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The carved stone balls of Northeast Scotland
Andrew Meirion Jones

6 Images and forms before Plato: the carved stone balls of Northeast Scotland Andrew Meirion Jones Graeco-Roman thinkers cast a long shadow over contemporary approaches to art and representation. In the Republic, written around 375 BCE, Plato imagined humankind as prisoners in a cave able to determine the existence of reality only from the shadowy representations of that reality cast on cave walls. Shadows also figure in another origin story related by the Roman historian Pliny in his Natural History, written between 77 and 79 CE. In a two-part explanation

in Images in the making
Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling

7 Pleonexic tyranny in Plato’s Republic and in the Irish republic You eat what you kill ‘You eat what you kill’ is a phrase coined (as it were) in the City, where its usage articulates the principle of remuneration in the financial sector, amongst bankers, fund managers, traders and brokers, whereby individuals who are responsible for particular lines of business within financial organizations personally get the full financial reward accruing to that business. ‘You eat what you kill’, the ethic of the City and of Wall Street, the ethic of the developer and the

in The domestic, moral and political economies of post-Celtic Tiger Ireland
A. D. Morrison

The letter collections of Greco-Roman antiquity dwarf in total size all of ancient drama or epic combined, but they have received far less attention than (say) the plays of Euripides or the epics of Homer or Virgil. Although classicists have long realised the crucial importance of the order and arrangement of poems into ‘poetry books’ for the reading and reception both of individual poems and the collection as a whole, the importance of order and arrangement in collections of letters and the consequences for their interpretation have long been neglected. This piece explores some of the most important Greek letter collections, such as the Letters attributed to Plato, and examines some of the key problems in studying and editing collections of such ancient letters.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Trevor Curnow

This article explores the origins and early development of the cult of Asclepius. Most of the relevant materials are found in classical literature, although archaeology can also help to shine some light on certain areas. Unsurprisingly, the origins of the cult are quite obscure. A number,of places in ancient Greece competed for the honour of being his birthplace, and there is no conclusive reason for deciding in favour of any of them. One thing that is constant in the stories told about him is that Apollo was usually his father. Another constant in the history of the cult is the practice of incubation. It seems likely that the cult brought together and combined elements of several healing cults that were originally quite separate. The cult emerged at the same time that Hippocratic medicine was developing. A new understanding of the nature of the soul, and the relationship between it and the body was also taking root. It is reasonable to believe that these facts are related, although harder to say exactly how.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Edward H. Wouk

The Morbetto, or Plague in Crete, designed by Raphael and engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi, juxtaposes the pestilence described in Virgils Aeneid with the ruinous state of Romes ancient remains in the Renaissance. This article examines this exceptional collaboration between the artist and engraver in light of early modern medical knowledge of contagion and an emerging discourse on the preservation of Roman ruins. It argues that the tonal properties of engraving and reproducible nature of print are integral to the meaning of the Morbetto, an image in which new artistic creation arises from a cultural landscape dominated by the fragmentary heritage of the past.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
What rough beast?
Series: Irish Society

This book explores the issue of a collective representation of Ireland after the sudden death of the 'Celtic Tiger' and introduces the aesthetic idea that runs throughout. The focus is on the idea articulated by W. B. Yeats in his famous poem 'The Second Coming'. The book also explores the symbolic order and imaginative structure, the meanings and values associated with house and home, the haunted houses of Ireland's 'ghost estates' and the fiscal and moral foundations of the collective household. It examines the sophisticated financial instruments derived from mortgage-backed securities that were a lynchpin of global financialization and the epicentre of the crash, the question of the fiscal and moral foundations of the collective household of Europe. A story about fundamental values and principles of fairness and justice is discussed, in particular, the contemporary conflict that reiterates the ancient Irish mythic story of the Tain. The book suggests correspondences between Plato's Republic and the Irish republic in the deformations and devolution of democracy into tyranny. It traces a red thread from the predicament of the ancient Athenians to contemporary Ireland in terms of the need to govern pleonexia, appetites without limits. The political and economic policies and practices of Irish development, the designation of Ireland's 'tax free zones', are also discussed. Finally, the ideal type of person who has been emerging under the auspices of the neoliberal revolution is imagined.

From Athens to e-democracy
Author: Matt Qvortrup

We live in an age of democracy. Very few people challenge the virtues of ‘government by the people’, yet, politicians and commentators are fond of decrying the ‘crisis of democracy’. How do these views square up? This book provides the answer by surveying the philosophical history of democracy and its critics and by analysing empirical data about citizen participation in Britain and other developed democracies. In addition to analysis of major political thinkers such as Plato, Machiavelli and J.S. Mill, it analyses how modern technology has influenced democracy. Among the issues discussed in the book are why people vote and what determines their decisions. When do citizens get involved in riots and demonstrations? Are spin doctors and designer politics a threat to democracy? Do the mass-media influence our political behaviour?

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Hélène Cixous and the feminine divine
Author: Sal Renshaw

This book is about abundant, generous, other-regarding love. In the history of Western ideas of love, such a configuration has been inseparable from our ideas about divinity and the sacred, often reserved only for God and rarely thought of as a human achievement. The book is a substantial engagement with Cixous's philosophies of love, inviting the reader to reflect on the conditions of subjectivity that just might open us to something like a divine love of the other. It follows this thread in this genealogy of abundant love: the thread that connects the subject of love from fifth-century-b.c.e. Greece and Plato, to the twentieth-century protestant theology of agapic love of Anders Nygren, to the late twentieth-century poetico-philosophy of Hélène Cixous.

Neal Curtis

clearly bears the marks of a divine, absolutist sovereignty, whereas Captain America exemplifies the modern view of sovereignty immanent to the will of the People. Either way, both figures represent the foundation of what is deemed good and yet these heroes are required precisely because this goodness has not yet been fulfilled. Their goodness is our potential or the horizon we move towards. While the secular messianism of Captain America will be analysed in Legitimacy and the Good 15 the next chapter, here I will address the Superman mythology via Plato’s analysis

in Sovereignty and superheroes
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Farewell to ‘Plato’s Cave’
Bryce Evans

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 10/29/2013, SPi 1 Introduction: farewell to ‘Plato’s Cave’ And here Neutrality, harps, art exhibitions, reviews, libels, back-chat, high-tea, cold, no petrol, no light, no coal, no trains; Irish language, partition, propaganda, propaganda, propaganda, rumour, counter-rumour, flat Georgian facades, Guinness, double Irish, single Scotch, sherry, Censors, morals, rain home to all. John Betjeman, 10 January 1941 The military and economic expansion of the state At 11 am, on 3 September 1939, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain

in Ireland during the Second World War