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Allyn Fives

3 Moral dilemmas In Part I of this book, I argued that paternalism is inadequate as a general account of parental power. And as both the caretaker thesis and the liberation thesis equate parental power with paternalism, their adequacy as theories of parental power is questionable for that reason. However, of greater significance for our present purposes is the fact that, according to each thesis, when we evaluate parental power, we will not be faced with irresolvable moral conflicts. There are two aspects to this argument, and they are the focus of this chapter

in Evaluating parental power
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Divorce, birth control and abortion
Caitríona Beaumont

3 Moral dilemmas: divorce, birth control and abortion S ignificant changes in public attitudes towards divorce, birth control and abortion occurred during the inter-war period. Legislation was introduced which extended the grounds for divorce and for the first time information on birth control was made available to married mothers at local authority clinics, albeit on strict medical grounds. Concerns about the rise in the maternal mortality rate highlighted the prevalence, as well as the dangers, of illegal abortion. This led to a number of women’s groups

in Housewives and citizens
Abstract only
Jonathan Glover

3 On moral nose Jonathan Glover John Harris on olfactory moral philosophy In several of his writings, including his On Cloning, John Harris argues against basing policies on what George Orwell called ‘moral nose’. He says that Orwell used this phrase ‘as if one could simply sniff a situation and detect wickedness’.1 He gives examples of this approach in debate on bioethical issues. One is Mary Warnock’s claim that the existence of morality requires ‘some barriers which should not be passed’ and her thought that often these barriers are marked by ‘a sense of

in From reason to practice in bioethics
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Social liberalism and traditionalism
Richard Hayton

6 A new moral agenda? Social liberalism and traditionalism Just as I felt that the party was beginning to relax over the European issue it decided to have an explosive internal row about something else. ( John Redwood MP, 2004: 143) Introduction A widely accepted and often repeated belief amongst both Conservatives and many of their critics, is that on the issue of the economy the Conservatives have been victorious in the ‘battle of ideas’. The case for the free market over statist socialist planning was comprehensively demonstrated, they argue, by the failure

in Reconstructing conservatism?
Andrea Mariuzzo

 3 0 2 Religious and moral values The image of Communism in Catholic doctrine In a country where the word ‘cristiano’ (Christian) has often been used as a synonym for ‘human being’ as opposed to ‘bestia’ (animal), Catholicism’s depiction of the Communists as ‘atei’ and ‘senza Dio’ (atheists and godless) helped to sharpen the contrast between ideological positions that extended beyond the sphere of formal politics. However, both historians and the contemporary observers of the battle between Catholicism and Communism have too often simply stated that Catholic

in Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War Italy
Women and youth across a century of censure
David W. Gutzke

11 Folk devils and moral panics: women and youth across a century of censure F irst enunciated in 1972 as an explanation for specific types of public responses to fears or alarms, sociologist Stanley Cohen’s concept of a ‘moral panic’ has attracted considerable attention from scholars.1 Curiously, despite this impressive literature, many historians have embraced the concept without explaining clearly what they thought constituted a moral panic, especially in analyses of the First World War. Since publication of his book, Cohen’s concept has been refined in

in Women drinking out in Britain since the early twentieth century
Being right, knowing better
Tim Markham

3681 The Politics of war reporting.qxd:Layout 1 28/9/11 11:14 Page 94 5 Journalistic ethics and moral authority: being right, knowing better As a sociologist, I know that morality only works if it is supported by structures and a mechanism that give people an interest in morality. (Bourdieu, 1998b: 56) Is it futile to discuss journalistic ethics? Relativism versus strategism Previous chapters have set out the case for interpreting journalistic principles primarily as strategic. While this could reasonably be understood to indicate that the particular

in The politics of war reporting
Elisabeth Salter

3 Making meaning from moral reading Popular reading in English c. 1400–1600 1 Making meaning from moral reading This chapter is concerned with moral reading and focuses on a collection of short moral stories known as the Gesta Romanorum (Tales of the Romans), which were being copied, printed and circulated during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The stories have a distinctive style and follow a particular pattern. They are all set in the time of a particular named Roman emperor, each story being identified as the story of that emperor. This locates them

in Popular reading in English c. 1400–1600
Time, change, and flourishing in the Gardens of Adonis
Andrew Wadoski

sphere of human action in historical time, a site of infinitely expansive generation both animated by, and imaginatively resisting, the depredations of time and historical progress. This space, in which perpetually entangled cycles of growth and decay fuel a ceaseless plenitude of expansive and outwardly mobile forms, construes as its central object of moral analysis an understanding of the ways mortal

in Spenser’s ethics
Nicky Falkof

-value fear, and the feelings, beliefs and experiences associated with it. These include the way in which we manage risk, whether present, potential, exaggerated, misrecognised or imagined; the pervasive anxiety that characterises much of our everyday life and cultural production; and the rolling moral panics through which these features of fear often manifest. In this chapter I argue that fear, anxiety and associated experiences are important social formations and have significant effects on our macro- and micro

in Worrier state