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Timothy Edmunds

After an initially slow start, international security assistance programmes to Serbia-Montenegro have multiplied in their number, scope and ambition since 2000. However, the breadth and depth of their influence has been more limited than in Croatia. While they have helped to influence the normative and technical criteria against which security sector

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
Timothy Edmunds

Serbia-Montenegro confronted a formidable series of political level security sector reform challenges in October 2000. The Army, 1 police and intelligence agencies of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRJ) had been deeply politicised under the old regime, while many of their most senior personnel were implicated in war crimes, corruption or organised

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
Timothy Edmunds

The SFRJ and Milošević periods left a number of extremely negative organisational legacies in the Army, police and intelligence agencies in Serbia-Montenegro. These included the maintenance of large, outdated and heavily militarised force structures and human resource management systems; a prioritisation of regime security and sectional institutional

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
James W. Peterson

Yugoslavia turned in a highly centralist direction that also included Montenegro for some years. There was a real fragility or “shatter-belt” effect in terms of “attributed” cultural characteristics. Christian Orthodoxy, Islam, and Roman Catholicism all emerged as strong ideological forces that were in conflict through their political leaders. This was especially true during the Balkan wars of the

in Defending Eastern Europe

This text focuses on the far right in the Balkan region, i.e., in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Romania. The ideological features, strategy and tactics, internal organization, leadership and collaboration in far right parties are treated under the label "internal supply-side". The "external supply side", then, includes the analysis of political, social, economic, ethno-cultural and international variables. The final chapters deal with voters for the far right, legislative implementation and far right organizations. The analysis of the far right parties in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Romania shows the main factors important for the success of these parties in these countries are: charismatic leadership and strong party organization, the position and strategy of the mainstream parties, the state-building process, a strong national minority or diaspora abroad, electoral design and an international configuration.

Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro
Author: Timothy Edmunds

This book is about the relationship between societies and their instruments of coercion at times of great political and societal change. It traces the scholarly and policy origins of the security sector reform concept, locating its recent rise to prominence in earlier debates about development, security and civil-military relations. The book takes a comparative approach to the concept and policy of security sector reform in transforming societies. It examines the security sector reform experiences of two paired case studies, Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro, through a systematic analytical framework. The book then analyses security sector reform at the political level, the organisational level and the international level in each country. It discusses the political legacy and the organisational legacy of the 1990s in each country. The book analyses the various strategies that international actors have used to try and encourage security sector reform in the two countries, including the provision of reform assistance programmes, and the application of pre- and direct conditionality. It traces how the reform process has impacted on issues of role, force structure, expertise and responsibility in the security sector itself. Finally, the book draws out a series of more generic conclusions regarding the security sector reform concept as a whole and its relationship to wider processes of political and societal transformation.

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Security sector reform in comparative context
Timothy Edmunds

This book has used the examples of Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro to examine the theory and practice of security sector reform in transforming societies, and its wider relationship with normative international policy. The experiences of these two states demonstrate both the utility and relevance of the security sector reform concept as well as some of the major problems

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
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Security sector reform in transforming societies
Timothy Edmunds

This book is about the relationship between societies and their instruments of coercion at times of great political and societal change. Specifically, it uses the experiences of Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro 1 to examine the control, management and reform of armed forces, police and intelligence agencies in the aftermath of conflict and authoritarianism. Referred to in this book as the

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

-establish contact with their relatives in Montenegro, contact that had been almost entirely lost by the closure of the border in 1948. In the course of my research on the coexistence of ethnically and religiously diverse populations in the Shkodra region (see Figure 4.1), where I collected life stories and family histories, I encountered several cases of family (re-)connection, including the reconstruction of genealogies. Having framed my research as a regional comparison (Gingrich and Fox 2002), I was drawn into this ongoing ‘genealogical cross-border movement’ and became both a

in Migrating borders and moving times
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The retreat of the Serbian army and civilians in 1915–16
Danilo Šarenac

Entente ships. In 1916, the Serbian army regrouped and reassembled on the  Salonika front. Meanwhile refugees had been dispersed all over Europe and northern Africa. River Danu be Kraljevo BULGARIA Niš S E R B I A Novi Pazar Sofia MONTENEGRO Peć Podgorica KOSOVO Prizren ADRIATIC SEA Skopje Shkoder (Scutari) Durres (Durazzo) Bari MACEDONIA San Giovanni di Medua (Shëngjin) Tirana Elbasan I T A LY Ochrid Salonika ALBANIA Brindisi Valona GREECE To Sardinia 0 Corfu Map 11.1  Serbia during the First World War. v 237 v 100 km Danilo Šarenac The

in Europe on the move