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Eugenics and birth control in Johannesburg, 1930-40
Susanne Klausen

Only the nobler, more intelligent, energetic and healthier citizens of the present should be the ancestors of future generations. 2 (H. B. Fantham, from a lecture presented to the Race Welfare Society, 14 August 1930) The State needs all the good children it can

in Science and society in southern Africa
Editor: Saul Dubow

The history and sociology of science has not been well developed in southern Africa as compared to India, Australia or Latin America. This book deals with case studies drawn from South Africa, Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia), Mozambique and Mauritius, and examines the relationship between scientific claims and practices, and the exercise of colonial power. European intellectuals saw in Africa images of their own prehistory and societal development. The book reveals the work of the Swiss naturalist and anthropologist Henri Junod. The relative status of Franco-Mauritian, Creoles and Indo-Mauritian peasants was an important factor in gaining knowledge of and access to canes. After the Boer War, science was one of the regenerating forces, and the British Association found it appropriate to hold its 1905 meetings in the Southern African subcontinent. White farmers in the Cape Colony in the late nineteenth century often greeted with suspicion the enumeration of livestock and crop. The book focuses on the connections between the apartheid state's capacity to count and to control. Apartheid statecraft included aspirations of totalising modes of racialised knowledge. Included in the theme of state rationality and techniques of domination is the specialized use of dogs by police in apprehending black alleged criminals. The book discusses the Race Welfare Society, which turned to eugenics for a blueprint on how to cultivate a healthy and productive white population. However, George Gale and Sidney and Emily Kark advocated socialised medicine, and had a genuine desire to promote the broad health needs of Africans.

Abstract only
Saul Dubow

expertise accumulated at the colonial ‘periphery’ was exported internationally. In the case of Susanne Klausen’s study of the birth control movement in 1930s’ South Africa, the ambiguous nature of medical science is again highlighted. The Race Welfare Society, which forms the focus of her study, was initially founded as part of a eugenic effort to improve the racial qualities of the white race. Its membership

in Science and society in southern Africa
Chloe Campbell

black urban proletariat were major South African eugenic preoccupations. Fantham and Porter founded the Race Welfare Society (RWS) in Johannesburg in 1930, three years before the formation of Nairobi’s KSSRI: the Great Depression provided an impetus for eugenic movements in the colonies as well as in Britain. The RWS seems to have had a similar following to the KSSRI; both memberships largely

in Race and empire
Amrita Pande

instance, the Race Welfare Society) were responsible for the first birth control clinics, they were not as successful as the ‘maternalists’, mostly middle-class and elite anglophone white women troubled by the high mortality rates related to botched abortions amongst low-income white women, but also the threat this posed to ‘white prestige’ in South Africa (Stoler, 2002 ). Though the concerns of the two differed, they were, in effect, together in the campaign for white supremacy and a modern white nation. The campaign to increase access to birth control was to prevent

in Birth controlled