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Technique and the lives of objects in the collection
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

5 Practice: technique and the lives of objects in the collection The history of museums is rich in biographies of collectors, in accounts of the content of collections, and in analyses of the architecture of the buildings that housed them. Within art history and visual studies, the historiography of display is increasingly sophisticated. Sociological approaches are informing a budding history of visitors and visiting. But at the intersection of these fruitful approaches there is a lacuna, in the ‘black box’ of the collection: after they arrive in the museum

in Nature and culture
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Avoiding the ‘big hole with a lot of dead people in it’
Stephen Hobden

, also means that there are possibilities for the social world to be different from the way it is. How things are is contingent, not given. The other set of problems, as we saw in Chapter 4 , relates to questions of power and domination. As discussed in that chapter, a central area for concern for critical theorists has been the operation of power, or how domination operates to maintain an unjust and unequal set of social arrangements. Practice needs to be aware of the forces operating to maintain social relations as they are

in Critical theory and international relations
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Ingvild Bode

Analysing peacekeeping from the vantage point of practice theories comes across as almost intuitive. After all, peacekeeping has long been understood as a practice , meaning that it is not grounded in the UN Charter but has evolved and continues to evolve in changing social and historical contexts and how they are interpreted and performed by various actors across the UN and its member states. This has led to significant shifts in our understanding of what peacekeeping means and what its main purpose is, frequently captured with the image of

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

efforts to assist refugees and it becomes easier to explain policy-makers’ short-termist tendencies. As Miliband put it, ‘The practice of humanitarian aid has been undermined by the fiction – sometimes convenient for donors in the midst of financial stress and host countries concerned about taking in permanent new residents – that the problems they seek to address are temporary’ ( Miliband, 2016 ). 1 Miliband’s solution to this problem was striking in its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Thibault Moulin

exist in virtually all States, and they are usually empowered to intercept and analyse telecommunications. It is necessary to determine, then, if the immemorial and large-scale practice of espionage has resulted in the emergence of new customary rules. In this chapter, I focus on State practice, and I will have the opportunity to analyse opinio juris in the next chapter. It is

in Cyber-espionage in international law
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Producing art, producing art history
Alpesh Kantilal Patel

Practice-led’: producing art, producing art history In this chapter, I explore the range of public artistic events comprising the project Mixing It Up: Queering Curry Mile and Currying Canal Street that I organized in autumn 2007.1 Created by Manchester-based art and music collectives on the basis of my conception of using culture to subvert, confuse, or ‘mix up’ the production of a rationalized Manchester – and thereby (I hoped) potentially shift expectations about the people generally found in Curry Mile and the Gay Village – the public art projects I

in Productive failure
Walking from the mundane to the marvellous
Morag Rose

. Creative walking The walking methods discussed so far use familiar pedestrian practices; however, walking can also be transformed into a creative act. Heddon and Turner ( 2010 ) interview several women walking artists, and membership of the Walking Artists Network (online) illustrates the wealth and diversity of contemporary walking art. The walking art I will focus on has evolved from psychogeography. This was first defined as ‘The study of the precise laws and specific effects of the geographical environment, consciously organised or not, on the

in Mundane Methods

This book contributes to scholarly debates about what peace is and how it can be studied by developing a novel framework and tools for studying peace as relational. Drawing primarily on peace and conflict research and sociology, it defines relational peace as entailing non-domination, deliberation, and cooperation between actors in a dyad, that the actors recognize and trust each other, and that they conceive their relationship as one between fellows or friends. The book provides tools for empirical studies of relational peace and applies the framework in several sites: Cyprus, Cambodia, South Africa, Abkhazia, Transnistria/Russia, Colombia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Myanmar. It shows how the framework can be applied across cases, actors, geographical locations, levels of analysis, types of data, and stages of peace processes. The book offers guidance on how to use the framework empirically with a variety of methods. Each case study in the book also makes unique contributions to specific literatures, such as civil–military relations, frozen peacebuilding, nation-building, mediation, arts-based peacebuilding initiatives, post-war elite studies, ideational analysis, and post-Soviet studies and everyday peace. The book offers nuanced understandings of peace in particular settings and illustrates the multifaceted nature of peaceful relations. It shows how relationships are formed though repeated interactions, exchanges, and practices. The book also demonstrates that studying how actors understand these relationships is key for analyzing the nature of peace and its dynamic and processual character. By depicting relational peace practices, the book expands the field of studying peace beyond the absence of war.

This book explores how skilled nursing practice develop to become an essential part of the modern health system. It traces the history and development of nursing practice in Europe and North America. The book explores two broad categories of nursing work: the 'hands-on' clinical work of nurses in hospitals and the work of nurses in public health, which involved health screening, health education and public health crisis management. Until the end of the eighteenth century sick children were, for the most part, cared for at home and, if admitted to hospital, were cared for alongside adults. Around 1900 the baby wards of the children's hospitals had a poor reputation because of their high mortality rates due to poor hygiene, malnutrition and insufficient knowledge of child and infant healthcare . The book relates particular experiences of Australian and New Zealand nurses during World War I, With a focus on 'the life of a consumptive' in early twentieth-century Ireland, it examine the experiences of the sanatorium patient. sanatorium nursing. As sanatoria became a special division of public health, sanatorium nursing developed as a branch of nursing distinct from other branches. An analysis of public health and nursing issues during the cholera epidemic shows the changes in the city's health administration and the nursing system after the epidemic. The nurses' work with schoolchildren, coal miners and migrant workers is also examined against the backdrop of economic, social, political, racial and healthcare forces.

Beatrix Futák-Campbell

1 Studying practitioners’ practices Practice theory is a diverse and constantly evolving body of ideas regarding the nature of social action, transcending a variety of disciplines in the social sciences. In this chapter, I trace the evolution of the practice turn, from the seminal work The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory (Schatzki et al., 2001) to a more recent application in the field of IR (Pouliot, 2010; Adler and Pouliot 2011) and EU studies (Adler-Niessen, 2016). In the process, I illustrate the different debates and discussions that have guided the

in Practising EU foreign policy