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Sam Rohdie

Networks If the book is not conceived of as the arguing through of an idea or the exposition of a destiny, if it refuses to investigate itself, to anchor itself outside the signifier, it must be perpetual: not full stop to the text, no last word. And what is infinite in that book is not only its end; at every point the supplement is possible: ­something new can always grow later on in the interstices of the fabric, of the text. The book has holes, and therein lies its productivity …; it is not going somewhere, it is going away, it never stops going away.13

in Film modernism
Geographies of transnational solidarity

This book provides a critical investigation of what has been termed the ‘global justice movement’. Through a detailed study of a grassroots peasants' network in Asia (People's Global Action); an international trade union network (the International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mining and General Workers); and the Social Forum process, it analyses some of the global justice movement's component parts, operational networks and their respective dynamics, strategies and practices. The authors argue that the emergence of new globally connected forms of collective action against neoliberal globalisation are indicative of a range of variously place-specific forms of political agency that coalesce across geographic space at particular times, in specific places and in a variety of ways. They also argue that, rather than being indicative of a coherent ‘movement’, such forms of political agency contain many political and geographical fissures and fault-lines, and are best conceived of as ‘global justice networks’: overlapping, interacting, competing and differentially placed and resourced networks that articulate demands for social, economic and environmental justice. Such networks, and the social movements that comprise them, characterise emergent forms of trans-national political agency. The authors argue that the role of key geographical concepts of space, place and scale are crucial to an understanding of the operational dynamics of such networks. Such an analysis challenges key current assumptions in the literature about the emergence of a global civil society.

The punk and post-punk worlds of Manchester, London, Liverpool and Sheffield, 1975–80
Author: Nick Crossley

This book argues that punk and post-punk, whatever their respective internal stylistic heterogeneity, enjoyed 'sociological reality' in Samuel Gilmore's and Howard Becker's sense. It elaborates the concept of 'music worlds', contrasting it with alternatives from the sociological literature. In particular it contrasts it with the concepts 'subculture', 'scene' and 'field'. The book then outlines a number of concepts which allow us to explore the localised process in which punk took shape in a sociologically rigorous manner. In particular it discusses the concepts of 'critical mass' and 'social networks'. The book also applies these concepts to the London punk world of 1976. It considers how talk about punk migrated from face-to-face networks to mass media networks and the effects of that shift. Continuing the discussion of punk's diffusion and growth, the book considers how punk worlds took shape in Liverpool, Manchester and Sheffield. In addition, however, the book offers a more technical analysis of the network structures of the post-punk worlds of the three cities. Furthermore, extending this analysis, and combining qualitative and quantitative forms of analysis, the book considers how activities in different local post-punk worlds were themselves linked in a network, constituting a national post-punk world.

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Nodes, ties and worlds
Nick Crossley

In the previous chapter, I suggested that music worlds are social networks, or more precisely – as the festival network demonstrated – distinctive clusters within the broader network comprising the musical universe. Musicking is interaction, but not just dyadic interaction. It is collective action involving multiple parties whose interactions and relations concatenate, simultaneously drawing upon and generating a wider network. All musicking belongs to this network, but it is possible to identify distinct clusters of activity – sub-networks – within it

in Connecting sounds
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Sarah Lonsdale

1931. 7 From her days at Homerton Teacher Training College (1906–08) onwards, Manning was involved with a wide range of informal and formal organisations and networks associated with the women’s movement, teaching, pacifism and left-wing politics. These included the Fabian Society, the Young Liberals’ League, the Socialist League, the Independent Labour Party (ILP), the Cambridge branch of the Trades and Labour Council, the National Union of Teachers and before that the National Federation of Class Teachers, the National Association of Labour Teachers (for which

in Rebel women between the wars
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Redistributing strategic resources
Scott James

In this chapter we move beyond relatively static and unchanging formal codes of conduct by exploring the more fluid and dynamic ‘vertical’ dimension of networking: the redistribution of strategic resources between network players. At a general level, the basic relationship that exists across both EU networks remained relatively stable since formation. Departmental players rely upon network managers to: distil their preferences into a single negotiating position (the Cabinet Office/DFA); for EU expertise and lobbying activity in other

in Managing Europe from home
Reconfiguring coordination
Scott James

Mechanisms of coordination refer to those ‘horizontal’ processes that embed strategic networking in regularized practices, facilitate and structure interaction, and create relationships of mutual interdependency. They include formal structures of decision making and coordination (such as standing committees), as well as informal processes of consultation and communication (for example through ad hoc meetings, circulation lists or correspondence). Within the EU network, these mechanisms are critical for coordinating policy across

in Managing Europe from home
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Deborah Youngs

Modern writers have not only adopted the collective term ‘gentry’, but also have sought to uncover the various small groups or networks to which the gentry belonged. The motive is an important one: to understand the frameworks within which the gentry’s political, social and cultural identities were formed. This can establish the relative importance of vertical (patron

in Gentry culture in late-medieval England
Open Access (free)
Collecting contacts with Gabrielle Enthoven
Kate Dorney

2 Female networks Collecting contacts with Gabrielle Enthoven Kate Dorney In her Times obituary Gabrielle Enthoven (née Romaine)1 (1868–1950) was described as an ‘archivist of the theatre’ and an amateur actor who had ‘some success as a dramatic author’.2 For Who’s Who in the Theatre she described herself as a theatre historian and dramatic author […] for many years a prominent amateur actress appearing with the Old Stagers, Windsor Strollers etc. and author of Montmartre, Alhambra 1912; Ellen Young (with Edmund Goulding), Savoy 1916; The Honeysuckle (from D

in Stage women, 1900–50
Zoë Laidlaw

To find a cousin is better than a mistress in every port. (Governor Richard Bourke, 26 October 1834) 1 Networks of personal connections were of critical importance to colonial governance in the early nineteenth century

in Colonial connections, 1815–45