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Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
James Herbert, The Spear and ‘Nazi Gothic’
Nick Freeman

This article examines the ways in which James Herbert‘s The Spear (1978) attempted to combine nineteenth century gothic with the contemporary thriller. The novel deals with the activities of a neo-Nazi organisation, and the essay draws parallels between Herberts deployment of National Socialism and the treatment of Roman Catholicism in earlier Gothic texts. Contextualising the novel within a wider fascination with Nazism in 1970s popular culture, it also considers the ethical difficulties in applying techniques from supernatural Gothic to secular tyranny.

Gothic Studies
Catholics and antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918–1945
Author: Ulrike Ehret

This book compares the worldviews and factors that promoted or, indeed, opposed anti-semitism amongst Catholics in Germany and England after the First World War. As a prequel to books on Hitler, fascism and genocide, it turns towards ideas and attitudes that preceded and shaped the ideologies of the 1920s and 1940s. Apart from the long tradition of Catholic anti-Jewish prejudices, the book discusses new and old alternatives to European modernity offered by Catholics in Germany and England. Numerous events in the interwar years provoked anti-Jewish responses among Catholics: the revolutionary end of the war and financial scandals in Germany; Palestine and the Spanish Civil War in England. At the same time, the rise of fascism and National Socialism gave Catholics the opportunity to respond to the anti-democratic and anti-semitic waves these movements created in their wake. The book is a political history of ideas that introduces Catholic views of modern society, race, nation and the ‘Jewish question’. It shows to what extent these views were able to inform political and social activity.

Timothy Longman

.sciencespo.fr/mass-violence-war-massacre-resistance/en/document/rwanda-state-research (accessed 15 February 2019). Longman , T. ( 2010 ), Christianity and Genocide in Rwanda ( New York : Cambridge University Press ). Mamdani , M. ( 2001 ), When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda ( Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press ). Mason , T. ( 1981 ), ‘Intention and explanation: A current controversy about the interpretation of National Socialism’ , in Hirschfeld , G. and Kettenacker , L. (eds), Der ‘Führerstaat’: Mythos und Realität ( Stuttgart : Klett-Cotta ), pp. 21 – 40 . Rever , J

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Julie Thorpe

-nationalist aspirations for pan-German unity since 1848, or did it signify a departure from the Austrian imperial idea of a German sphere of influence over non-Germans? In 1933, some Germannationalists expressed caution at the violent extremes of National Socialism, and a few went so far as to denounce National Socialism and curry favour with the Austrofascist regime, but all remained firm in their belief that a genuine nationalist movement, including National Socialists, would ultimately bring about political unity in a greater-German state, one in which German minorities abroad would

in Pan-Germanism and the Austrofascist state, 1933–38
Abstract only
Death of the GDR – rebirth of an eastern identity?
Anna Saunders

, headed by the slogan ‘Germans – We can be proud of our country’, the 2001 poster campaign was loaded with controversy. Despite recent claims that unified Germany has regained a sense of ‘normality’, the expression of collective German pride is clearly still considered anything but ‘normal’. The attitudes of young east Germans exemplify the unease that surrounds the expression of patriotic pride in contemporary Germany yet, in contrast to their elders, they often have little personal memory of divided Germany, and none of National Socialism. For the majority, unified

in Honecker’s children
Transatlantic debates about the Nazi past
Konrad H. Jarausch

Second World War and mass murder. Yet half a century later German politicians readily apologized for Nazi crimes, and intellectuals had embraced a veritable Holocaust-sensibility as their enthusiasm for Daniel Goldhagen’s exaggerated indictment of eliminationist anti-Semitism showed. 1 Resisting efforts to relativize this terrible legacy, scholars wrote probing accounts of the failure of democracy, the rise of National Socialism and the terrible crimes of genocide. While this difficult reversal was never complete, it was more extensive than in post-militarist Japan

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Abstract only
Ulrike Ehret

amends – against the majority opinion of his curia.2 Such a distinction between Christian anti-Judaism and modern antisemitism might look like a minor semantic problem to outsiders, 01-ChurchNationRace_001-035 2 28/11/11 14:32 Page 2 Church, nation and race but it has been the central problem in discussions on the relationship between Catholics and Jews. Whether one tries to understand Catholic attitudes towards biblical and modern Jews, or sees the Church as a bulwark against or an ally to fascism and National Socialism, one necessarily comes back to the

in Church, nation and race
Lisa Lampert-Weissig

’s portrayals of the necessity of doing evil in the cause of something beyond good and evil provide, I believe, some clues as to how these ‘philo-Semitic’ writers could support Hitler despite awareness of the brutal anti-Semitism of National Socialism. 4 House of the Vampire Like Elizabeth Braddon’s ‘Good Lady Ducayne’ ( 1896 ) or Harriet in Florence Marryat

in Open Graves, Open Minds
Ulrike Ehret

Catholic right then placed their emphasis on a revival of Imperial Sammlungspolitik by devoting their efforts to political lobbying and to the education of the younger generation in a Christian-nationalist worldview, which they hoped would permeate all levels of German society. The Catholic right – Catholics who sympathised or joined the German National People’s Party (DNVP) – has been a stepchild of historical research into German conservatism and its relationship to National Socialism. Small in numbers and caught between the nationalist conservatism of the largely

in Church, nation and race