full explanation must focus upon its micro-mobilisation context. In this chapter I take a first step towards doing this by outlining a theory of micro-mobilisation which, I will argue in the next chapter, explains the emergence of punk in London between late 1975 and the end of 1976. My argument is that

in Networks of sound, style and subversion
Laura Jeffery

2 Mobilisation in exile In the previous chapter, I described how the Chagos islands and the Chagos ­islanders were already marginal within colonial Mauritius, and showed that the socio-economic, political, and ethnic tensions in mainland Mauritius in the 1960s and 1970s negatively affected the Chagos islanders’ experiences of relocation. In this chapter I show how Chagossians have responded to their chronic marginalisation and impoverishment in exile through mobilisation in the form of struggles led first by Chagossian women in Mauritius and later by Chagossian

in Chagos islanders in Mauritius and the UK
Jenny Pickerill

4 Mobilisation, solidarity and network cohesion The fundamental way that we are going to carry on campaigning is by engaging people on the street and talking to people and putting our message over through local media. The internet just adds another medium through which we can get our campaigning message across. (Chris Crean, West Midlands RCC, FoE) Mobilising participation is a crucial function of many environmental groups. They aim to mobilise those already within the movement (those already integrated) to join in with the specific environmental activism of

in Cyberprotest
Philip Ollerenshaw

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 07/29/2013, SPi 2 Problems of economic mobilisation, 1939–41 Administration and geography In the Second World War, both the administrative machinery and the military technology were far more complex than they had been in the First. In the later stages of the First World War the Ministry of Munitions was responsible for armaments production, whereas in the Second four ministers and ministries were involved. The technology armaments had evolved to such an extent that there was far more emphasis on precision engineering in the Second

in Northern Ireland in the Second World War
Sarah Glynn

Glynn 08_Tonra 01 19/06/2014 12:55 Page 175 8 Mobilisation through Islam We have become so used to hearing about British Muslim identity and British Muslim politics that it can be difficult to remember that up until the end of the 1980s relatively few people thought in those terms. Of course the growing Muslim populations had generated growing numbers of mosques, but identity was largely associated with a person’s place of origin and ethnic minority politics was increasingly being played out through ethnic groups as well as through mainstream political parties

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
Nick Crossley

5 Micro-mobilisation and the network structure of the London punk world This chapter has two aims. First, to demonstrate how the theory of micro-mobilisation outlined in Chapter 4 applies to and explains the emergence of punk in London during 1976. Second, preparing for what follows in Chapter 6, to offer a preliminary analysis of the social network which underpinned the London punk world. The theory of micro-mobilisation begins with the claim that the collective action generative of a music world requires a critical mass of suitably motivated and resourced

in Networks of sound, style and subversion
Scott Soo

6 Mobilisation, commemoration and return, 1944–55 In the département of the Lot stands a tree with an inscription carved into its trunk: ‘MAQUIS DE LA RÉSISTANCE DE LIBERTÉ’. This nonofficial monument was created by Spanish refugee maquisards from the ‘Liberté’ group as they passed through the area following the battle of Larnagol.1 Further west, in Bordeaux, another trace can be found in the form of a plaque that was unveiled in the post-Liberation period in memory of Pablo Sanchez, ‘shot by German troops on 27 August 1944’. These memorials – one rural, the

in The routes to exile
A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat
Elba Rahmouni
, and
Léon Salumu

dispense HIV drugs. It also allowed us to test some simplified care strategies without having to get validation by national authorities. Social Mobilisation Elba Rahmouni: The project’s success was predicated on significant behaviour changes on the part of the population. What did you do to bring about those changes, and with what successes and failures? Pierre Mendiharat: The relationship between caregivers and the cared-for is always

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Technologies of Surveillance, Knowledge and Power in Paramount Budget Documents, 1927–58
William Thomas McClain

Film production at Paramount Pictures during the so-called classical era required the mobilisation of massive material and human capital that depended on institutional systems of surveillance, knowledge creation and control ranging from departmental affiliations to the pre-printed budget forms. This article focuses on those pre-printed budget forms as technologies of knowledge and power, revealing that the necessities of creating and managing coalitions of expert labourers created alternative power centres and spaces where being the object of surveillance was itself a source of power. It concludes by discussing the implications of this ecology for the historiography of Hollywood.

Film Studies