New Zealand’s Empire revises and expands received histories of empire and imperialism. In the study of the imperial past, both colonial and postcolonial approaches have often asserted the dualism of core and periphery, with New Zealand as on the ‘edge’ or as a ‘periphery’. This book critically revises and makes complex our understandings of the range of ways that New Zealand has played a role as an ‘imperial power’, including the cultural histories of New Zealand inside the British empire, engagements with imperial practices and notions of imperialism, the special significance of New Zealand in the Pacific region, and the circulation of the ideas of empire both through and inside New Zealand over time. It departs from earlier studies of both imperial and national histories by taking a new approach: seeing New Zealand as both powerful as an imperial envoy, and as having its own sovereign role in Pacific nations - as well as in Australia and Antarctica - but also through its examination of the manifold ways in which New Zealanders both look back at and comment on their relationships with the ‘empire’ over time. In separate essays that span social, cultural, political and economic history, contributors test the concept of ‘New Zealand’s Empire’, taking new directions in both historiographical and empirical research.

Apology, remorse, and reconciliation
Giselle Byrnes

A little over 150 years ago, a crucial battle took place in the western Bay of Plenty in New Zealand. The event was to be a turning point in New Zealand’s turbulent civil wars; British colonial ambition was effectively stymied and settler and Indigenous Māori relations were severely ruptured for most of the remainder of the nineteenth century

in New Zealand’s empire
Author: Angela McCarthy

Recent studies of the Irish and the Scots in New Zealand have pointed to the prevalence of social networks for migrants. This book argues that discrimination, even when experienced, was not a precondition for the ethnic consciousness felt by and ascribed to the Irish and Scots in New Zealand. Rather, most aspects of their ethnic identities were positively constructed and articulated. It contends that overarching narratives of exile had little significance in the development of Irish and Scottish ethnic identities in New Zealand. The book looks at the ways in which Irish and Scottish migrants and their sense of Irishness and Scottishness been examined in studies of the diaspora. A sense of being Irish or Scottish is explored, along with identifications such as Highlander, Lowlander, Northern Irish, and Southern Irish, Britishness; New Zealand identities are also considered. The book highlights the range of sources from which we can obtain some insight into the use of and attitudes towards the Irish and Scottish languages and accents in New Zealand. A range of elements including music, festivals, food and drink, and dress is considered to examine the material tokens of Irish and Scottish ethnicity. Religious and political identities were also important aspects of Scottishness and Irishness. A range of national characteristics is examined among the migrants and their descendants in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Views of New Zealand and its indigenous Maori population are further ways in which Irish and Scottish migrants conveyed aspects of their identities.

Rosemary Baird and Philippa Mein Smith

Politically and economically, New Zealand began as an eastern frontier of the British Empire in Australia as an extension of the Colony of New South Wales, until New Zealand became a Crown Colony in its own right in 1841. Between 1788 and 1840 New Zealand was part of ‘Australia’s empire’ because of culture contact, maritime traffic, trade and

in New Zealand’s empire
Judith A. Bennett

During the Second World War, troops of the United States occupied most of the South Pacific island groups. Of New Zealand’s dependencies, all but Niue saw a rapid build-up of their bases. With the Japanese in retreat by 1943, many influential Americans advocated that expenditure of their ‘blood and treasure’ should warrant post-war territorial

in New Zealand’s empire
Angela McCarthy

Within the historiography of New Zealand, much of the literature concerned with impressions of the country has arisen from accounts penned by emigration agents or travel writers. Both forms ensured the dissemination of information back to Britain and Ireland. As Lydia Wevers summarised in connection with one travel writer, ‘Every observation about New Zealand, Maori, the

in Scottishness and Irishness in New Zealand since 1840
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Greg Ryan

New Zealand holds a distinctly ambiguous position among major cricketing countries. Until at least the mid-1890s cricket was the ‘national’ game. Thereafter, in common with South Africa, rugby union superseded it and has remained dominant. But, unlike South Africa, the secondary position of New Zealand cricket produced only sporadic moments of international respectability

in The imperial game
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New Zealand claims Antarctica from the ‘heroic era’ to the twenty-first century
Katie Pickles

With no Indigenous inhabitants, since its discovery by people from elsewhere, Antarctica has been deemed a space ready to be claimed and to have history written upon it. As Elizabeth Leane argues, ‘Antarctica’s meaning for humans lies in the stories we tell about it’. 1 Antarctica is a place 10,034 kilometres away from New Zealand that few nationals

in New Zealand’s empire
New Zealand in the Pacific through French eyes
Adrian Muckle

If I have used the word empire to characterise New Zealand’s colonial domain, this is undoubtedly a very big word for it. This empire is Lilliputian. 1 There is a long tradition of French writing on New Zealand and

in New Zealand’s empire
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New Zealand’s empire
Katie Pickles and Catharine Coleborne

New Zealand’s empire revises, expands, and complicates received histories of empire and imperialism: specifically their significance to, in, and from New Zealand. In the study of the imperial past, both colonial and postcolonial approaches have often asserted the dualism of core and periphery, with New Zealand firmly positioned on the ‘edge’, or as an outlier of empire

in New Zealand’s empire