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A former founding father in search of control
Ben J.S. Hoetjes

2444Ch13 3/12/02 13 2:05 pm Page 315 Ben J.S. Hoetjes The Netherlands: a former founding father in search of control Introduction: a mature member’s second thoughts The involvement of the Dutch in European integration dates back to the 1950s, and so do the Dutch attitudes towards it. Over the years, they have changed, but there is also a long-standing support for the overall process of European integration. A clear distinction, however, should be drawn between the elite and the general public. For the general public, European integration in the 1950s was a

in Fifteen into one?
Constructing mythologies surrounding reverse colonisation and Islamisation through politics and protest movements
Leyla Yıldırım

or dua of salvation written by the well-known Islamic scholar, Sayyid Uthman (1822–1914) from Batavia, and was distributed in lithographed form throughout occupied Java and Madura, present-day Indonesia, to be read in mosques. It was written in honour of Queen Wilhelmina's inauguration as queen of the Netherlands when she became an adult. Such a dua was used to express political loyalty. In some cases, the mention or omission of a specific ruler would convey political affiliations. For instance, in the colonial era, when the Ottoman sultan was mentioned

in The rise of global Islamophobia in the War on Terror
Common norms, diverse policy models
Kelly Kollman

Kollman 05_Tonra 01 03/12/2012 12:44 Page 103 5 Same-sex unions in the Netherlands and Germany: common norms, diverse policy models 1 Having examined the effects that the creation and dissemination of a rights-based European norm for same-sex relationship recognition has had on general SSU policy outcomes in western democracies in the last chapter, this chapter turns its attention to fleshing out the precise mechanisms by which the norm is translated into often variable domestic policy models. The chapter uses an in-depth comparative case study of SSU policy

in The same-sex unions revolution in western democracies
‘Nederland voor de Nederlanders!’
Cas Mudde

chap5 28/5/02 13.32 Page 117 Part III The Netherlands: ‘Nederland voor de Nederlanders!’ The extreme right in the Netherlands, 1945–84 Following the end of the Second World War the Dutch process of denazification began with the internment of some 100,000 collaborators. Several former members of the Nationaal Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, NSB), the only legal Dutch political party during the German occupation, and of the (Waffen-) SS lost their political rights, mostly for several years (see Bank 1998

in The ideology of the extreme right
Michaël Amara

Belgian refugees (France, Britain, Netherlands) v 9 v Belgian refugees during the First World War (France, Britain, Netherlands) Michaël Amara Introduction: the exodus The German invasion of Belgium in the First World War, from August to October 1914, led to the flight of more or less 1.5 million Belgian civilians. The vast majority of them sought asylum abroad, in the Netherlands, France and Great Britain. The magnitude of this exodus gave birth to a huge diaspora unique in the history of Belgium. Hundreds of thousands of men, women and children of all ages

in Europe on the move
Volha Parfenchyk
Willemijn Ruberg

female perpetrators and victims. Although this crime could be committed by both men and women, in the vast majority of cases the perpetrator was male, and the victim female. We provide two case studies – the Netherlands and Russia – to show how these crimes of passion have been defined by the law and prosecuted in practice in the twentieth century. We follow Rebekka Habermas’s anthropological approach of

in Forensic cultures in modern Europe
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Antonius C. G. M. Robben

Thousands of people died in Rotterdam during the Second World War in more than 300 German and Allied bombardments. Civil defence measures had been taken before the German invasion of the Netherlands in May 1940 and these efforts were intensified during the country’s occupation as Allied bombers attacked Rotterdam’s port, factories, dry docks and oil terminals. Residential neighbourhoods were also hit through imprecise targeting and by misfired flak grenades. Inadequate air raid shelters and people’s reluctance to enter them caused many casualties. The condition of the corpses and their post-mortem treatment was thus co-constituted by the relationship between the victims and their material circumstances. This article concludes that an understanding of the treatment of the dead after war, genocide and mass violence must pay systematic attention to the materiality of death because the condition, collection and handling of human remains is affected by the material means that impacted on the victims.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Adina-Loredana Nistor
Eileen Moyer
Joost Fontein
, and
Reinhart Kößler
Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
An Unpublished Manuscript Illuminated by the Master of the Haarlem Bible
Natalija Ganina
James H. Marrow

This paper analyses an unpublished Dutch-language Book of Hours in the John Rylands Library, focusing on unusual core texts the manuscript contains and distinctive features of its cycle of illumination. The miniatures and the richly painted decoration of the manuscript can be attributed to the Master of the Haarlem Bible and dated c.1450–75. The inserted full-page miniatures include iconographically noteworthy examples, and the placement of some in the volume is anomalous, suggesting that they may not have been planned when the volume was written. Our analyses of distinctive texts and images of the manuscript lead us to offer suggestions about the religious status or affiliations of its patron and to propose possible monastic settings in which it might have been used. We discuss the disparate character of its textual and illustrative components in relation to current reappraisals of the organisation of manuscript production in the Northern Netherlands.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library