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A road to nowhere
Harsh V. Pant

6 India and Pakistan: a road to nowhere The surprise invitation to Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, along with other South Asian leaders, by the newly elected Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, to his government’s inauguration in May 2014 had led some to hope that this might be a new beginning in India–Pakistan relations. But that was not to be. The Indian Foreign Secretary was scheduled to travel to Islamabad for talks with her Pakistani counterpart in August 2014, the first meeting at this level since September 2012. India decided to call off these

in Indian foreign policy
Challenges, conundrum and resolution
Muhammad Feyyaz

Introduction Pakistan has achieved a number of important successes in its bid to curb domestic terrorism. 1 Some analysts have described the country's counterterrorism struggle as a success attributed to the predominant role of the military. 2 Indeed, the degree of security produced by the military-led counterterrorism (CT) campaign is noteworthy; it is equally true that this effort has concomitantly been subverted by other important actors in the social and political arena. 3 The prevailing environment can be conceptually termed as an

in Non-Western responses to terrorism

This book deals with the evolution, current status and potential of U.S.–India strategic cooperation. From very modest beginnings, the U.S.–India strategic partnership has developed significantly over the decade 2010–20. In considerable part this growth has stemmed from overlapping concerns about the rise and assertiveness of the People’s Republic of China as well as the instability of Pakistan. Despite the emergence of this partnership, however, significant differences remain. Some of them stem from Cold War legacies, others from divergent global strategic interests and from differences in institutional design. Despite these areas of discord, the overall trajectory of the relationship appears promising. Increased cooperation in several sectors of the relationship and closer policy coordination underscore a deepening of the relationship, while fundamental differences in national approaches to strategic challenges demand flexibility and compromise in the future.

The case of the management of the dead related to COVID-19
Ahmed Al-Dawoody

This article studies one of the humanitarian challenges caused by the COVID-19 crisis: the dignified handling of the mortal remains of individuals that have died from COVID-19 in Muslim contexts. It illustrates the discussion with examples from Sunni Muslim-majority states when relevant, such as Egypt, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco and Pakistan, and examples from English-speaking non-Muslim majority states such as the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada and Australia as well as Sri Lanka. The article finds that the case of the management of dead bodies of people who have died from COVID-19 has shown that the creativity and flexibility enshrined in the Islamic law-making logic and methodology, on the one hand, and the cooperation between Muslim jurists and specialised medical and forensic experts, on the other, have contributed to saving people’s lives and mitigating the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Muslim contexts.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

–military engagement in the 2010 floods in Pakistan, Madiwale and Virk (2011) find that national militaries are frequently first responders in disasters, rather than only supplementing civilian responses. Forestier, Cox and Horne (2016) provide an analysis of civil–military coordination in the 2014–16 Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone and draw an overall positive picture of coordination, which can in part be explained by military and humanitarian responders having closely aligned goals in that response. This is one of the few publications that is explicit about positive outcomes of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

, Afghanistan and Pakistan. I discovered very different security practices and cultures, reflecting the experience of each head of mission. There was no MdM ‘security method’. Different heads of mission used different tools and had different security rules and levels of risk-taking. In Kabul, some of the expats would go jogging in a nearby park, while in Islamabad even walking on the street was prohibited. Each team’s perception of security reflected the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

Scale of Russia’s Troll Farm ’, Vice , 22 August 22 , https://news.vice.com/en_ca/article/594ekk/iran-russia-facebook-twitter-disinformation (accessed 28 September 2018) . Goldman , R. ( 2016 ), ‘ Reading Fake News, Pakistani Minister Directs Nuclear Threat at Israel ’, New York Times , www.nytimes.com/2016/12/24/world/asia/pakistan-israel-khawaja-asif-fake-news-nuclear.html?_r=0 (accessed 8 August 2018) . Guess , A. , Nyhan , B. and Reifler , J. ( 2018 ), ‘ All

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

four carers ( MSF, 2016a ). In August 2016, a strike on a hospital run by MSF in Yemen left eleven dead and nineteen injured ( MSF, 2016b ). The bombing of al-Quds hospital in Aleppo killed at least twenty people ( Al Jazeera, 2016a ), and a terrorist bombing targeting a hospital in Quetta in Pakistan killed at least seventy people ( Al Jazeera, 2016b ). In 2015, 287 humanitarian aid workers were estimated to have been attacked, 109 killed and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

received in Africa. The [late Kenyan] professor Calestous Juma once said that ‘For every African problem, there is a Brazilian solution.’ This is of course an exaggeration, but Brazil is generally well received in Africa. So we have potential to make a positive contribution – more than many other countries. We don’t face any serious external threats. India, for example, has an ongoing conflict with Pakistan, and it has had confrontations with China. South Africa doesn’t have the size, nor is it well located geographically. There is going to be a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

tend to consider as needs that which is on their list of services, as Marion Péchayre’s survey in Pakistan shows ( Lachenal et al. , 2014 ). As the author points out, the concept of need is relational, in the sense that it depends on who is expressing it and who is evaluating it. Impartiality consists of the completely sensible and respectable assertion of one’s commitment to be fair, reflected in actions that vary according to the preferences

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs