Britain’s role in the war on terror
Author: Steven Kettell

The war on terror has shaped and defined the first decade of the twenty-first century, yet analyses of Britain's involvement remain limited and fragmentary. This book provides a comprehensive, detailed and critical analysis of these developments. It argues that New Labour's support for a militaristic campaign was driven by a desire to elevate Britain's influence on the world stage, and to assist the United States in a new imperialist project of global reordering. This included participation in the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, support for extra-legal measures and a diminution of civil liberties through punitive anti-terror legislation. Ostensibly set within a political framework of promoting humanitarian values, the government's conduct in the war on terror also proved to be largely counter-productive, eroding trust between the citizenry and the state, putting the armed forces under increasing strain, reducing Britain's global position and ultimately exacerbating the threat from radical Islamic terrorism. While new imperialism is typically treated as either an ‘economic’, ‘political’, ‘militaristic’ or ‘humanitarian’ endeavour, this study seeks to enhance current scholarly accounts by setting the events and dynamics of the war on terror within a more holistic and multi-dimensional account of new imperialist forces.

Historical and anthropological approaches to a changing regime of governance

What does global health stem from, when is it born, how does it relate to the contemporary world order? This book explores the origins of global health, a new regime of health intervention in countries of the global South, born around 1990. It proposes an encompassing view of the transition from international public health to global health, bringing together historians and anthropologists to explore the relationship between knowledge, practices and policies. It aims at interrogating two gaps left by historical and anthropological studies of the governance of health outside Europe and North America. The first is a temporal gap between the historiography of international public health through the 1970s and the numerous anthropological studies of global health in the present. The second originates in problems of scale. Macro-inquiries of institutions and politics, and micro-investigations of local configurations, abound. The book relies on a stronger engagement between history and anthropology, i.e. the harnessing of concepts (circulation, scale, transnationalism) crossing both of them, and on four domains of intervention: tuberculosis, mental health, medical genetics and traditional (Asian) medicines. The volume analyses how the new modes of ‘interventions on the life of others’ recently appeared, why they blur the classical divides between North and South and how they relate to the more general neoliberal turn in politics and economy. The book is meant for academics, students and health professionals interested in new discussions about the transnational circulation of drugs, bugs, therapies, biomedical technologies and people in the context of the ‘neoliberal turn’ in development practices.

Claire Beaudevin, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Christoph Gradmann, Anne M. Lovell and Laurent Pordié

The introduction explores the ways in which history and anthropology have approached global health and its origins. It suggests that this new regime of health intervention in countries of the global South, born around 1990, differs from the previous regime of international public health at three levels: the actors involved, the targets prioritized and the tools mobilized. The introduction further identifies two gaps left by historical and anthropological studies of the governance of health outside Europe and North America: (1) a temporal gap between the historiography of international public health through the 1970s and the numerous anthropological studies of global health in the present; (2) a gap originating in problems of scale. Macro-inquiries of institutions and politics abound, as do micro-investigations of local configurations. Pleading for a strong engagement between the two disciplines and the harnessing of common concepts, the introduction explores why and how the four domains of interventions selected in the book (tuberculosis, mental health, medical genetics and traditional (Asian) medicines) can contribute to a better understanding of the new modes of ‘interventions on the life of others’ and how they relate to the more general ‘neoliberal turn’.

in Global health and the new world order
Along the Oregon Trail and in the National Museum of Australia
Deborah Bird Rose

In this period of the global warping of time-space topologies and of increasing awareness of disorganisation and catastrophe, it is a matter of urgency to ask how we ‘new world’ settler peoples come to imagine that we belong to our beloved homelands. We cannot help but know that we are here through dispossession and death. What are some of the stories we tell to help us inscribe a moral presence in places we have come to through violence? I approach this question through an analysis of landscape stories presented

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Abstract only
Steven Kettell

9 Decline and fall A significant change The launching of the war on terror in September 2001 was shaped by two immediate factors: the new imperialist trajectory adopted by the US from the end of the Cold War, and the specific form and character of the George W. Bush administration. Seeking to craft a new world order more conducive to US interests, Washington’s response to the al-Qaeda attacks of 9/11 was driven by military measures designed to expand free market democracy in the Middle East and to establish a credible willingness to use force in defence of its

in New Labour and the new world order
Open Access (free)
Black Women as Surrogates of Liberation in James Baldwin’s If Beale Street Could Talk
Marquita R. Smith

This essay analyzes how James Baldwin’s late novel If Beale Street Could Talk represents Black women’s care work in the face of social death as an example of how Black women act as surrogates for Black liberation giving birth to a new world and possibilities of freedom for Black (male) people. Within the politics of Black nationalism, Black women were affective workers playing a vital role in the (re)creation of heteronormative family structures that formed the basis of Black liberation cohered by a belief in the power of patriarchy to make way for communal freedom. This essay demonstrates how Beale Street’s imagining of freedom centers not on what Black women do to support themselves or each other, but on the needs of the community at large, with embodied sacrifice as a presumed condition of such liberation.

James Baldwin Review
The mythology of emigration in Neil Gaiman’s American Gods
Heather O’Donoghue

In American Gods, Neil Gaiman characterises ‘America’ – to use Gaiman’s own anachronistic and in many ways problematic term – as a country of immigrants from its very earliest times to the present day. Gaiman’s starting point is what might be called the emigration of mythology – how gods and the heroes of folklore are exported to the New World along with each wave of emigration. 1 One of his inspirations was the work of academic folklorist Richard Dorson, who is quoted in the novel’s epigraph pondering the fates of these supernatural emigrants: ‘what happens

in From Iceland to the Americas
French revolutionary ideology in Saint- Domingue
Johnhenry Gonzalez

101 4 The New World ‘sans-​culottes’: French revolutionary ideology in Saint-​Domingue Johnhenry Gonzalez In February 1794, two and a half years after slaves in the French colony of Saint-​Domingue initiated the Haitian Revolution by taking up arms against their former masters, the Jacobin-​controlled National Convention in Paris issued the first ecumenical decree of slave emancipation in modern history. While the Haitian and French Revolutions occurred contemporaneously, scholars of the period have long been at odds with regard to the extent and the nature of

in Colonial exchanges
Abstract only
Steven Kettell

/11 terrorist attacks, the overarching objective of this campaign was to advance a wide-ranging project of geo-strategic reordering designed to extend and enhance US global dominance. For the New Labour leadership, support for this endeavour was considered to be vital not only for securing Britain’s national interests, but as a means of helping to forge and fashion a new world order for the twenty-first century. Not surprisingly, the circumstances surrounding the war on terror have attracted an enormous amount of commentary and analysis. Typologically, this divides into

in New Labour and the new world order
Steven Kettell

civil liberties in the name of national security, would dominate international and domestic politics for the rest of the decade. A new world order The origins of the war on terror are to be found in three interlocking dynamics of the post-war period: the Cold War struggle between the US and the Soviet Union, US moves towards the adoption of a new imperialist strategy during the 1990s, and the emergence of a globally oriented form of radical Islamic terrorism. In the first of these, the main impetus for later events was bound up with the mutually antagonistic support

in New Labour and the new world order