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Jonathan Pattenden

2 A class-relational approach Society does not consist of individuals, but expresses the sum of interrelations. (Marx 1973:265) While capitalism presupposes a structural opposition between capital and labour that is rooted in ownership of productive assets and acted out through the performance of surplus labour and its attendant forms of domination, actually existing class relationships are ‘almost infinitely more complicated’ (Harriss 2006:446). When viewed in concrete historical terms, class is a plural category in terms of its subdivisions (shaped by the

in Labour, state and society in rural India
Richard Werbner

5 Relational thought, networks, circles The turn by Mitchell and Epstein to relational thought applied to stratification and personal ties of friendship and kinship – in brief, to the idea of ‘the network’ – came in the early 1950s following Manchester seminars convened by Max Gluckman and subsequent publications by John Barnes (1954) and Elizabeth Bott (1957). In the Introduction, I stressed the importance in the seminars and in the work arising from them of interdisciplinary collaboration. An example is in the link to relational thought through the American

in Anthropology after Gluckman
Rachel Cope

Although Catherine Livingston Garrettson (1752–1849) initially encountered feelings of isolation upon converting to Methodism, she discovered that the written word allowed her to engage in relational rather than solitary religious experiences. Over time, the written word helped her create a web of meaningful ties with imagined and actual kin and motivated her to form, develop and foster additional relationships in multiple contexts. Garrettson’s story thus demonstrates the need to consider how the real and imagined communities encountered through reading and constructed through writing have played a role in the spiritual development of early American women. Indeed, women’s experiences serve not simply to explain aspects of American social development, but to illuminate their broader world of connections – familial, religious, social and literary.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
The manifold materialities of human remains
Claudia Fonseca and Rodrigo Grazinoli Garrido

In this article we explore the relational materiality of fragments of human cadavers used to produce DNA profiles of the unidentified dead at a forensic genetics police laboratory in Rio de Janeiro. Our point of departure is an apparently simple problem: how to discard already tested materials in order to open up physical space for incoming tissue samples. However, during our study we found that transforming human tissues and bone fragments into disposable trash requires a tremendous institutional investment of energy, involving negotiations with public health authorities, criminal courts and public burial grounds. The dilemma confronted by the forensic genetic lab suggests not only how some fragments are endowed with more personhood than others, but also how the very distinction between human remains and trash depends on a patchwork of multiple logics that does not necessarily perform according to well-established or predictable scripts.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Draculas World-system and Gothic Periodicity
Stephen Shapiro

Gothic productions appear in clusters during the capitalist world-markets transition from one economic cycle to another. Using a world-systems approach, I argue that Gothic narrative devices and sensations are both historically specific to the time of their production and representative of the general logic of capitalist time-space contortions. A world-systems perspective insists on an inter-state relational approach relatively unexplored within Gothic studies. Using Stoker‘s Dracula as a case study, the article claims that Dracula encodes inter-imperialist tensions, primarily those between England and Germany and their proxy agents over South African gold mines in the Transvaal. This antagonism provides the background to the Boer War, itself a forerunner to the First World War‘s battle among imperialists.

Gothic Studies
Abstract only
Post-9/11 Aesthetics of Uncertainty in PlayDead‘s Limbo (2010)
Graeme Pedlingham

This paper explores the Gothic videogame Limbo (PlayDead, 2010) in terms of an aesthetic and conceptual precariousness and preoccupation with uncertainty that, I suggest, are particularly associated with the traumatic legacy of 9/11. It engages with Judith Butler s post-9/11 reflections in her work Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence (2004) on the loss of presumed safety and security in the First World. From here, she expresses the potential for shared experiences of vulnerability to inaugurate an ethics of relationality, without recourse to investment in systems of security. I then contrast this with an alternative critical trajectory that emphasises the use-value of such systems over a desire for moral purity. This critical framework is considered in relation to the treatment of vulnerability in Limbo, through its construction of a dialogic relationship between its diegetic game-world and the formal structure of its game-system. The former is found to articulate a pervasive experience of uncertainty, whilst the latter provides a sense of security. I draw upon psychoanalyst D. W. Winnicott‘s theories of play and creative living to argue that the tension between game-world and game-system in Limbo creates a model of how uncertainty can be dwelt with, through a precarious balance between the use of systems of security and disengagement from them.

Gothic Studies
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

forth the issues illustrated by the aforementioned vignette. Many negotiations that touch upon the protection of humanitarian action are largely relational in nature and might not require the humanitarian actor to consider what concessions to make or how far to compromise. Even in a hostage situation, when interlocutors appear to be driven by purely monetary interests, an ‘acceptance’-based approach rooted in widespread relationship-forging with key actors can imbue humanitarian actors with a valuable source of leverage. As one interviewee explained, ‘for the other

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Phoebe Shambaugh

interpreted in local context and in their research they uncover alternative meanings of resilience which are social and relational. These meanings, embedded in networks of exchange and assistance, including both local and transnational support, challenge the imported humanitarian-development definition of resilience as ‘build back better’. While the approach taken to the concept of resilience by these first two pieces is oppositional, both are reactions to resilience as a discourse of power imported into a context through humanitarian expertise and which serves particular

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

and logistics within specific settings and helps draw attention to the performative, agentive and relational dynamic between the person quantifying and the person being quantified (see the work of Ballestro (2015) for another excellent example). In Glasman’s work we can also see the importance of the material. This is perhaps best demonstrated in Glasman’s case study approach to the Mid-upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) band for the measurement of malnutrition. Taking

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

Tiers Monde , 180 : 4 , 825 – 40 , doi: 10.3917/rtm.180.0825 ; English translation available at www.cairn-int.info/article-E_RTM_180_0825-on-being-a%20humanitarian-aid-worker.htm (accessed 25 July 2018) . Ellis , C. ( 2007 ), ‘ Telling Secrets, Revealing Lives: Relational Ethics in Research with Intimate Others ’, Qualitative Inquiry

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs