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Addressing the consequences of conflict and trauma in Northern Ireland
Author: David Bolton

Conflict poses considerable challenges for services that support communities, and in particular those affected by violence. This book describes the work undertaken in Omagh against the background of the most recent period of violent conflict in Ireland, and specifically it draws upon the work following the Omagh bombing. The bombing came just four months after the Northern Ireland peace agreement, known formally as the Belfast Agreement of 1998, and more informally as the Good Friday Agreement. The book describes the impact of the bomb and the early responses. Local trade unions, employers and the business community played key roles at times, particularly in underlining the need for solidarity and in identifying themselves with the desire for peace. The book looks at the outcome of needs-assessments undertaken following the Omagh bombing. The efforts to understand the mental health and related impact of the violence associated with the Troubles in Northern Ireland over the period 1969 to 2015 are focused in detail. The later efforts to build services for the benefit of the wider population are described, drawing upon the lessons gained in responding to the Omagh bombing. The developments in therapy, in training and education, and in research and advocacy are described with reference to the work of the Northern Ireland Centre for Trauma and Transformation (NICTT). The book draws together key conclusions about the approaches that could be taken to address mental health and well-being as an essential component of a peace-building project.

Abstract only
Chris Gilligan

classical composer James MacMillan compared Scotland to Northern Ireland, and sparked off a major debate about sectarianism in Scotland, in 1999, more than a year after the Northern Ireland Peace Agreement.33 Before 1998 Northern Ireland was treated as a place apart, and when anyone cared to mention Scotland and Northern Ireland in the same sentence in public it was usually in order to emphasise how different Scotland was to its UK neighbour across the Irish Sea. In England, Scotland and Wales it is now possible to be critical of UK policy towards Irish Republicanism

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism
David Bolton

Ireland peace agreement, known formally as the Belfast Agreement ( 1998 ) and more informally as the Good Friday Agreement. The Agreement had been signed by the British and Irish Governments, with the support and agreement of most of the political parties in Northern Ireland, and the support of the United States of America. The bombing had been carried out by two proscribed Irish republican groups, the Real IRA (Irish Republican

in Conflict, peace and mental health
Kosovo prior to 1999
Naomi Head

by the Russian/Chechen Accords and the Northern Ireland Peace Agreement. 66 The main reason for Kosovo’s lack of republic status appeared to be the Yugoslav constitutional distinction which determined that nations, not nationalities, should have republic status. ‘Nationalities’ such as Albanians were deemed

in Justifying violence