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Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

. Audiences, participants and public/s When many people first think about communicating their research they can sometimes be motivated by the desire to reach ‘the general public’. In fact, in research communication settings, as in many others, it has become uncommon to refer to a singular public; rather, it is recognised that participants in research communication come from a variety of backgrounds, communities, experiences and perspectives, and the idea of one exclusive and singular public is therefore problematic. In the past many researchers and communicators

in Creative research communication
Bert Ingelaere

is that such a case illustrates a Rwandan way of communicating that only makes sense when one takes into account the dialectic of speech/silence as discussed in the previous section. Indeed, one could say that ‘the truth was out there’ that day, in some expressive form, situated in the midst of the participants in that particular gacaca session. The trial participants on that hill that day deterritorialised the gacaca assemblage in their way. In doing so, they deterritorialised the assemblage when looked at from the perspective of its design. They

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Claire Nally

Whilst the focus of much criticism has addressed goth as a subculture, considerably less attention has been given to the gendered status of marketing and advertising in subcultural magazines, whilst ‘glossy’ goth magazines have enjoyed little concerted analysis at all. Subcultures are frequently represented by participants and critics as ‘idyllic’ spaces in which the free play of gender functions as distinct from the ‘mainstream’ culture. However, as Brill (2008), Hodkinson (2002) and Spooner (2004) have identified, this is unfortunately an idealistic critical position. Whilst goth men may embrace an ‘androgynous’ appearance, goth women frequently espouse a look which has much in common with traditional feminine values. Slippages between subcultural marketing and mainstream advertising are frequent and often neotraditional in their message regarding masculinity and femininity. In using critiques of postfeminism alongside subcultural theory, I seek to reevaluate how gender functions in these publications. By close inspection of scene representations of ‘goth’ in the twenty-first-century through magazines such as Gothic Beauty (US), Unscene and Devolution (UK), as well as interviews with participants, I argue women’s goth fashion, sexuality and body image often (but not exclusively) represent a hyperfemininity which draws from conventional ideas of womanhood.

Gothic Studies
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

-first century, particularly the normalisation of crisis and displacement and the recurrent themes of food security, famine and drought. Each session was introduced by brief reflections from two practitioners and an academic, followed by a guided open discussion, bringing in participants from the floor and lasting approximately an hour and a half in each case. Brief outlines of the session themes, including questions for reflection, were circulated

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Swedish Sex Education in 1970s London
Adrian Smith

In 1974 the British Board of Film Censors refused to grant a certificate to the Swedish documentary More About the Language of Love (Mera ur Kärlekens språk, 1970, Torgny Wickman, Sweden: Swedish Film Production), due to its explicit sexual content. Nevertheless, the Greater London Council granted the film an ‘X’ certificate so that it could be shown legally in cinemas throughout the capital. This article details the trial against the cinema manager and owners, after the film was seized by police under the charge of obscenity, and explores the impact on British arguments around film censorship, revealing a range of attitudes towards sex and pornography. Drawing on archival records of the trial, the widespread press coverage as well as participants’ subsequent reflections, the article builds upon Elisabet Björklund’s work on Swedish sex education films and Eric Schaefer’s scholarship on Sweden’s ‘sexy nation’ reputation to argue that the Swedish films’ transnational distribution complicated tensions between educational and exploitative intentions in a particularly British culture war over censorship.

Film Studies
Theory and practice

Considering how to communicate your research or engage others with the latest science, social science or humanities research? This book explores new and emerging approaches to engaging people with research, placing these in the wider context of research communication. Split into three sections, Creative Research Communication explores the historical routes and current drivers for public engagement, before moving on to explore practical approaches and finally discussing ethical issues and the ways in which research communication can contribute to research impact.

Starting from the premise that researchers can and ought to participate in the public sphere, this book provides practical guidance and advice on contributing to political discourse and policymaking, as well as engaging the public where they are (whether that is at the theatre, at a music festival or on social media). By considering the plurality of publics and their diverse needs and interests, it is quite possible to find a communications niche that neither offers up bite-sized chunks of research, nor conceptualises the public as lacking the capacity to consider the myriad of issues raised by research, but explains and considers thoughtfully the value of research endeavours and their potential benefits to society.

It’s time for researchers to move away from one-size fits all, and embrace opportunities for creative approaches to research communication. This book argues for a move away from metrics and tick box approaches and towards approaches that work for you, as an individual researcher, in the context of your own discipline and interests.

Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

that all individuals from refugee backgrounds were poor and/or illiterate in their countries of origin. More importantly, she demonstrates that, through their engagement in digital technology, they are not passive subjects; they continuously exercise their agency. Leung meticulously documents the her participants’ journeys from their countries of origin to their detention or resettlement in Australia. Throughout the book, she provides a vivid personal account of her interaction with them. She

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

participants were sometimes accompanied by a brief summary of their difficult experiences. Some potential participants appeared to be selected predominantly on the basis of their extraordinary experience and ability to cultivate affect. One media officer, who helpfully forwarded me to several participants, suggested one of them to me by mentioning the specific personal losses the interviewee had suffered while working in a field hospital, and well

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

Engaging with Vaccine Trial Participants and Communities in the Setting Up the EBOVAC-Salone Vaccine Trial in Sierra Leone ’, BMC Public Health , 16 , 1140 , doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3799-x . Fanthorpe , R. ( 2006 ) ‘ On the Limits of Liberal Peace: Chiefs and Democratic Decentralization in Post-War Sierra Leone

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

-structured interviews with participants that have a range of experience working or attempting to work in the sanctioned environment, or with intimate knowledge of contemporary humanitarian work in the DPRK were conducted from April to July 2019. Eight individuals from eight different agencies were interviewed, as well as a group interview with three staffers from the same organisation. Public interviews and events, such as a June 2019 event at the Washington DC-based Cato Institute, were also analysed for trends and understanding of sanctions impact. Previous scholarship has

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs