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Army, Medicine, and Modernity in WWI Germany

This book is a critical examination of the relationships between war, medicine, and the pressures of modernization in the waning stages of the German Empire. Through her examination of wartime medical and scientific innovations, government and military archives, museum and health exhibitions, philanthropic works, consumer culture and popular media, historian Heather Perry reveals how the pressures of modern industrial warfare did more than simply transform medical care for injured soldiers—they fundamentally re-shaped how Germans perceived the disabled body. As the Empire faced an ever more desperate labour shortage, military and government leaders increasingly turned to medical authorities for assistance in the re-organization of German society for total war. Thus, more than a simple history of military medicine or veteran care, Recycling the Disabled tells the story of the medicalization of modern warfare in Imperial Germany and the lasting consequences of this shift in German society.

Abstract only
Mobilisation, militarisation, and medicalisation in WWI Germany
Heather R. Perry

signed an armistice with the Entente Powers on November 11, 1918. This might prompt some scholars to conclude, then, that the recycling of disabled soldiers in war-time Germany was ineffective. But this study was never intended to be a history of how Germany lost (or might have won) the war. Rather, this book has concentrated on revealing the unique medical processes which were set in motion in Germany as a direct result of the First World War. The specialisation of orthopaedics, the revolution in artificial limb design, the creation of modern rehabilitation, and the

in Recycling the disabled
The re-orientation of German orthopaedics
Heather R. Perry

1 HEALING THE WAR-DISABLED: THE RE-ORIENTATION OF GERMAN ORTHOPAEDICS Its goal is to place modern orthopaedic techniques of splint-setting and fracture bandaging, treatments for joint fractures, physical therapy, and the fitting of new prostheses, etc in the service of the military. (Dr Fritz Lange, War Orthopaedics, 1915)1 The war opened up whole new areas of specialty for orthopaedics. The treatment of gunshot fractures, their traction, methods of transport, their subsequent straightening, were all challenges which placed high demands on orthopaedic

in Recycling the disabled
Open Access (free)
Medicine, care and rehabilitation
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

was ‘cured’ of a compound fracture of the ankle by the amputation of his leg, while Samuel Adlam, forty-two years old, was treated for a crushed hand through the amputation of his first finger.59 The limited skills of some colliery surgeons, and the more general inability of orthopaedics to carry out the complex repairs to limbs that came in the post-war period, meant that amputation was often the easiest or, indeed, the only option. The medical view, which did not extend beyond MEDIC ALIS ING MINERS ? 75 the immediate situation to consider the personal and

in Disability in industrial Britain
Abstract only
War and medicine in World War I Germany
Heather R. Perry

orthopaedics in Germany and outlines how the war prompted its practitioners to re-orient their field – a re-orientation that resulted not only in their medical specialisation, but also catapulted them significantly into the public’s and the military’s eyes. It follows with a look at how the high rates of injury to extremities among the nation’s soldiers inspired a revolution in medical care and prosthetic technology. In recounting these developments, this study demonstrates that in the cases of orthopaedic specialisation and the development of modern artificial limbs the war

in Recycling the disabled
Space, prosthetics and the First World War
Julie Anderson

-​limb making was a highly skilled practice with an established market for provision and repair. Furthermore, it can be reasoned that without the established market and expertise available in Britain before the First World War that technical developments and innovations in design would not have progressed during and after it. Roger Cooter has convincingly argued that ‘crucial to the wartime making of modern orthopaedics was the negotiation and occupation of a political space in medicine for reorganising medical work and power relations generally’.6 This paper contends that

in Rethinking modern prostheses in Anglo-American commodity cultures, 1820–1939
Re-membering the disabled in war-time Germany
Heather R. Perry

pallets. The units carried iron operating tables with them and once quarters had been set up, they could erect an operating room for more serious operations.18 It was to such a field hospital that Fritz Lange had been assigned when the war broke out. And it was for training medical personnel in these medical units that he had written War Orthopaedics. Once a soldier had been treated at a field hospital, he was removed to a stationary hospital [Etappenlazarett]. Stationary hospitals were more permanent structures located in the army corps’ communication areas

in Recycling the disabled
Vanessa Heggie

in the funding and status of orthopaedics, rehabilitation and other medical disciplines also influenced research practice, and the production of specific knowledge about the injured athlete. 10 World War II interrupted the patterns of much of this research, but it also provided a valuable opportunity for British sport (and thus sports medicine) in the form of the London Olympics of 1948, coinciding almost to the day with the introduction of a nationalised health service. Olympic medical provision had become more comprehensive in 1932 at Los Angeles with the

in A history of British sports medicine
Re-casting the ‘cripple’ in war-time Germany
Heather R. Perry

4 INVENTING DISABILITY: RE-CASTING THE ‘CRIPPLE’ IN WAR-TIME GERMANY Through a tireless campaign of enlightenment it has been possible in the past year to plant in the minds of those even in the remotest regions of the nation, the crucial importance of the physical training of the disabled. Throughout the land sentimental pity for them has yielded to our campaign, even among the wounded themselves. (Konrad Biesalski, 1916)1 In 1915, the same year that Fritz Lange issued War Orthopaedics, his medical guide for military doctors, Konrad Biesalski published a

in Recycling the disabled
Gunshot wounds and their treatment in the British Civil Wars
Stephen M. Rutherford

Wiseman collaborated with his fellow surgeons is discussed in detail in M. McVaugh, ‘Richard Wiseman and the medical practitioners of Restoration London’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 62:2 (2007), 125–40. G. Ballingall, Outlines of Military Surgery (Edinburgh: A&C Black, 1844), pp. 215–16. P. Hernigou, ‘Ambroise Paré’s life (1510–1590): part I’, International Orthopaedics, 37:3 (2013), 543–7; P.  Hernigou, ‘Ambroise Paré III: Paré’s contributions to surgical instruments and surgical instruments at the time of Ambroise Paré’, International

in Battle-scarred