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British settlement in the dominions between the wars

Professor Drummond's two pioneering studies, British Economic Policy and the Empire 1919-1939, 1972, and Imperial Economic Policy 1917-1939, 1974, helped to revive interest in Empire migration and other aspects of inter-war imperial economic history. This book concentrates upon the attempts to promote state-assisted migration in the post-First World War period particularly associated with the Empire Settlement Act of 1922. It examines the background to these new emigration experiments, the development of plans for both individual and family migration, as well as the specific schemes for the settlement of ex-servicemen and of women. Varying degrees of encouragement, acquiescence and resistance with which they were received in the dominions, are discussed. After the First World War there was a striking reorientation of state policy on emigration from the United Kingdom. A state-assisted emigration scheme for ex-servicemen and ex-servicewomen, operating from 1919 to 1922, was followed by an Empire Settlement Act, passed in 1922. This made significant British state funding available for assisted emigration and overseas land settlement in British Empire countries. Foremost amongst the achievements of the high-minded imperial projects was the free-passage scheme for ex-servicemen and women which operated between 1919 and 1922 under the auspices of the Oversea Settlement Committee. Cheap passages were considered as one of the prime factors in stimulating the flow of migration, particularly in the case of single women. The research represented here makes a significant contribution to the social histories of these states as well as of the United Kingdom.

Single female migration and the Empire Settlement Act, 1922–1930
Janice Gothard

Female migration was an immediate priority of the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC), the British government body dealing with Empire migration from its establishment in 1919. Before the war, the migration of single women to the dominions had been extensively assisted both by private women’s migration societies and the dominion governments themselves. With the findings of

in Emigrants and empire
A dominion responsibility
Kent Fedorowich

Before 1914 Canada's national immigration policy was based on an economic strategy designed to develop its primary resource sector. The emphasis on agriculture and Ottawa's firm control over all aspects of immigration, colonisation and settlement ensured the pursuit of a consistent economic development policy. Dr A. M. Forbes argued that a policy of agricultural reconstruction based upon the resettlement of returning veterans would do more to stabilise Canadian society than any other reconstruction policy. The 1917 Act had restricted the soldiers' choice to dominion land in western Canada. In May 1919, Arthur Meighen introduced the new legislation which contained a number of changes to make the scheme more attractive and thus induce more men to settle. The appointment of Lieutenant-Colonel K. C. Bedson as the Soldier Settlement Board's (SSB's) overseas representative in February 1919 coincided with Sir Alfred Milner's reconstitution of the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC).

in Unfit for heroes
Kent Fedorowich

purchase for Settlement purposes’. Its primary concern was the scientific and ‘systematic introduction of the old strain of British blood on a scale which (would) ensure the predominance of the white race’ in South Africa. 69 Crewe, in extending an invitation to the Oversea Settlement Committee to attend the inaugural meeting of the London committee in August 1920, emphasised that the 1820 Association was

in Unfit for heroes
Open Access (free)
Empire, migration and the 1928 English Schoolgirl Tour
Katie Pickles

that the Oversea Settlement Committee of the Colonial Office suggested to the SOSBW that it consider the possibility of a tour to Canada for English schoolgirls. As the SOSBW contemplated which women’s organizations it would approach for help in Canada, an IODE national executive officer, Miss Arnoldi, surreptitiously visited the SOSBW offices as part of a visit to England. 16

in Female imperialism and national identity
Kent Fedorowich

free-passage scheme for ex-servicemen and women which operated between 1919 and 1922 under the auspices of the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC), established in January 1919 and itself a creation of wartime imperial co-operation. This chapter is concerned, first, to explore and explain the origins of the scheme within the ideological and political context analysed in the previous chapter by Keith Williams; and

in Emigrants and empire
Edna Bradlow

’s post-war emigration plans began to emerge. As described earlier in this book, one consequence of the Haggard mission, of the Dominions Royal Commission and of the Tennyson Committee report 35 was, ultimately, the establishment at the Colonial Office of the Oversea Settlement Committee. 36 An immediate task for the committee was to ensure a flow of British ex-servicemen and women and their dependents

in Emigrants and empire
Abstract only
Empire migration and imperial harmony
Stephen Constantine

establishment in 1919 of the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC); its advisory functions were taken over by the Oversea Settlement Board (OSB) in 1936. It was chaired usually by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Colonial Office (from 1926 at the Dominions Office), and manned by representatives from the Colonial (or Dominions) Office and from other government departments, for example, the Ministry of

in Emigrants and empire
The politics of Empire settlement, 1900–1922
Keith Williams

they have exercised in the past’. 53 After inconclusive soundings on the state of the British labour market, the efforts of the new committee – which was chaired by Amery and soon re-christened the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC) – were largely devoted during 1919 to the promotion of emigration by ex-servicemen and single women, areas of potential state assistance

in Emigrants and empire
Labour colonies and the Empire
John Field

Milner to the Colonial Office, the former as Under-Secretary, the latter as Secretary of State. Haggard by now was more worried about the threat of communism, though Lloyd George had him knighted for his services on the Empire Settlement Committee. But Haggard was ageing, and had never been much of a political force. Amery by contrast was an adept and energetic politician who used his position to steer the Oversea Settlement Committee (OSC) into areas where the state might extend its support, such as the emigration of veterans, and leading the Empire Settlement Act

in Working men’s bodies