Sports history offers many profound insights into the character and complexities of modern imperial rule. This book examines the fortunes of cricket in various colonies as the sport spread across the British Empire. It helps to explain why cricket was so successful, even in places like India, Pakistan and the West Indies where the Anglo-Saxon element remained in a small minority. The story of imperial cricket is really about the colonial quest for identity in the face of the colonisers' search for authority. The cricket phenomenon was established in nineteenth-century England when the Victorians began glorifying the game as a perfect system of manners, ethics and morals. Cricket has exemplified the colonial relationship between England and Australia and expressed imperialist notions to the greatest extent. In the study of the transfer of imperial cultural forms, South Africa provides one of the most fascinating case studies. From its beginnings in semi-organised form through its unfolding into a contemporary internationalised structure, Caribbean cricket has both marked and been marked by a tight affiliation with complex social processing in the islands and states which make up the West Indies. New Zealand rugby demonstrates many of the themes central to cricket in other countries. While cricket was played in India from 1721 and the Calcutta Cricket Club is probably the second oldest cricket club in the world, the indigenous population was not encouraged to play cricket.
before the mid-1980s. Whereas the South Africans achieved
first victories over England in 1905–06 and Australia in
1910–11 and consolidated as a major cricketing power during the
1960s, New Zealand did not achieve a test victory until 1956 (West
Indies), Australia were not defeated until 1974 and England until
NewZealandrugby demonstrates many of the themes central
New Zealand’s British Empire and Commonwealth Games, 1950–90
and Caribbean boycott of the 1986 Games in
Edinburgh, to protest British policy towards South Africa. The
African boycott of the 1976 Montreal Olympics to protest New
Zealand’s sporting ties with South Africa combined with
National government support for the NewZealandRugby Union
throughout the late 1970s and early 1980s to ensure that racial and
political tensions profoundly
The 1980 Moscow boycott through contemporary Asian–African
Olympiad in 1963 and the twenty-two-nation boycott of the 1976 Montreal Olympics
made in response to the NewZealandrugby All Blacks’ tour of South Africa.
Reappraisal of the 1980 boycott also necessitates taking a fresh look at the alternative sporting events that were created for the athletes from boycotting nations,
particularly the Liberty Bell Classic, a two-day track meet held in Philadelphia on
16 and 17 July, just days before the Moscow Games began. These forgotten sporting
diplomatic initiatives proved effective for how they were interpreted alongside the
explanations account for his choice of settlement in New Zealand.
He had diligently followed the progress of NewZealandrugby and cricket
teams touring Britain, read advertisements stipulating the need for bus drivers
in New Zealand, and his conﬁrmation in the early 1930s was conducted by
the Bishop of Dunedin, James Whyte, a native of Kilkenny back home on a
sabbatical. Meanwhile, Johanna Flaherty recalled, ‘my father had four sisters
in this country and about four or ﬁve brothers and every once in a while somebody would take a trip home to visit their father and mother
– was a useful tool for advertisers. A quick survey of adverts in the Athletic News around 1900 shows sports being used to sell Vi-Cola and Cadbury’s cocoa, while the NewZealandrugby team endorse the use of Zam-Buk muscle embrocation. Likewise, Albert Trott ‘The Popular Middlesex Cricketer, Explains to the British Public the remarkable Curative Effect of Electricity, the Modern Wonder-Worker’. 14 Training manuals, coaching pamphlets, and the services of the bloodless surgeon J Ward were all advertised using testimonials from more and less famous sportsmen.