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Jordan Kistler

The existing canon of scholarship on Dracula asserts that the sexually aggressive female vampires are representative of the New Woman, and thus are evidence of Stoker’s conservative reaction to changing gender roles. In contrast, this article offers a reinterpretation Dracula in the light of key writings of the New Woman movement which sought to demonize the Victorian marriage market because of its creation of a class of female parasites: idle middle-class woman entirely dependent on fathers and husbands. A close reading of key sections of the novel demonstrates that the female vampires are characterized as traditionally subordinate Victorian housewives, in contrast to the positive presentation of Mina Harker as a New Woman. This reading reveals a text that argues that work for women is the only antidote to the degeneration inherent in traditional womanhood, through which women are reduced to nothing more than their biological functions.

Gothic Studies
Margaret Harkness and Olive Schreiner
Angharad Eyre

Socialism, suffering, and religious mystery 9 •• Socialism, suffering, and religious mystery: Margaret Harkness and Olive Schreiner Angharad Eyre In 1888, in To-day, Margaret Harkness published an allegory, ‘The Gospel of Getting On’, which suggested that socialists were the only true nineteenth-century Christians. She dedicated the allegory to Olive Schreiner, the South African author famous for The Story of An African Farm (1883), whom she had met during the 1880s in London. Harkness encountered Schreiner’s writing within a wider context of a society that

in Margaret Harkness
Open Access (free)
The adolescent girl and the nation
Elleke Boehmer

BOEHMER Makeup 3/22/05 2:55 PM Page 106 John's G5:Users:john:Public:John's Mac: John's Job 6 Daughters of the house: the adolescent girl and the nation till I have been delivered I will deliver no one (Olive Schreiner, The Story of an African Farm)1 In relation to the national son, the self-defining inheritor of the post-independence era and the protagonist of the nation-shaping narrative, the female child is a – if not the – non-subject within the national family romance. Revealingly, if paradoxically, given that her self-determination has been in

in Stories of women
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Writing social engagement 1880–1921

This volume is the first to bring together research on the life and work of the author, activist, and traveller Margaret Harkness, who wrote under the pseudonym ‘John Law’. The collection contextualises Harkness’s political project of observing and recording the lives and priorities of the working classes and urban poor alongside the broader efforts of philanthropists, political campaigners, journalists, and novelists who sought to bring the plight of marginalised communities to light at the end of the nineteenth century. It argues for a recognition of Harkness’s importance in providing testimony to the social and political crises that led to the emergence of British socialism and labour politics during this period. This collection includes considerations of Harkness’s work in London’s East End at the end of the nineteenth century, but moves into the twentieth century and beyond Britain’s borders to examine the significance of her global travel for the purpose of investigating international political trends. This collection gives substance to women’s social engagement and political involvement in a period prior to their formal enfranchisement, and offers insight into the ways this effected shifts in literary style and subject. In offering a detailed picture of Harkness’s own life and illuminating the lives and work of her contemporaries, this volume enriches critical understanding of the complex and dynamic world of the long nineteenth century.

South Africa in the post-imperial metropole
Laura Chrisman

-century feminist Olive Schreiner, the Ruth First prison memoirs, Steve Biko’s collection of writings. The topical interest in South African political activists Steve Biko and Ruth First was compounded by their rendition into film: these publications were timed to coincide with the release of biopics, Richard Attenborough’s Cry Freedom and Chris Menges’s A World Apart. I focus here on the cultural labour of blurb writers. Their efforts to render non-commercial books into cross-over commodities – and, more generally, to make South Africa resonate with metropolitan white

in Postcolonial contraventions
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The solitary odyssey of M. E. Harkness
Terry Elkiss

, including Clementina Black, Amy Levy, Eleanor Marx, Olive Schreiner and Annie Besant.2 By the following year, Harkness had embarked upon a new direction, expanding beyond her ascribed nursing responsibilities. She now sought to express herself publicly on various issues through her published writings. Harkness’s earliest known articles, ‘Women as Civil Servants’ (1881a) and ‘Railway Labour’ (1881b), both appeared in the respected liberal journal the Nineteenth Century. The two essays revealed her concern for 20 A law unto herself the position of working men and women

in Margaret Harkness
Relief, reconstruction and disputes over civilian suffering in the Anglo-Boer War, 1899–1902
Rebecca Gill

for freedom’, a ‘sacrifice’ which must not now be tarnished by ‘withholding from others in your control the very liberties and rights which you have valued and won for yourselves’. 62 Hobhouse was prevented by ill health from appearing in person, and her script (written under her friend Olive Schreiner’s meticulous guidance and containing flashes of Schreiner’s greater

in Calculating compassion
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Pan-African Revolutionary
Maureen Isaacson

’État (1970) and Portugal’s Wars in Africa (1971). Her co-authored books include Olive Schreiner (1980) with Ann Scott, and the posthumous Black Gold (1983). First assisted in editing Nelson Mandela’s essays collected in No Easy Walk to Freedom (1967), Govan Mbeki’s The Peasants’ Revolt (1967) and Kenyan politician Oginga Odinga’s autobiography, Not Yet Uhuru (1968). With Ronald Segal, she edited South West Africa: Travesty of Trust (1967). 23 Several Ruth Firsts, One Principle Writing about her

in The Pan-African Pantheon
Religion against the South African War
Greg Cuthbertson

Schreiner, whose writings often found their way into his preaching. She and her brother, Cronwright Schreiner, became firm friends of the Lloyds, and Olive was able to help John Lloyd through a period of great intellectual and spiritual introspection. In 1894 Lloyd moved to Bree Street Presbyterian church in Johannesburg, where he remained until the end of the South African War. Olive

in The South African War reappraised
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The English novel and the world
Elleke Boehmer

imaginative complicity with colonial and metropolitan perspectives, even despite the modernist interrogations of inherited knowledge of a Virginia Woolf or a W.B. Yeats. ‘Self-criticism’ in many cases produced no more than ‘self-repetition’.6 Aliens – whether colonial travellers, anthropological exhibits or foreign products – consistently feature in Anglo-British writing from across this long time-span as figures on the edge, whereas in work by writers with colonial co-ordinates like Joseph Conrad or Olive Schreiner, Olaudah Equiano or J.E. Casely Hayford, the alien or the

in End of empire and the English novel since 1945