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Has illiberalism brought the West to the brink of collapse?
Series: Pocket Politics

The West of which we speak is defined by the values of liberal democracy, individual freedom, human rights, tolerance and equality under the rule of law. This book explores how Islamist terror and Russian aggression as companion threats to the West when terrorists target Russia as well as the United States and its allies. The threats posed by Islamist terror and Russian aggression present themselves in very different ways. In the time of transatlantic traumas, the Islamist terrorist threat and the Russian threat have worked diligently and with some success. The book examines the hatred of Islamists towards Western democracies, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union for their involvement in the Middle East politics for several decades. There is no single explanation for the rising popularity of illiberalism in the Western democracies; a combination of factors has produced a general sense of malaise. The book discusses the sources of discontent prevailing in the Western countries, and looks at the rise of Trumpism, Turkey and its Western values as well as the domestic tensions between Turkey's political parties. It suggests a radical centrist populist Western strategy could be applied to deal with the threats and challenges, reinvigorating the Western system. The book also touches upon suggestions relating to illiberalism in Europe, Turkey's drift away from the West, and the Brexit referendum.

Stanley R. Sloan

As President I wanted to share with Russia … which I have the right to do, facts pertaining to terrorism and airline safety … plus I want Russia to greatly step up their fight against ISIS & terrorism.” 1 Donald J. Trump, after sharing highly classified intelligence with the Russian Foreign Minister and Moscow’s Ambassador to the United States How can we see Islamist terror and Russian aggression as companion threats to the West when terrorists target Russia as well as the United States and its allies? Isn’t this why President Trump has argued for

in Transatlantic traumas
Siegfried Schieder

rhythm. Against this backdrop, the Obama administration made no secret of its frustration with Russia (Chollet 2016 : 64–66). When it comes to the Ukraine crisis, even after the first Executive Order 13660 on March 6, 2014, it was by no means obvious that Washington would implement an economic sanctions regime in response to Russian aggression toward Ukraine. In the wake of the violent protests in Kiev’s Maidan Square, the US government initially imposed travel restrictions on members of the former Yanukovych government. Even in reaction to

in Foreign policy as public policy?
Abstract only
Steven Kettell

. While the actions of the US remained carefully limited to a symbolic deployment of troops for delivering humanitarian supplies, the response from London was more circumscribed still.98 Ministerial exhortations, such as Miliband’s call for Russia’s ‘immediate withdrawal’, and Brown’s appeal for NATO members to ‘intensify our support to Georgia and others who may face Russian aggression’,99 amounted to little more than protests from the sidelines and served to highlight the Prime Minister’s lack of brio in the foreign policy arena. This stood in marked contrast to the

in New Labour and the new world order
The contexts
Andrekos Varnava

four years they lost territory to Italy and a Balkan alliance. 71 Abdul Hamid consented to the British occupying Cyprus as a defence measure. From Cyprus, the British promised to protect Ottoman territorial integrity from further Russian aggression. Abdul Hamid also agreed to implement reforms in Armenia to prevent further instability there and London agreed to pay the Porte Cyprus’ surplus revenues. In

in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915
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new tasks, new traumas
Stanley R. Sloan

State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),” “Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS),” or, from the Arabic language, the acronyms “Da’ish,” “Da’eesh,” or “Daesh” (this text will, for convenience, use the first of these acronyms, ISIL). The others came from new Russian aggression against Ukraine and implicit or explicit threats to other neighboring European states from Russian President Vladimir Putin’s increasingly autocratic regime in Moscow. This chapter examines these transitions and traumas to bring this volume’s analysis to the point where we can move toward

in Defense of the West (second edition)
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‘Mister Putin, you are a butcher’
Sue-Ann Harding

framing narrative in RIA-Novosti’s narrative text, the societal narrative of genocide is well known, and Kavkazcenter is not alone in applying it to Russian aggression in Chechnya. In August 2000, a press release from the Chechen Foreign Ministry stated that, ‘The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria has instituted legal proceedings against the Russian Federation before the International Court of Justice in The Hague . . . for violating

in Beslan
From Truman to Eisenhower (1948– 53)
Joseph Heller

with US arms to repel ‘Russian aggression.’ It was a crossroads in history. The United States was certain that Israel would fight a Soviet invasion with the same degree of anxiety it had had when fighting the Arabs, and believed that Israel was pro-Western because it would not bite the hand that fed it. 48 However, the State Department opposed supplying arms to Israel, arguing that the enlargement of the

in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
Stanley R. Sloan

both parties – that favor cooperation in NATO and collaboration with the EU to help defend against external and home-grown threats to the West. The investigations of Russian aggression against the American political system, and its intent of helping Donald Trump get elected, may yield information that leads to an early conclusion of the Trump presidency, but that is by no means certain. Nor is it clear what policies Trump’s immediate successor might take. The next reliable decision point, therefore, is the 2018 mid-term elections. In the primaries leading up to and

in Transatlantic traumas
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Strategy in a time of crisis
Andrew Monaghan

Russian aggression towards the West, from provocative military measures on Europe’s borders to subversion alongside a tide of digital propaganda and efforts to manipulate the US presidential election’. 5 Bradshaw’s view that Putin ‘has his hands on all the levers of power’ is widespread among Euro-Atlantic policy-makers and observers, who emphasise Putin’s control of all aspects of national power, military and non-military, in a seamless linking of state power. Many see Moscow to have increasingly displayed a real focus on the whole of government, a ‘full spectrum

in Power in modern Russia