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Edward Ashbee

6 Britain, retrenchment and the ‘Big Society’ The chapter considers events and processes in Britain during the recession years. It looks at the Conservative Party (as well as the exigencies of coalition politics) and the fortunes of UKIP, the different core constituencies to which the Right was tied, economic logics and the character of the institutional structures within which British policymaking was undertaken. In particular, the chapter surveys two ideational shifts. First, the Conservative leadership committed itself to radical and sustained fiscal

in The Right and the recession
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva
Ann-Christin Zuntz
Ruba al Akash
Ayat Nashwan
, and
Areej Al-Majali

pay alimony. As her daughter hopes to go back to high school, and later to university, Um Nadia also provides free childcare for her grandchildren. Like other Syrian women of her generation, Um Nadia’s paid and unpaid intimate labour challenges, but also retrenches socially constructed ideas of femininity (cf. Abu-Assab, 2017 ; Culcasi, 2019 ). During the interview, Um Nadia stressed the novelty of having to provide for her husband, grown-up children and grandchildren

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

The Right and the Recession considers the ways in which conservative activists, groupings, parties and interests in the US and Britain responded to the financial crisis and the “Great Recession” that followed in its wake. The book looks at the tensions and stresses between different ideas, interests and institutions and the ways in which they shaped the character of political outcomes. In Britain, these processes opened the way for leading Conservatives to redefine their commitment to fiscal retrenchment and austerity. Whereas public expenditure reductions had been portrayed as a necessary response to earlier “overspending” they were increasingly represented as a way of securing a permanently “leaner” state. The book assesses the character of this shift in thinking as well as the viability of these efforts to shrink the state and the parallel attempts in the US to cut federal government spending through mechanisms such as the budget sequester.

The Older People’s Uprising, 2008
Rosie Meade

economic considerations, a tendency John Clarke ( 2007 ) describes as the ‘subordination of the social’. This means that the expansion or retrenchment of welfare is rationalised first and foremost with reference to economics rather than a priori concepts of need or justice. Comparing the speeches of McCreevy and Lenihan, we see how both the gifting and withdrawal of medical cards were framed as consistent with prudent management of the economy. Lofty references to national solidarity – McCreevy’s ‘fairer society with opportunity for all’, Lenihan’s ‘[t]his Budget

in Defining events
Abstract only
Military operations
Michael Clarke

). Post-2014 retrenchment In 2009 the British operation in Iraq ended, and by December 2014 the withdrawal from Afghanistan was complete. By then both the political and public mood had changed. Confidence in the ability of military operations to produce politically complex outcomes had diminished, alongside a decline in the hitherto strong confidence even in the forces’ own ability to prevail militarily. In truth, the mood pendulum had swung too far by 2015, and politicians oversimplified public reticence to

in The challenge of defending Britain
Shohei Sato

on whether they give precedence to economic, political and military, or social and cultural factors. Of course, the nine factors are interconnected, but the division provides a helpful starting point for a concrete analysis. In particular, when looking at the reasons behind the Labour government’s decision to withdraw from the Gulf, there are five plausible factors: the economic retrenchment of Britain; political

in Britain and the formation of the Gulf States
Rich Cross

ferment in its wake across Europe, and although the repercussions in the UK were far more muted those ripples were conducive to the advance of libertarian forms of organisation and practice. Prior to the 1970s, the history of post-war British anarchism had been a story of patchy, partial and inconsistent advance, intertwined with often prolonged periods of retrenchment.4 The Anarchist Federation of Britain (AFB), an unstable alliance of anarchists of widely different hues (‘from syndicalists and libertarian communists through hippies and liberals to individualists’)5

in Against the grain
Colonial order, convict labour and the convict private sphere, c.1803–17
Kirsty Reid

with government retrenchment consequently would become one of three major factors fostering a re-working of the colonial gender and familial order in these years. The others, as we will see, included a growing concern with labour discipline and class subordination and a heightening determination on the part of the state to achieve a greater control over colonial morality and to impose an increasingly

in Gender, crime and empire
Abstract only
Gender, sexual morality and the state in early Van Diemen’s Land
Kirsty Reid

. Britain largely forgot the new settlements until questions of economic retrenchment, imperial expansion and domestic repression made themselves felt in the post-Napoleonic world. It was in this context that London finally intervened, sending Commissioner John Bigge to New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land in 1819–20. His report would lay the basis for a fundamental re-organisation of the convict system

in Gender, crime and empire
Abstract only
Philip Begley

did not have a comprehensive influence upon policy. It owed much more to ideas that had defined Conservative thinking over a long period of time and to the shorter-term political context of the period. 8 The Conservatives often moved in the wake of changes made by the Labour government. This was perhaps most clear with regards to public spending. The difficult fiscal position of the period was not something which the Conservatives shied away from addressing, and they may well have understood the philosophical case for retrenchment better than the government

in The making of Thatcherism