Themes in British social and cultural history, 1700s–1980s
Editors: Alan Kidd and Melanie Tebbutt

This book of essays on British social and cultural history since the eighteenth century draws attention to relatively neglected topics including personal and collective identities, the meanings of place, especially locality, and the significance of cultures of association. The essays capture in various ways the cultural meanings of political and civic life, from their expression in eighteenth-century administrative practices, to the evolving knowledge cultures of county historical societies, the imaginative and material construction of place reputations and struggles to establish medical provision for the working-class in the face of entrenched special interests. They also explore the changing relationship between the state and the voluntary sector in the twentieth-century and the role of popular magazines and the press in mediating and shaping popular opinion in an era of popular democracy. It is of interest that several of the essays take Manchester or Lancashire as their focus. Themes range from rural England in the eighteenth century to the urbanizing society of the nineteenth century; from the Home Front in the First World War to voluntary action in the welfare state; from post 1945 civic culture to the advice columns of teenage magazines and the national press. Various aspects of civil society connect these themes notably: the different identities of place, locality and association that emerged with the growth of an urban environment during the nineteenth century and the shifting landscape of public discourse on social welfare and personal morality in the twentieth-century.

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Regional British television drama, 1956–82

This pioneering study examines regional British television drama from its beginnings on the BBC and ITV in the 1950s to the arrival of Channel Four in 1982. It discusses the ways in which regionalism, regional culture and regional identity have been defined historically, outlines the history of regional broadcasting in the UK, and includes two detailed case studies – of Granada Television and BBC English Regions Drama – representing contrasting examples of regional television drama production during what is often described as the ‘golden age’ of British television. The conclusion brings the study up to date by discussing recent developments in regional drama production, and by considering future possibilities. A Sense of Place is based on original research and draws on interviews by the author with writers, producers, directors and executives including John Finch, Denis Forman, Alan Plater, David Rose, Philip Saville and Herbert Wise. It analyses a wide range of television plays, series and serials, including many previously given little attention such as The Younger Generation (1961), The Villains (1964-65), City ’68 (1967-68), Second City Firsts (1973-78), Trinity Tales (1975) and Empire Road (1978-79). Written in a scholarly but accessible style the book uncovers a forgotten history of British television drama that will be of interest to lecturers and students of television, media and cultural studies, as well as the general reader with an interest in the history of British television.

An archaeological biography

This book provides an abundance of fresh insights into Shakespeare's life in relation to his lost family home, New Place. It first covers the first 6,000 years of the site, from its prehistoric beginnings through its development into a plot within the economic context of early medieval Stratford-upon-Avon, and the construction of the first timber-framed building. The book then describes the construction and distinctive features of Hugh Clopton's brick-and-timber house, the first New Place. Stratford-upon-Avon gave Shakespeare a deeply rooted love of family, loyal neighbours and friends, and although he came to enjoy a prominent social standing there, he probably had little or no time at all for its puritanical side. The book provides a cultural, religious and economic context for Shakespeare's upbringing; education, work, marriage, and early investments up to his son, Hamnet's death, and his father, John Shakespeare, being made a gentleman. It discusses the importance of New Place to Shakespeare and his family during the nineteen years he owned it and spent time there. The book also takes us to just beyond the death of Shakespeare's granddaughter, Elizabeth, Lady Bernard, the last direct descendant of Shakespeare to live in the house. It further gives an account of James Halliwell's acquisition of the site, his archaeology and how New Place has become an important focus for the local community, not least during the 'Dig for Shakespeare'.

Following the demolition of New Place by Francis Gastrell, the site grew in importance to Shakespearian scholars, enthusiasts and (perhaps more importantly) the local community. Shakespeare’s ownership of New Place had irrevocably altered the perception of this plot of land in the hearts and minds of the people of Stratford-upon-Avon, and indeed the world. This chapter

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place
Hugh Clopton’s ‘grete house’ of c. 1483

Some time in the later fifteenth century ( c . 1483), the plot of land at the corner of Chapel Street and Walker’s Street (later Chapel Lane) had come into the possession of Hugh Clopton. He removed almost every trace of the previous buildings and erected his own extensive residence. Hugh Clopton’s ‘grete house’, which soon became known as ‘New Place’, was to become one of

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place

Trinity Church he turns his attention to New Place. He sketches it, and above it writes: ‘This Something by memory and ye description of Shakespears House which was / in Stratford on avon. where he livd and dyed. and his wife after him 1623’ (Simpson, 1952 : 56). The authority of Vertue’s drawing has often been dismissed: it is only a sketch, and one drawn from memory. But whose memory? On the following page of his notebook Vertue

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place

Shakespeare began to take legal possession of New Place, the largest house in the borough, in May 1597. It was a significant personal and professional investment in both monetary and social terms. Stratford-upon-Avon was still reeling from the effects of the two devastating fires of 1594 and 1595, and the cruel winter of 1596–97 had witnessed a high rate of deaths. The poverty

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place
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place 3 Place As I looked around, women came peering curiously out, their fair hair floating in the wind . . . Numbers of women were passing to Lerwick from the distant moss, their creels packed with peats and busy knitting at the same time. (Shetland Archive, D 1/135: Dundee Courier, 31 January 1893) Women in the landscape omen dominated the shetland landscape in the nineteenth century. They outnumbered men, particularly amongst the age groups active outdoors, and this made them much remarked upon by commentators. Women were highly visible and highly

in Myth and materiality in a woman’s world

This book is a wide-ranging survey of the development of mass movements for democracy and workers’ rights in northern England. It surveys movements throughout the whole period, from the first working-class radical societies of the 1790s to trade unions in the 1830s and Chartists and Owenite socialists in the 1840s. It offers a provocative narrative of the privatisation of public space and workers’ dispossession from place, with parallels for contemporary debates about protests in public space and democracy and anti-globalisation movements.

Space and place are central to the strategies and meaning of protest. The book examines the reaction by governments and local authorities, who sought to restrict public and private political meetings, demonstrations and marches. It charts the physical and symbolic conflicts over who had the right to speak and meet in northern England. The Peterloo Massacre of 1819 marked a particularly significant turning point in the relationship between government, local elites and the working classes. Radicals, organised labour and Chartists fought back by challenging their exclusion from public spaces, creating their own sites and eventually constructing their own buildings. They looked to new horizons, including America. This book also examines the relationship of protesters with place. Rural resistance, including enclosure riots, arson and machine-breaking during Luddism in 1812 and the Captain Swing agitation of the early 1830s, demonstrated communities’ defence of their landscape as a place of livelihood and customary rights.

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The social geography of working class housing

Chapter 3 Place: the social geography of working class housing This chapter focuses on the twin modernising forces which reshaped working class neighbourhoods in the period between the 1920s and the mid-1970s: slum clearance and council housing. In terms of design, layout, household space and amenities the suburban council estates of the mid-twentieth century were a vast improvement on the kind of housing occupied by working class families in the pre-First World War period. Yet suburbanisation, arguably, came at a cost. During the 1950s and 1960s sociologists

in The working class in mid-twentieth-century England