Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 5,653 items for :

  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Legacies and departures
Editor: Janet Clare

This volume challenges a traditional period divide of 1660, exploring continuities with the decades of civil war, the Republic and Restoration and shedding new light on religious, political and cultural conditions before and after the restoration of church and monarchy. The volume marks a significant development in transdisciplinary studies, including, as it does, chapters on political theory, religion, poetry, pamphlets, theatre, opera, portraiture, scientific experiment and philosophy. Chapters show how unresolved issues at national and local level, residual republicanism and religious dissent, were evident in many areas of Restoration life, and recorded in plots against the regime, memoirs, diaries, historical writing, pamphlets and poems. An active promotion of forgetting, the erasing of memories of the Republic and the reconstruction of the old order did not mend the political, religious and cultural divisions that had opened up during the civil wars. In examining such diverse genres as women’s writing, the prayer book, prophetic writings, the publications of the Royal Society, histories of the civil wars by Clarendon and Hobbes, the poetry and prose of Milton and Marvell, plays and opera, court portraiture and political cartoons the volume substantiates its central claim that the Restoration was conditioned by continuity and adaptation of linguistic and artistic discourses.

Abstract only
David Brown

ships at Kinsale, County Cork at the end of January 1649. This continued the threat posed by the naval protection offered to the Confederates by the Dutch Republic. Charles II was proclaimed king by the Covenanter parliament in Scotland. When word of the regicide reached Virginia in March 1649 Governor George Berkeley also immediately recognised Charles II as monarch and invited him to travel to the relative safety of the colony and rule his dominions from there. 2 As the Caribbean colonies were now devoted almost entirely to sugar production, Virginia had become the

in Empire and enterprise
Author: Helen Boak

The Weimar Republic, with it fourteen years of turbulent political, economic, social and cultural change, has attracted significant attention from historians primarily because they are seeking to explain the Nazis' accession to power in 1933. This book explores the opportunities and possibilities that the Weimar Republic offered women and presents a comprehensive survey of women in the economy, politics and society of the Weimar Republic. The Republic was a post-war society, and hence, the book offers an understanding of the significant impact that the First World War had on women and their roles in the Weimar Republic. The book also explores to what extent the Weimar Republic was 'an open space of multiple developmental opportunities' for women and considers the changes in women's roles, status and behavior during the Republic. It discusses women's participation in Weimar politics, as voters, elected representatives, members of political parties and targets of their propaganda, and as political activists outside the parliamentary arena. The book investigates the impact, if any, on women's employment of the two major economic crises of the Republic, the hyperinflation of 1922-23 and the Depression in the early 1930s. It describes the woman's role within the family, primarily as wife and mother, the impact of the changes in family and population policy and attitudes towards female sexuality. The Weimar Republic also witnessed significant changes in women's lives outside the home as they accessed the public realm to pursue a variety of interests.

Abstract only
A reluctant ally
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

Assessing defense policy in the Czech Republic can center on a number of key pedestals that underpin the readiness of its forces to engage in critical deployments or to stand in readiness for coping with future challenges. First, what is the general orientation to defense policy, characteristic since the end of the communist era in 1989 and the 1993 separation from Slovakia? A second area of study includes a brief look at

in Defense policies of East-Central European countries after 1989
Abstract only
Mark O’Brien

  75 5 A red republic At Rest: We mourn the death of Joseph V. Stalin, beloved and brilliant leader of the peoples of the Soviet Union and champion of peace and freedom among the peoples of all lands.1 — Death notice published in the Evening Mail, March 1953 As noted by political scientist Gary Murphy, ‘the dismal economic conditions of the post-​war period brought with it significant political uncertainty [and] the fluidity of politics during this period saw successive changes of government in the four elections between 1948 and 1957’.2 Between 1951 and 1961

in The Fourth Estate
Kate O’Malley

at Mr Costello’s action. 1 At the time these words were written both Ireland and India were independent republics, one within the Commonwealth, the other outside it. However, a lot had happened to change the political landscape of both countries before the formal declarations of their republican status were made. In both countries one

in Ireland, India and empire
Irish foreign policy in transition
Author: Ben Tonra

This book offers a new way of looking at Irish foreign policy, linking its development with changes in Irish national identity. Many debates within contemporary international relations focus on the relative benefits of taking a traditional interest-based approach to the study of foreign policy as opposed to the more recently developed identity-based approach. This book takes the latter and, instead of looking at Irish foreign policy through the lens of individual, geo-strategic or political interests, is linked to deeper identity changes. As one Minister of Foreign Affairs put it; ‘Irish foreign policy is about much more than self-interest. The elaboration of our foreign policy is also a matter of self-definition—simply put, it is for many of us a statement of the kind of people that we are’. Using this approach, four grand narratives are identified which, it is argued, have served to shape the course of Irish foreign policy and which have, in turn, been impacted by the course of Ireland's international experience. The roots and significance of each of these narratives; Ireland as a European Republic, as a Global Citizen, as an Anglo-American State and as an Irish Nation are then outlined and their significance assessed. The shape of Irish foreign-policy-making structures is then drawn out and the usefulness of this book's approach to Irish foreign policy is then considered in three brief case studies: Ireland's European experience, its neutrality and Irish policy towards the 2003 Iraq War.

Separate but equal?
Author: Karin Fischer

Separate but equal? Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland focuses on the historical and current place of religion in the Irish education system from the perspective of children’s rights and citizenship. It offers a critical analysis of the political, cultural and social forces that have perpetuated the patronage system, looks at the ways in which the denominational model has been adapted to increased religious and cultural diversity in Irish society and shows that recent changes have failed to address persistent discrimination and the absence of respect for freedom of conscience. It relates current debates on the denominational system and the role of the State in education to Irish political thought and conceptions of national identity in Ireland, showing the ways in which such debates reflect a tension between nationalist-communitarian and republican political outlooks. There have been efforts towards accommodation and against instances of discrimination within the system, but Irish educational structures still privilege communal and private interests and hierarchies over equal rights, either in the name of a de facto ‘majority’ right to religious domination or by virtue of a deeply flawed and limited view of ‘parental choice’.

Michael Carter-Sinclair

Upheaval and trauma: the first days of Republican Austria In Vienna, in the winter of 1918–19, leaders of the major German-speaking parties represented in the last pre-war Cisleithanian parliament gathered to discuss German Austria. The First Republic was not formally declared until the signing of the Treaty of St Germain late in 1919, but, with the end of the monarchy, the conduct of politics was now that of a democracy. 1 Social Democrats, German nationalists and Christian Socials therefore agreed on elections in early 1919 for a constituent assembly to

in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
Boiling volcano?
Author: Brian Hanley

Divisions between north and south Ireland were prevalent since the 1920s. Yet, until the 1970s, nobody in public life in the Republic of Ireland argued that partition was justified. This book examines in detail the impact of the Northern Irish Troubles on southern Irish society during the period 1968-79. It begins with the aftermath of the civil rights march in Derry in October 1968 and traces the reaction to the events until the autumn of 1972. The impact of August 1969, the aftermath of internment and the response to Bloody Sunday are examined. The book looks at violence south of the border, particularly bombings and shootings and their human cost, and examines state security, censorship and the popular protests associated with these issues. A general outlook at the changing attitudes to refugees and northern nationalists is provided before describing the impact of the conflict on southern Protestants. The controversies concerning the Irish Republican Army and their activities are highlighted. The book looks at the question of revisionism and how debates about history were played out in academia as well as at a popular level. A variety of social and cultural responses to the conflict are examined, including attitudes to Britain and northern Unionists. For many southerners, Ulster was practically a foreign country and Northern Ireland did not seem very Irish. By 1979, the prospect of an end to the conflict seemed dim.