9 West Cork and North Tipperary The Irish exemplar In the early Victorian years there were times when the flow of emigrants from the British Isles was entirely inadequate to the needs of Britain’s expanding colonial world. In 1840 T.F. Elliot, who was orchestrating a new system of assisted emigration, told James Stephen in the Colonial Office that the only people willing to emigrate were unskilled labourers from Scotland and Ireland and that ‘it is upon these two kingdoms only that the colony can rely for any constant supply of agricultural labour’.1 In reality

in The genesis of international mass migration
The British case, 1750–1900

Very large numbers of people began to depart the British Isles for the New Worlds after about 1770. This was a pioneering movement, a rehearsal for modern international migration. This book contends that emigration history is not seamless, that it contains large shifts over time and place, and that the modern scale and velocity of mobility have very particular historical roots. The Isle of Man is an ideal starting point in the quest for the engines and mechanisms of emigration, and a particular version of the widespread surge in British emigration in the 1820s. West Sussex was much closer to the centres of the expansionary economy in the new age. North America was the earliest and the greatest theatre of oceanic emigration in which the methods of mass migration were pioneered. Landlocked Shropshire experienced some of the earliest phases of British industrialisation, notably in the Ironbridge/Coalbrookdale district, deep inland on the River Severn. The turmoil in the agrarian and demographic foundations of life reached across the British archipelago. In West Cork and North Tipperary, there was clear evidence of the great structural changes that shook the foundations of these rural societies. The book also discusses the sequences and effects of migration in Wales, Swaledale, Cornwall, Kent, London, and Scottish Highlands. It also deals with Ireland's place in the more generic context of the origins of migration from the British Isles. The common historical understanding is that the pre-industrial population of the British Isles had been held back by Malthusian checks.

Abstract only
Support for Sinn Féin, the Dáil and local IRA units

you Again. Michael O’Flanagan (1876– 1942). Priest, Republican, Social Critic (Blackrock: Columba Press, 1993), pp. 104–6. 104 REPUBLICAN PRIESTS i­ll-­advised overture to the British government in December 1920 and January 1921, which lost him much credit with his colleagues in the party.33 O’Flanagan was not the only priest to take up senior office in Sinn Féin. Father Patrick Gaynor, Killaloe diocesan schools examiner, was a member of both the national executive council and the standing committee. He was also the chairman of the North Tipperary constituency

in Freedom and the Fifth Commandment

social and demographic composition 167 The economics of mental health services Table 10.2  Mental health care per capita allocation, 2007 (€m) Local health office Actual expenditure Expenditure under Variation proposed model Dublin North Central Galway Longford/Westmeath Meath North Cork North Tipperary/East  Limerick Sligo/Leitrim/West Cavan West Cork 420.1 271.1 285  31.7 285.4  28.7 188.2  70.1 182 148 183.9 166 –231.9 –100 –103  116 –101.5  137.3 304.3  54.8 192.7 193.4 –111.6  138.6 Source: Brick et al. (2010) based on Staines et al. (2010b). Table 10

in The economics of disability

North Tipperary Militia, stationed at Nenagh, County Tipperary, in July 1856. The mutiny occurred for several reasons, most notably because the men had not been paid their enlistment bounty in full, and when the officers attempted to take back part of their new uniform the men refused, leading to the mutiny being dubbed by part of the local press the ‘Battle of the Breeches’. The men then stormed the town, and gained control of it, which resulted in the calling out of a detachment of regular soldiers, leading to the death of two militiamen and one soldier of the 41st

in The Irish amateur military tradition in the British Army, 1854–1992

. 30 He continued the family connection to local government, however, serving as chairman of the North Tipperary Co. Council and was even a founding director of the Roscrea Bacon Factory, objected to in parliament in 1906 Hansard, HC Deb. 154, 825–6 (26 Mar. 1906). 31 His youngest son was Frank MacDermot, who attended Downside in the 1890s and was later elected an Independent TD for Roscommon in 1932. Kyran FitzGerald, ‘Francis Charles “Frank” MacDermot (1886–1975)’, Dictionary of Irish Biography, v, pp. 902–3. 32 Unless stated otherwise, figures for landholdings

in Irish Catholic identities
Abstract only

more Protestant electoral areas of Donegal and north Tipperary had a higher proportion of middle-aged single women than areas in which there was a higher concentration of Catholics. Was emigration a root cause of high permanent celibacy? At different times, some parts of the country had a higher rate of female emigration and vice versa, so the pool of prospective spouses was diminished. But male and female emigration in the population as a whole was about equal, and there was population movement within Ireland itself. Besides, the counties with the lowest marriage

in Social change and everyday life in Ireland 1850–1922

the county medical officers, although they are uneven in availability, coverage, and findings. According to the Offaly county medical officer’s report for 1945 only one out of over 1,200 children inspected under the school medical inspection scheme were malnourished, while in 1934 in Dublin over 6 per cent of inspected children showed signs of malnutrition.35 In North Tipperary in 1940 over 11 per cent of children were found to be suffering from malnutrition.36 These wide variations could be the result of timing – the high rate in North Tipperary occurred at the

in Precarious childhood in post-independence Ireland

Rooms’ in November 1845.37 Rosse’s liberality was praised at a meeting of the Mechanics Institute, which he supported with an annual grant of £100. Sixty-eight pupils had attended, but it was a disappointing number, and 460 books were lent during the year.38 Workhouse Under the Poor Law (Ireland) Act (1838), a large area consisting of part of the King’s County and part of North Tipperary was designated Parsonstown Poor Law Union. The union area extended from the Slieve King’s County Chronicle, 15 October 1845. Nenagh Guardian, 18 March 1845. 37 King’s County

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse

disturbances stretching from south and mid Clare through most of Limerick county, north and mid Cork and also including south Tipperary and much of Waterford. The evidence suggests less unrest in north Clare and north Tipperary as well as a more extensive zone in south-west Munster, all areas characterised by a very small settler population to begin with. A second, large and strikingly compact zone of settler dislocation comprises much of mid-Leinster, stretching from Dublin westwards through Kildare to King’s county (Offaly) and Queen’s (Laois) and also including the

in Ireland, 1641