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Purchasing, consumption and innovation
Ken Green, Barbara Morton, and Steve New

9 Greening organisations: purchasing, consumption and innovation Ken Green, Barbara Morton and Steve New In this chapter we examine some previously ignored connections between processes of organisational purchasing and innovation in the context of the greening of organisations. We build an argument around the idea of consumption and we do so to problematise explicitly the issue of collective agency as it relates to organisations. In developing the argument, we ask: who is the consumer and what do consumers do? Despite the thriving field of research in

in Innovation by demand
Abstract only
Megan Smitley

1 The organisations Women’s organisations in the 1870 to 1914 period were characterised by a vigorous community of public-spirited women. This community of middle-class public women generated influential inter-organisational networks, networks which were mapped using a database of organisational membership and which cross-pollinated the policies of women’s temperance, suffrage and Liberal organisations. That is, individual women’s membership to multiple organisations, either simultaneously or at different periods during their reforming careers, made an important

in The feminine public sphere
Abstract only
Gordon Pirie

aviation. Brancker did so at the court and livery dinner of the Worshipful Company of Woolmen in 1928. The following year, the President of the Royal Aeronautical Society also centred his hopes on a curt assessment of Britain’s human resources: Anglo-Saxons had a peculiar aptitude for flying, he said. 11 Beyond Whitehall, and away from the science-and-snacks circuit, two imperial organisations kept up

in Air empire
Nigel D. White

This chapter explains what an inter-governmental organisation (IGO) is and why the UN is the leading example. A contrast will be made with other forms of organisation, particularly the supranational integration organisation (principally the EU). This chapter also defines the law of international organisations as the law governing, applicable to and produced by such organisations, and explains how this is best studied through a focus on the UN and related IGOs. The method used in the book is explained. This is not over-theorised given the textbook nature of the

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
The dynamics of compound bureaucracies

This book introduces international bureaucracy as a key field of study for public administration and also rediscovers international bureaucracy as an essential ingredient in the study of international organizations. Firstly, the book systematically compares behavioural dynamics within a carefully selected number of international bureaucracies. The focus is on studying these dynamics within international bureaucracies at the actor level - that is, by studying the behaviour and roles as perceived by the officials themselves. The book outlines a conceptual map of four generic behavioural dynamics that are likely to be evoked by these officials: intergovernmental, supranational, departmental and epistemic dynamics. Essentially, the Westphalian international order dominated by the intergovernmental dynamic is challenged to the extent that international bureaucracies embed supranational, departmental and epistemic dynamics in everyday decision-making processes. Admittedly, there are no guarantees that these dynamics always materialise in the actors' behaviour and ultimately in the decisions reached by international organisations. However, they serve as cognitive and normative frames for action, rendering it more likely than not that particular decision-making dynamics are associated with certain behavioural patterns. Secondly, the book illuminates some causal factors that may help to explore the conditions under which different behavioural dynamics are manifested in the behavioural and role perceptions of the incumbents of international bureaucracies. Essentially, the authors do not propose to 'test' the four dynamics outlined above in a rigorous manner. They serve more as 'searchlights for illuminating empirical patterns in our data'.

John Williamson and Martin Cloonan

18 1 Musicians’ organisations before 1893 We begin by contextualising the work and organisation of musicians in Britain prior to the formation of the AMU in 1893.1 To do so, we consider the challenges facing those working as musicians. These have long centred on the low pay and social status conferred upon professional musicians. Indeed, the very notion of music as work has often proved problematic, and work as a full-time (and adequately paid) musician has generally been attainable for only a small, elite group of musicians. The others have formed an often

in Players’ work time
Steven Fielding

2 Labour’s organisational culture The purpose of this chapter is to establish the institutional context for Labour’s response to cultural change.1 It surveys the character of the party’s organisation and the nature of its membership on the verge of the 1960s, and in particular highlights the activities and assumptions of those most responsible for the party’s well-being. Before that can be done, however, it is necessary to outline Labour’s organisational structure and identify some of the issues to which it gave rise. The basic unit in all 618 constituency

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Nigel D. White

While the primary rules of international law are those norms applicable to IGOs in their decisions and operations, such as those rules governing the use of force or those protecting human rights, secondary rules of responsibility are concerned with the consequences of breach of those rules by an organisation, sometimes known as liability, although liability ‘has a broader meaning; it also refers to acts that are not unlawful (but cause damage)’. 1 IGOs possessing separate international legal personality are responsible for their internationally wrongful acts

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
Perspectives from the Neary and Halappanavar cases
Heike Felzmann

12 Governance failures and organisational ethics: perspectives from the Neary and Halappanavar cases Heike Felzmann Introduction While the majority of the professional healthcare ethics literature and in particular professional guidance documents focus primarily on individual accountability and responsibilities of healthcare professionals towards patients, colleagues and the public, the significance of the organisational context for ethical behaviour is considered much less frequently. Yet, in official reports on high profile Irish cases, such as the Lourdes

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Directors and members
Martha Doyle

5 Older people’s interest organisations: directors and members As outlined in Chapter 1, there is a tendency in the academic literature to examine the politics of old age and the work of older people’s interest organisations at the macro level. Attention is usually given to the issue of influence in the context of specific policy initiatives rather than extending the analysis to explore the broader panoply of work in which they engage and the internal dimensions of the organisations’ operations. This chapter seeks to address this deficiency by exploring the

in The politics of old age