Women, internal colonization and indigenous peoples
it is essential that a research programme be instituted immediately to
ensure that our own citizens of Indian origin achieve equality of
opportunity with the utmost speed.’ 6
Directly related to the push to assimilate and modernize
indigenous peoples was Canada’s new identity as a leading nation
in international affairs. This identity was to be fostered by domestic
good example and harmony. In the
This essay discusses the ways in which different models of historical and social development, and especially of the relationship of the Gothic past to the present, might be seen to structure – and help us now to interpret – eighteenth-century Gothic fiction. It begins with an account of the representation of ‘Gothick days’ in James Beattie‘s poem The Minstrel (1771–4), and then gives an overview of how‘ Scottish’ conjectural histories attributed a pivotal modernizing role to feudalism and chivalry, in some cases defining an exceptional Gothic legacy with particular reference to the agency and influence of women. The essay concludes by suggesting that critical attention to different accounts of social development, and contemporary ‘histories of women’, might help to provide a better literary-historical map of eighteenth-century Gothic fiction, and a richer sense of the cultural and political work that that fiction may have performed.
the scale of the ecological crisis, we are all now designers rather than modernisers. Across a
wide arc of operational discourse, empathetic design attitudes reflecting such feminine
sentiments as ‘attachment, precaution, entanglement, dependence and care’ have all
but replaced earlier, more masculine Promethean commitments to ‘emancipation, detachment,
modernization, progress and mastery’ ( Latour,
2008 : 2). In place of political change, Latour asserts the primacy of a conservative
design-based ontopolitics. That is, the need to
, S. and Vandeginste , S. (eds), L’Afrique des Grands Lacs, Annuaire 2010–2011 ( Paris :
L’Harmattan ), pp. 303 – 18 .
Ingelaere , B. ( 2011b ), ‘The ruler’s drum and the people’s shout: Accountability and representation on Rwanda’s hills’ , in Straus , S. and Waldorf , L. (eds), Remaking Rwanda: State Building and Human Rights after Mass Violence ( Madison : University of Wisconsin Press ), pp. 67 – 78 .
Ingelaere , B. ( 2012 ), ‘From Model to Practice: Researching and Representing Rwanda’s “Modernized” Gacaca Courts’ , Critique of
, doi: 10.1080/17502977.2019.1610992 .
Moghadam , V.
M. ( 2003 ),
Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle
East , 2nd edn ( Boulder,
CO : Lynne Rienner
Mohanty , C.
T. ( 1988 ),
‘ Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods
during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Ruba al Akash
, opportunities for Syrian women
to work (outside the home) have grown and shrunk repeatedly over the last decades
( Rabo, 1996 , 2008 ; Lei Sparre,
2008 ; Alsaba and Kapilashrami,
2016 ). ‘State feminism’ ( Rabo, 1996 : 157) was an ideological tenet of the
Ba’th Party’s attempt at overcoming social and ethnic differences in
the new Syrian nation from the 1960s. Women’s role as ‘symbols of the
nation’s development and modernization’ ( Lei Sparre, 2008
This book examines the place of Hong Kong in the British imagination between the end of World War II and the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in July 1997. It argues that Hong Kong has received far less attention from British imperial and cultural historians than its importance would warrant. It argues that Hong Kong was a site within which competing yet complementary visions of Britishness could be imagined—for example, the British penchant for trade and good government, and their role as agents of modernization. At the centre of these articulations of Britishness was the idea of Hong Kong as a “barren rock” that British administration had transformed into one of the world’s great cities—and the danger of its destruction by the impending “handover” to communist China in 1997. The book moves freely between the activities of Britons in Hong Kong and portrayals of Hong Kong within domestic British discourse. It uses such printed primary sources as newspapers, memoirs, novels, political pamphlets, and academic texts, and archival material located in the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, the United States, and Australia, including government documents, regimental collections, and personal papers.
Madrid on the move is a full-length monograph on illustrated print culture and
the urban experience in nineteenth-century Spain. It provides a fresh account of
modernity by looking beyond its canonical texts, artworks, and locations and
exploring what being modern meant to people in their daily lives. The nineteenth
century marked a crucial moment for cities across the West. Urbanisation,
technological innovations, and the development of a mass culture yielded new
forms of spectatorship and experiencing city life. Madrid underwent these
processes just as many other European capitals did, and, as a result, the
effects of urban and social change were at the heart of the growing number of
circulating images and texts. Rather than shifting the loci of modernity from
Paris or London to Madrid, this book decentres the concept and explains the
modern experience as part of a more fluid, wider phenomenon. Meanings of the
modern were not only dictated by linguistic authorities and urban technocrats;
they were discussed, lived, and constructed on a daily basis. Cultural actors
and audiences continuously redefined what being modern entailed and explored the
links between the local and the global, two concepts and contexts that were
being conceived and perceived as inseparable. Across images and printed media –
from illustrated magazines, caricatures, and postcards to journalistic writing,
guidebooks, and maps – what surfaced was an acute awareness of the demands of
modernisation and a feeling of forming part of (whether half-heartedly or with
conviction) an increasingly entangled world.
This book considers the underlying causes of the end of social democracy's golden age. It argues that the cross-national trend in social democratic parties since the 1970s has been towards an accommodation with neo-liberalism and a corresponding dilution of traditional social democratic commitments. The book looks at the impact of the change in economic conditions on social democracy in general, before examining the specific cases of Germany, Sweden and Australia. It examines the ideological crisis that engulfed social democracy. The book also looks at the post-1970 development of social policy, its fiscal implications and economic consequences in three European countries. It considers the evolution of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from its re-emergence as a significant political force during the 1970s until the present day under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. The book also examines the evolution of the Swedish model in conjunction with social democratic reformism and the party's relations to the union movement. It explores the latest debate about what the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) stands for. The SPD became the role model for programmatic modernisation for the European centre-left. The book considers how British socialist and social democratic thought from the late nineteenth century to the present has treated the objective of helping people to fulfil their potential, talents and ambitions. It aims to contribute to a broader conversation about the future of social democracy by considering ways in which the political thought of 'third way' social democracy might be radicalised for the twenty-first century.
This book examines the debates and processes that have shaped the modernisation of Ireland since the beginning of the twentieth century. There are compelling justifications for methodological nationalism using research and analysis focused on the jurisdiction of a nation-state. The nation-state remains a necessary unit of analysis not least because it is a unit of taxation and representation, a legal and political jurisdiction, a site of bounded loyalties and of identity politics. The book argues that nationalism in twenty-first-century Ireland is even more powerful and socially embedded than it was in de Valera's Ireland. It considers what kind of Ireland Pearse wanted to bring about. Pearse proposed a model that was very different from the already dominant Catholic model that did much to incubate modern Ireland. Beyond this, Catholicism offered a distinct response to modernity aimed at competing with the two main secular ideologies: liberalism and socialism. Women have been marginalised in most of the debates that shaped Ireland even where they were directly affected by them. One of the most picked-over episodes in twentieth-century Irish history has been the conflict surrounding the Mother and Child Scheme. The book examines this conflict as a starting point of an analysis of the place of women in post-independence Ireland. It further addresses the rise and fall of the Celtic Tiger, the name given to a period of rapid economic growth that was likened to the performance of East Asian 'tiger' economies.