Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 10,481 items for :

  • "Responsibility" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Author: Myrto Tsakatika

This book addresses the question of political legitimacy in the European Union from the much-neglected angle of political responsibility. It develops an original communitarian approach to legitimacy based on Alasdair MacIntyre's ethics of virtues and practices, that can be contrasted with prevalent liberal-egalitarian and neo-republican approaches. The book argues that a ‘responsibility deficit’, quite distinct from the often discussed ‘democratic deficit’, can be diagnosed in the EU. This is documented in chapters that provide in-depth analysis of accountability, transparency and the difficulties associated with identifying responsibility in European governance. Closing this gap requires going beyond institutional engineering. It calls for gradual convergence towards certain core social and political practices and for the flourishing of the virtues of political responsibility in Europe's nascent political community. Throughout the book, normative political theory is brought to bear on concrete dilemmas of institutional choice faced by the EU during the recent constitutional debates.

Open Access (free)
Barbara Prainsack and Sabina Leonelli

5 Responsibility Barbara Prainsack, Sabina Leonelli Openness has become fashionable. Governments, software and even humans are furnished with the adjective ‘open’. This is not a quiet and modest adjective, but entails a demanding cluster of requirements. To be open means to be transparent, responsible, accountable and inclusive. In other words: to be open is to be good.1 What does this mean for science? If we understand openness as the commitment to make the tools and processes of science replicable and open to scrutiny, then science has had a particularly close

in Science and the politics of openness
Responsibility for what?
Philip Norton

Ministers are answerable for their actions, formally to the crown, serving at the pleasure of the monarch, and politically to Parliament. They are answerable both individually and collectively. These responsibilities are variously accorded the status of conventions. However, as we noted in Chapter 3 in discussing collective responsibility, to describe it as a convention is problematic given that it comprises a set of rules, some of which are adhered to invariably and some of which are not; there is thus a mix of convention and practice. Some consistent

in Governing Britain
Abstract only
Elizabeth Dauphinée

4712P BOSNIA-PT/bp.qxd 6/12/06 15:04 Page 81 5 On responsibility What [causes] my unease [is] not the implicit claim that denial itself is an understandable response to evil (this is something that Primo Levi and others have reported to be a fact about the camps), but rather the notion that doing so actually works, and without remainder: Auschwitz will disappear if only we close our eyes and laugh hard enough.1 2111 In the December 2003 International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) judgment against Stanislav Galić, Trial Chamber Judge

in The ethics of researching war
Towards a more critical union?
Chris Armstrong

4 Equality and responsibility: Towards a more critical union? Introduction S D E M O N S T R A T E D in the last two chapters, contemporary liberal egalitarian theory has been profoundly marked by its encounter with neoliberal discourses. For many liberal egalitarians – and luck egalitarians in particular – there are good strategic reasons for this: Dworkin (2000), Arneson (1997a), Cohen (1989) and Roemer (1996) all claim that the foremost ‘discovery’ of egalitarian theory over the last couple of decades is that equality and responsibility need not, as

in Rethinking Equality
Keith Dowding

7 Luck, equality and responsibility Talk about ‘differences that are a matter of luck’ and ‘differences for which people are not responsible’ and people being ‘worse off through no fault of their own’ has been engaged in uncritically, without adequately examining what it could mean. (Hurley 2003: 204) Introduction Responsibility has become a central issue in egalitarian debates. Many egalitarians argue that the only justifications for inequalities in society are those which result from the choices responsibly and freely made by individuals. If one person is

in Power, luck and freedom
Nigel D. White

While the primary rules of international law are those norms applicable to IGOs in their decisions and operations, such as those rules governing the use of force or those protecting human rights, secondary rules of responsibility are concerned with the consequences of breach of those rules by an organisation, sometimes known as liability, although liability ‘has a broader meaning; it also refers to acts that are not unlawful (but cause damage)’. 1 IGOs possessing separate international legal personality are responsible for their internationally wrongful acts

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

section 6, but might they be viewed as ‘hybrid bodies’ under section 6(3)(b)? As we have seen, under section 6(3)(b) a public authority includes ‘any person certain of whose functions are functions of a public nature’. However, section 6(5) provides that: ‘In relation to a particular act, a person is not a public authority … if the nature of the act is private’. The test therefore, relates to the particular act of which complaint is made. 38 The ECtHR has held, for example, that by delegating responsibilities to private schools, the UK government cannot escape

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
Dworkin on the insurance market
Chris Armstrong

2 Equality, risk and responsibility: Dworkin on the insurance market Introduction N T H E F I R S T chapter of this book, it was claimed that Rawls’s account of equality runs close to the vision of social citizenship espoused by Marshall, and at least partly implemented within Western liberal democracies from the 1950s onwards. Though the development of social citizenship involved many admirable achievements (such as free health care and welfare rights), and at least partly succeeded in re-establishing a link between economic and political equality, this was

in Rethinking Equality
Myrto Tsakatika

2 Political responsibility and legitimate governance Introduction The aim of this chapter will be to show what political responsibility refers to and why political responsibility is desirable in all systems of governance, including the EU. The two main ways in which political responsibility is understood – that is, as a set of qualities (or virtues) and as a feature or an organising principle of a system of governance will be examined and the relationship that binds them will be explored. It will be demonstrated that these are only two different aspects of the

in Political responsibility and the European Union