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A Postcolonial Geography
Author: Richard Philips

The operation of the British model of imperialism was never consistent, seldom coherent, and far from comprehensive. Purity campaigns, controversies about the age of consent, the regulation of prostitution and passage and repeal of contagious diseases laws, as well as a new legislative awareness of homosexuality, were all part of the sexual currency of the late Victorian age. Colonial governments, institutions and companies recognised that in many ways the effective operation of the Empire depended upon sexual arrangements. They devised elaborate systems of sexual governance, but also devoted disproportionate energy to marking and policing the sexual margins. This book not only investigates controversies surrounding prostitution, homosexuality and the age of consent in the British Empire, but also revolutionises people's notions about the importance of sex as a nexus of imperial power relations. The derivative hypothesis, which reads colonial sexuality politics as something England did or gave to its colonies, is illustrated and made explicit by the Indian Spectator, which seemed simply to accept that India should follow English precedent. In 1885, the South Australian parliament passed legislation, similar to England's Criminal Law Amendment Act, which raised the age of consent from 13 to 16 and introduced a series of restrictions and regulations on sexual conduct. Richard Francis Burton's case against the moral universalism and sex between men are discussed. 'Cognitively mapping' sexuality politics, the book has traced connections between people, places and politics, exploring both their dangers and opportunities, which revolve in each case around embroilments in global power.

Richard Burton’s interventions on sex between men
Richard Philips

through Parliament with almost no discussion; and very little was said in public about its draconian provisions or the values behind them. Clearly, some taboos remained, the silences they engendered constraining and shaping sexuality politics. It was in this context that Richard Francis Burton (1821–1890) charted and deployed a series of sexual geographies. Burton declared his contempt for the ‘Mrs Grundyism of Victorian society’. 16 He asserted that men who have sex with men ‘deserve, not prosecution but the pitiful

in Sex, politics and empire
Justness and justice at home and abroad
Jeff Rosen

, competing approaches toward economic development and social order in the colonies, and differing views about the use of military force as expressions of political power. These attitudes were represented in polemical essays by Thomas Carlyle and John Stuart Mill; in travel narratives by Austin Henry 197 198 Julia Margaret Cameron’s ‘fancy subjects’ Layard and Richard Francis Burton; in the short fiction of Anthony Trollope; in the fundraising activities of the groups wanting to prosecute or defend Governor Eyre; in the official correspondence of colonial administrators

in Julia Margaret Cameron’s ‘fancy subjects’
Rory Stewart and the fantasy of innocence
Peter Mitchell

until these archetypes are folded into the militarised and aggressively expansionist empire of the second half of the nineteenth century. This is where we first meet figures like Richard Francis Burton (1821–90). Burton exemplified the point at which imperial knowledge – the fruit of cultural contact and study, linguistic investigation and the ethnographic gaze – meets armed imperial

in Imperial nostalgia
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Children’s encounters with ancient Egypt in the long nineteenth century
Virginia Zimmerman

. 255. 5 Pascoe, The Hummingbird Cabinet , p. 111. 6 Writers took ancient Egypt as a compelling setting in works of historical fiction, such as G. A. Henty's The Cat of Bubastes (1889), and travel narratives, such as those of Richard Francis Burton, described journeys through Egypt. Many writers

in Pasts at play
‘no mere suffrage society’
Maureen Wright

who had gathered first-hand evidence of the lives of the labouring poor was William Henry Wilkins, a somewhat paradoxical figure who is best known for his work as literary assistant to Lady Isabel, widow of anthropologist Sir Richard Francis Burton.99 A notorious anti-Semite and anti-alienist (affiliations not uncommon among Progressives), Wilkins acted as private secretary to Lord Dunraven, the chairman of the House of Lords Commission into the Sweated Trades.100 In the course of his labours for the Commission, Wilkins had conducted personal research into the lives

in Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy and the Victorian Feminist Movement
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James Whidden

Oriental identity to establish the objective authority of the imperial narrative. 19 On Richard Francis Burton, Said noted that in spite of his individualism and desire to escape the conventions of England through travel, his cultural work radiates a ‘sense of assertion and domination over all the complexities of Oriental life’. 20 As a result, in Burton's literature two voices merge: the idiosyncratic

in Egypt
Female body hair and English literary tradition
Carolyn D. Williams

fourteenth-century Syrian manuscript. Where a story appears that is not in Haddawy, recourse will be made to translations by John Payne (1842–1916) or Richard Francis Burton (1821–90). Passages without equivalent in any of these versions will be taken as evidence of Mardrus’s resourcefulness in attaching new material to the Nights – a venerable tradition in the history of ‘the most famous work of narrative fiction in existence.’ 64 Mardrus and Mathers use body hair to add ironic point to a well-known story: in their version of ‘The Master of the White Mare’, a man who

in The last taboo
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Diane Robinson-Dunn

. 142 Burton was a famous Orientalist scholar-adventurer. For more information about his life and impact see: Isabel Burton, The Life of Captain Sir Richard F. Burton (London: Chapman & Hall, 1893); Edward Rice, Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton: The Secret Agent Who Made the Pilgrimage to Mecca, Discovered the Kama Sutra, and Brought the Arabian

in The harem, slavery and British imperial culture