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Gender Norm Change during Displacement?
Michelle Lokot

Women ’, American Ethnologist , 17 : 1 , 41 – 55 , doi: 10.1525/ae.1990.17.1.02a00030/full . Abu-Lughod , L. ( 2013 ), Do Muslim Women Need Saving ? ( Cambridge, MA and London : Harvard University Press ). Al-Ali , N. ( 2016 ), ‘ Sexual Violence in Iraq

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Unveiling American Muslim women in Rolla Selbak’s Three Veils (2011)
Alberto Fernández Carbajal

A S WE have seen in the previous two chapters of this section on ‘Negotiating Islamic gender’, cinematic and literary narratives crafted by queer diasporic Muslim women micropolitically challenge commonplace images of Islamic gender, particularly mainstream Western expectations of Muslim masculinity and femininity, as well as dominant Muslim diasporic gender normativity. Moreover, they adhere to – in the case of Sarif’s I Can’t Think Straight – or subvert – in El Hosaini’s My Brother the Devil – Western ‘coming out’ narrative arcs

in Queer Muslim diasporas in contemporary literature and film
Neil Macmaster

2 The origins of the emancipation campaign, November 1954 to May 1958 The military coup of 13 May 19581 was marked by demonstrations of ‘fraternisation’ when Muslim women unveiled en masse on the Algiers Forum. This has been widely seen as a quasi-revolutionary moment that dramatically initiated the emancipation campaign. However, as will be seen in chapter 3, the illusion of a revolutionary break in May 1958 was successfully created by the propagandists of the psychological warfare bureau. Emancipation, far from springing forth perfectly formed as a triumphant

in Burning the veil
Women as citizens
Shailja Sharma

women. The most egregious example of violence against Muslim women is an incident that took place on 13 May 1958 during the Algerian revolution. A coup by pro-Gaullist army generals against the civilian governor of Algeria was capped by an exhibition of women’s “liberation” on the steps of the governor’s palace in Algiers, to demonstrate the benefits of the continued French presence in Algeria. As part of this jingoistic exercise, a group of French women (presumed to be army wives) ritualistically and publicly carried out the (forced) unveiling of a group of Algerian

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
Abstract only
Public intellectuals as policy experts in times of crisis
Nadia Kiwan

indoctrination of young Muslim women into groups such as Al Jabhat al-​Nusra and so-​called Islamic State (or ISIS) in Iraq and Syria. She has published widely on the topic of Islam, religious diversity and laïcité (ten books, numerous articles and many media appearances) and she is the founding director of Bouzar Expertises: Cultes et Cultures –​a consultancy organisation set up in 2009, having previously worked as an éducatrice spécialisée (specialist youth worker) then as a laïcité researcher at the Ministère de la Justice from 1991 to 2009. From 2003 to 2005, she sat on

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
Neil Macmaster

10 From women’s radical nationalism to the restoration of patriarchy (1959–62) The final stages of the war from late 1959 until early 1962 saw the most overt and radical phase of women’s nationalist activism and evident signs of the failure of the emancipation agenda to make any significant or durable impact on Muslim women. However, this apparent sign of female radicalisation proved to be illusory since at a more hidden, but potent level, it was paralleled during the final years of the war by two developments that in the long term were to carry enormous

in Burning the veil
Neil Macmaster

Algérie française.7 For Salan the goal was not only to win the ‘Yes’ vote but also to maximise the number of women on the electoral rolls and of participation so as to demonstrate to the world that Muslim women were fully prepared to integrate and to engage as citizens in the political process.8 This concerted campaign for registration and the ‘Yes’ vote was carried out at local level with the aid of the MSF and EMSI, as well as through radio broadcasts and the distribution of specially made films such as ‘Vote Yes’ and ‘How to Vote’.9 Lucienne Salan, the quasi

in Burning the veil
Open Access (free)
Neil Macmaster

of the events of May 1945, the rebels orchestrated ceremonies of mass unveiling by Muslim women and quickly promulgated a raft of ‘emancipation’ policies. One of the questions that this book explores is how and why this U-turn came about. Why was it that a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now, in the M1822 - MACMASTER TEXT.indd 2 21/7/09 12:16:10 Introduction 3 midst of a bloody war of decolonisation, turned to an extensive programme of ‘emancipation’, which included

in Burning the veil