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Siobhan Curran

This chapter examines the extent to which Roma have their human rights realised in Ireland. It examines, from an intersectional perspective, how the operations, interactions and patterns of subordination, including racism and discrimination based on gender, ethnicity and migrant status, are embedded in institutions, legislation and policy, resulting in the exclusion and marginalisation of Roma. This research is based on interviews conducted by Roma with 108 Roma respondents, who provided information on a further 491 household members as

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Claude Cahn

106 Chapter 5 CERD and discrimination against Roma Claude Cahn* Introduction Recently while browsing at a used book store, I  came upon a 1982 volume called Extraordinary Groups: The Sociology of Unconventional Life-​Styles, by a certain William M.  Kephart of the University of Pennsylvania. This included chapters on the ‘Old Order Amish’, the Oneida Community, the Father Divine Movement, the ‘Shakers’, the Mormons and the Hutterites. The book, however, opens with a chapter called ‘The Gypsies’. This began as follows:  ‘The Gypsies are an incredible people

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Abstract only
Rome’s local antiquities as symbol and source
Kathleen Christian

Roma caput mundi: Rome’s local antiquities as symbol and source 3 Kathleen Christian Rome’s local identity in the post-classical era has been shaped by its status as caput mundi. The arrival of outsiders to see Rome’s ancient wonders was a constant in the city’s medieval history, offering symbolic confirmation that its status as centre of the world would continue unchallenged, as a source of pride for the city’s nobility and communal government, but above all for the papacy, whose identity as an institution was bound up with rituals confirming the submission

in Local antiquities, local identities
Vito Zagarrio

The one-shot sequence – the articulation of an entire scene through a single, unbroken long take – is one of the cinema’s most important rhetorical devices and has therefore been much used and widely theorised over the years. This article provides a brief overview of these theories and of the multiple ways in which the one-shot sequence has been used both in world cinema (in general) and Italian cinema (in particular) in order to contextualise its use by one of Italian cinema’s best-known and most significant practitioners, Paolo Sorrentino. Through close analyses of one-shot sequences in Sorrentino’s films L’uomo in più/One Man Up, Le conseguenze dell’amore/The Consequences of Love, This Is the Place and Il divo – La vita spettacoloare di Giulio Andreotti – the article argues that Sorrentino’s predilection for the device is best explained by the wide variety of functions that it serves (as a mark of directorial bravura and auteur status; as a self-reflexive device and meditation on the cinematic gaze; as a political tool; and as a means of generating emotion). While rooted in history, Sorrentino’s use of the one-shot sequence thus transcends its position within Italian film history and discourse.

Film Studies
Sean Healy
Victoria Russell

them, as well as helping to maintain the collective self-esteem of the group and satisfying the narcissistic needs of the group (‘we are sufficiently important that everyone is against us’)’ ( Krekó, 2011 ). In present-day Europe, this is highly visible in conspiracy theories connected to migrants and refugees, but also in the revival of anti-Semitic and anti-Roma prejudices in countries such as Hungary. Writing about the utility of conspiracy theories in the twentieth

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Romani Minorities in Europe and Civic Marginalisation

Numerous scholars and policymakers have highlighted the predicament of Roma as the most disadvantaged ethnic minority in Europe. This predicament has often been discussed as an unfortunate anomaly within otherwise inclusive liberal democratic states.

In this book, Julija Sardelić offers a novel socio-legal enquiry into the position of Roma as marginalised citizens in Europe. Whilst acknowledging previous research on ethnic discrimination, racism and the socio-economic disadvantages Roma face in Europe, she discusses civic marginalisation from the perspective of global citizenship studies. She argues that the Romani minorities in Europe are unique, but the approaches of civic marginalisation Roma have faced are not. States around the globe have applied similar legislation and policies that have made traditionally settled minorities marginalised. These may have seemed inclusive to all citizens or have been designed to improve the position of minority citizens yet they have often actively contributed to the construction of civic marginalisation. The book looks at civic marginalisation by examining topics such as free movement and migration, statelessness and school segregation as well as how minorities respond to marginalisation. It shows how marginalised minorities can have a wide spectrum of ‘multicultural rights’ and still face racism and significant human rights violations. To understand such a paradox, Sardelić offers new theoretical concepts, such as the invisible edges of citizenship and citizenship fringes.


of citizenship (Taylor et al. , 2018 ). Recently there has been a growing consensus among scholars that it is predominantly practices and discourses of racialisation that make Roma visible as a minority throughout the European public space (Yuval-Davis et al. , 2017 ; McGarry, 2017 ; Kóczé and Rövid, 2017 ; Yildiz and De Genova, 2018 ): the novel form of racialisation is connected to ascribing fixed cultural characteristics to Roma, which are seemingly incompatible with liberal democratic states. As these scholars have shown, whilst racialisation constructs

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Open Access (free)
Strangers among citizens

in equal protection of rights for Roma. Multicultural legislation for minority protection and policies addressing specifically the position of Roma have not significantly contributed to substantive equality. There are three key questions here: (1) why do formally guaranteed rights (in constitutions and other legislation) fail to protect Roma? (2) why does international legislation and policies for inclusion fail to remedy marginalisation? and (3) do these shortcomings only speak to the case of Roma? These questions carry a sense of urgency: the perceived failure of

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Open Access (free)
Reflecting on citizenship from the fringe

This book has contemplated the position of Roma as citizens in Europe. Whilst acknowledging ethnic discrimination and anti-Roma racism, as well as the socio-economic disadvantage that Roma face in some of world's most developed states, 1 it has explored the position of Romani minorities from the perspective of citizenship studies. Through a socio-legal analysis of (inter)national legislation and policies, it has focused on civic marginalisation: it has examined how states and international

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Sabotage as a citizenship enactment at the fringes

Introduction In 2013, Nazif Mujić, a Bosnian citizen of Romani background, received a Silver Bear Award at the Berlin International Film Festival. He won the award for his leading role in a low-budget film, An Episode in the Life of an Iron Picker , directed by the acclaimed director Danis Tanović. The film showed the daily struggles stateless Roma face: in a role of a husband, playing out his life, Mujić destroys his car and sells it as scrap metal so that he can pay for his wife's urgent medical treatment. She has no

in The Fringes of Citizenship