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The perpetual trap of criminalisation

In the previous chapter, we discussed the fate of victims of violence, and now we turn to those imprisoned during the conflict. Conflict-related prisoners are, for some, the embodiment of violence, and hold overall responsibility for the Troubles. So strong is this interpretation that those incarcerated during the conflict remain disbarred through legal mechanisms of control, censure and exclusion. There has been obvious leadership from within the ex-prisoner community, but also high levels of exclusion, illness

in Northern Ireland a generation after Good Friday
The contribution of sports and physical activity
Rochelle Eime
Jack Harvey
Melanie Charity
, and
Hans Westerbeek

, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression and osteoporosis) and premature death (Warburton et al., 2006 ). Being physically active with others can also improve social health (Eime et al., 2013a , 2013b ; Howie et al., 2020 ). These social benefits can be related to a number of different social interactions and relationships involving

in Rural quality of life
Mervyn Harris

24 An investigation into the evidence of age-related osteoporosis in three Egyptian mummies Mervyn Harris Osteoporosis can be defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterised by low bone density, micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue and low-trauma fragility fractures. Prolonged immobilisation of a limb can result in a localised osteoporosis, whereas in instances of metabolic bone disease, the complete skeleton is affected (Legrand et al. 2000: 13–19). The condition normally affects females far more than males, and in females the onset commonly

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
Catherine Akurut

Introduction Men experience sexual violence during armed conflict situations, which affects their physical, social and psychological well-being. However, this is under-researched and under-reported ( Vojdik: 2014 : 931), and often misunderstood and mischaracterised ( Kapur and Muddell, 2016 : 4). Consequently, men who experience conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) have been severely overlooked within the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Irvin Ehrenpreis
James L. Clifford
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Elizabeth Vandiver
Ralph Keen

4 Luther’s lives Translator’s note The deeds and writings of Martin Luther from the year of the Lord 1517 to the year 1546 related chronologically to all posterity by Johannes Cochlaeus for the first time translated into English by Elizabeth Vandiver and annotated by Ralph Keen 55 56 Luther’s lives The Year of the Lord 1517 Cochlaeus on Luther, 1517 Martin Luther, who was born in the year of the Lord 1483 in Eisleben in Saxony, under the Counts of Mansfeld, had plebeian parents from the Luder family.1 His father was named Johannes, his mother Margarita. He

in Luther’s lives
Matthew Hunt
Sharon O’Brien
Patrick Cadwell
, and
Dónal P. O’Mathúna

). The scarcity and urgency that characterise humanitarian settings lead to a second ethical issue related to distributive justice: allocating limited resources. Priority Setting for Translation Initiatives amid Other Pressing Humanitarian Goals How translation ought to be prioritised relative to other humanitarian activities is a challenging question. Answers will vary depending on the stage or scale of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

I deal with two – to my mind – poorly understood journalistic practices in situations of extreme violence. The first is a type of lexical dependence – that is, how the language journalists typically use to describe war is borrowed from war-related rhetoric developed in other fields (humanitarian aid, diplomacy, or human rights advocacy), sometimes without being aware of it, and hence not always appreciating the relevance of such appropriation. The second is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot
Lisa DiPangrazio
Dorcas Acen
Veronica Gatpan
, and
Ronald Apunyo

). Existing research suggests there are specific social norms related to child marriage, specifically norms related to girls’ education, adolescent girls’ sexuality/purity, the expectation that girls bear children and the changing roles of parents in their daughters’ lives ( Schaffnit et al. , 2019 ; de Groot et al. , 2018 ; Jones et al. , 2018 ; Murphy-Graham and Leal, 2015 ). However, social norms do not operate in isolation and may overlap with other drivers. Most existing research on child marriage focuses on context-dependent drivers affecting the marriage of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez
Ammar Sabouni

involved in various research related to health in conflict settings with LSHTM, Chatham House and The Lancet– AUB Commission on Syria. He is now a research associate with the Research for Health in Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa (R4HC-MENA) project at King’s College London. He is still a regular contributor to many medical and civil society entities in Syria and in the Middle East. Ammar Sabouni is also a Syrian physician who started his medical training in Damascus, Syria (2011–13). During those years, and at the start of the conflict, he worked as an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs