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Paul Fouracre and Richard A. Gerberding

Audoin, powerful nobleman, bishop of Rouen, and saint, was the most influential and the most famous of the Frankish nobility in the mid seventh century. We know quite a bit about him and we owe a good deal of our gratitude for this knowledge to the author of his vita . The author, however, remains almost completely obscured from us. We assume he was a monk. We certainly do

in Late Merovingian France
Two case studies
Florence Carré, Aminte Thomann, and Yves-Marie Adrian

In Normandy, near Rouen, in Tournedos-sur-Seine and Val-de-Reuil, two adult skeletons thrown into wells during the Middle Ages have been studied. The wells are located at two separate sites just 3 km apart. Both sites consist of clustered settlements inhabited from the seventh to the tenth century and arranged around a cemetery. The backfill of the well shafts contains animal remains, but also partially or completely articulated human bodies. In Val-de-Reuil, the incomplete skeleton of a man, probably representing a secondary deposition, had traces of a violent blow on the skull, certainly with a blunt weapon. In Tournedos-sur-Seine, a woman thrown in headfirst had several impact points and bone fractures on the skull that could have been caused by perimortem mistreatment or a violent death. After a detailed description of the two finds and a contextualisation in the light of similar published cases, we will discuss the possible scenarios for the death and deposition of the individuals as well as their place in their communities.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
The mental world of a seventeenth-century Catholic gentleman
Author: Geoff Baker

This book examines the activities of William Blundell, a seventeenth-century Catholic gentleman, and using the approaches of the history of reading provides a detailed analysis of his mindset. Blundell was neither the passive victim nor the entirely loyal subject that he and others have claimed. He actively defended his family from the penal laws and used the relative freedom that this gave him to patronise other Catholics. In his locality, Blundell ensured that the township of Little Crosby was populated almost entirely by his co-religionists, on a national level he constructed and circulated arguments supporting the removal of the penal laws, and on an international level he worked as an agent for the Poor Clares of Rouen. That he cannot be defined solely by his victimhood is further supported by his commonplace notes. Not only did Blundell rewrite the histories of recent civil conflicts to show that Protestants were prone to rebellion and Catholics to loyalty, but we also find a different perspective on his religious beliefs. His commonplaces suggest an underlying tension with aspects of Catholicism that is manifest throughout his notes on his practical engagement with the world, in which it is clear that he was wrestling with the various aspects of his identity. This examination of Blundell's political and cultural worlds complicates generalisations about early modern religious identities.

Abstract only
La Pucelle
Author: Craig Taylor

This book collects together for the first time in English the major documents relating to the life and contemporary reputation of Joan of Arc. Also known as La Pucelle, she led a French Army against the English in 1429, arguably turning the course of the war in favour of the French king Charles VII. The story of Joan of Arc has continued to elicit an extraordinary range of reactions throughout almost six centuries since her death. Her story ended tragically in 1431 when she was put on trial for heresy and sorcery by an ecclesiastical court and was burned at the stake. The book shows how the trial, which was organised by her enemies, provides an important window into late medieval attitudes towards religion and gender. Joan was effectively persecuted by the established Church for her supposedly non-conformist views on spirituality and the role of women. She was ransomed by her captors to their English allies who in turn handed her over to the Church to be tried and finally executed for heresy at Rouen on 30 May 1431. This slur against her reputation would remain until her friends and acquaintances gave evidence before a Nullification trial that eventually overturned the earlier judgement against her on 7 July 1456. The textual records of the Nullification trial also present problems for modern scholars, parallel to those for the original Rouen trial.

Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

, it was the example of Bruges’s and Ghent’s defiance against the French crown [140, 151] . 10 But their major onslaught against the French king came in 1383, after those in northern France had already revolted and had been repressed 11 [140, 151] . The geography of revolt in northern France of the 1380s is much broader than that of the Jacquerie (even if Rouen’s

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
Elisabeth van Houts

Introduction The inhabitants of Neustria, the area of western France which stretched from the River Seine to the River Loire, were the Franks. 1 From the late tenth century, as we have seen, part of the region that was roughly equivalent to the archdiocese of Rouen became known as Normandy as a result of the settlement of Scandinavian people and the grant of authority by

in The Normans in Europe
An interview with Axel Karlsson Rixon
Bénédicte Miyamoto and Marie Ruiz

 Nakenakt, as well as with Mikela Lundahl Hero.  In this interview, Karlsson Rixon recalls the experience of visiting migration sites in Northern France and the ‘Jungle’ of Calais. Their voyages and discoveries have been sources of inspiration. Yet, they also balance the role of the artist as activist as the question of the place of artists in political debates is raised. Karlsson Rixon actively engages in voluntary work. Editors: Can you tell us about your contribution to the Rouen Musée des Beaux-Arts (France) and your exhibition entitled Mobilité Mémorable

in Art and migration
Barry M. Doyle

cities of Leeds, Sheffield, and Middlesbrough, and the northern French cities of Lille, Rouen, and Le Havre, 8 it will examine how hospitals were financed; who paid for hospital care and cure? Which groups of patients had access to hospitals? And how (by what means) were hospitals managed and by whom? For hospital accounting was linked to medical knowledge and patient care, as the knowledge about (sources of) income and (future) expenditures shaped the nature of the services delivered. Focusing on the period between the

in Accounting for health
The monastic roots of affective piety
Lauren Mancia

bishop of Rouen (fl. 1055–67), maintained close connections with Abbot John throughout his life 4 and wrote contemplative prayers in a style similar to John’s. 5 Maurilius’s most popular devotional work, an Oratio ad sanctam Mariam (Prayer to Saint Mary), adopts the penitential tone of John’s CT , painting the sinner as unworthy of intercession in his depravity. 6 Both Anastasius and Maurilius seem to have been heavily affected by the tone of John’s CT , imitating his Augustinian self-loathing and desperation for connection with God

in Emotional monasticism
Female actors, impersonation, and cultural transmission
Susannah Crowder

signs and demonstrations that confirmed her identity. She resided nearby for several weeks and, though some claimed that Joan truly had been executed in Rouen, Claude was given additional tokens of distinction and formally recognised as ‘Jehanne la Pucelle de France’ before departing. Thus was the initial performance of Claude d’Armoises – the so-called ‘ fausse Pucelle’ – recorded in the Chronique du curé de Saint-Eucaire.2 This contemporary chronicle of Metz contains the earliest and most detailed evidence for Claude, the first of many to ‘play’ Joan, and offers a

in Performing women