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Eşref Aksu

elaboration of which would pave the way for a comprehensive examination of normative change. For each specified time period, we set out to discern the differences separating the positions of various actors, and their impact on the normative basis of the UN’s involvement in intra-state conflicts. We then sought to identify the relationship between the most influential normative positions and the interests

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Judith Renner

alternative specifically to those approaches in IR which seek to inquire into the emergence of shared meanings in global politics. In particular, it ties in with moderate constructivist approaches to normative change. Whereas these accounts are predominantly agent-centric and theorise norm emergence in terms of strategic or persuasive efforts of norm entrepreneurs, the discourse theoretical approach conceptualises the emergence of normative

in Discourse, normative change and the quest for reconciliation in global politics
Author:

This book offers a new and critical perspective on the global reconciliation technology by highlighting its contingent and highly political character as an authoritative practice of post-conflict peacebuilding. After retracing the emergence of the reconciliation discourse from South Africa to the global level, the book demonstrates how implementing reconciliation in post-conflict societies is a highly political practice which entails potentially undesirable consequences for the post-conflict societies to which it is deployed. Inquiring into the example of Sierra Leone, the book shows how the reconciliation discourse brings about the marginalization and neutralization of political claims and identities of local populations by producing these societies as being composed of the ‘victims’ and ‘perpetrators’ of past human rights violations which are first and foremost in need of reconciliation and healing.

Author:

This study explores the normative dimension of the evolving role of the United Nations in peace and security and, ultimately, in governance. What is dealt with here is both the UN's changing raison d'être and the wider normative context within which the organisation is located. The study looks at the UN through the window of one of its most contentious, yet least understood, practices: active involvement in intra-state conflicts as epitomised by UN peacekeeping. Drawing on the conceptual tools provided by the ‘historical structural’ approach, it seeks to understand how and why the international community continuously reinterprets or redefines the UN's role with regard to such conflicts. The study concentrates on intra-state ‘peacekeeping environments’, and examines what changes, if any, have occurred to the normative basis of UN peacekeeping in intra-state conflicts from the early 1960s to the early 1990s. One of the original aspects of the study is its analytical framework, where the conceptualisation of ‘normative basis’ revolves around objectives, functions and authority, and is closely connected with the institutionalised values in the UN Charter such as state sovereignty, human rights and socio-economic development.

Christian Kaunert

normative changes in the social norms for decision-makers in the AFSJ up until the Tampere Council Summit in 1999, the first European Council to be entirely dedicated to the area. Firstly, an analysis of the legal norms in the policy area is used in order to demonstrate the changing nature of the ‘constitutional’ arrangements. Secondly, this chapter argues, that these legal and normative changes are indicative of

in European internal security
Evolution of the normative basis
Eşref Aksu

, only a few experienced purely ‘inter-state peacekeeping’, 30 that is, peacekeeping without explicit reference to intra-state conflict. 31 When the Cold War drew to a close, the international prescriptions for intra-state peacekeeping reflected, in revolutionary fashion (i.e. instantaneously and with considerable strength), the results of a set of evolutionary normative changes that had occurred

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Christian Kaunert

of the European Commission, acting to initiate and push for a process of normative change among EU decisionmakers, as well as concrete institutional change, which is both part of its role as a supranational policy entrepreneur. Prior to the Convention: Commission entrepreneurship by officials? According to Sir Adrian Fortescue ( 1995 ), then the Director of the General

in European internal security
Abstract only
Judith Renner

the hope of facilitating reconciliation and lasting peace after war or repression. This book is interested in how this normative change came about. How was it possible, it asks, that reconciliation emerged as a widely accepted and authoritative ideal in global politics, given that it was not an issue a while ago? Why is reconciliation understood and practiced the way it is, namely through the creation of truth commissions? The

in Discourse, normative change and the quest for reconciliation in global politics
Abstract only
Marion Laurence
and
Emily Paddon Rhoads

external factors interact with internal ones. For example, Karlsrud ( 2016 : 2) uses the concept of ‘linked ecologies’ to explain how actors moving between posts with the UN, think tanks, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), academia, and member states can form ‘policy alliances’ and drive normative change in peace operations. More recently, Andersen has looked at normative disagreements between member states and the UN's peace bureaucracy, linking them to wider changes in the ‘global political Zeitgeist ’ (Andersen 2018 : 9). She finds that international civil

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
Problematising the normative connection
Eşref Aksu

of creating, modifying, and eroding established international norms to varying degrees. The more interesting connection, however, lies in the question of whether the UN’s intra-state peacekeeping (quite apart from being either a ‘cause’ or ‘consequence’) mirrors a deep-running and more profound normative change in world politics, which is probably the manifestation of much bigger influences exerted

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change