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Has illiberalism brought the West to the brink of collapse?
Series: Pocket Politics

The West of which we speak is defined by the values of liberal democracy, individual freedom, human rights, tolerance and equality under the rule of law. This book explores how Islamist terror and Russian aggression as companion threats to the West when terrorists target Russia as well as the United States and its allies. The threats posed by Islamist terror and Russian aggression present themselves in very different ways. In the time of transatlantic traumas, the Islamist terrorist threat and the Russian threat have worked diligently and with some success. The book examines the hatred of Islamists towards Western democracies, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union for their involvement in the Middle East politics for several decades. There is no single explanation for the rising popularity of illiberalism in the Western democracies; a combination of factors has produced a general sense of malaise. The book discusses the sources of discontent prevailing in the Western countries, and looks at the rise of Trumpism, Turkey and its Western values as well as the domestic tensions between Turkey's political parties. It suggests a radical centrist populist Western strategy could be applied to deal with the threats and challenges, reinvigorating the Western system. The book also touches upon suggestions relating to illiberalism in Europe, Turkey's drift away from the West, and the Brexit referendum.

Stanley R. Sloan

As President I wanted to share with Russia … which I have the right to do, facts pertaining to terrorism and airline safety … plus I want Russia to greatly step up their fight against ISIS & terrorism.” 1 Donald J. Trump, after sharing highly classified intelligence with the Russian Foreign Minister and Moscow’s Ambassador to the United States How can we see Islamist terror and Russian aggression as companion threats to the West when terrorists target Russia as well as the United States and its allies? Isn’t this why President Trump has argued for

in Transatlantic traumas
Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
Olavi Arens

the Baltic states into membership, from the Šiauliai air base in Lithuania. Russian aircraft that had violated the airspace of one of the Baltic states were intercepted and escorted until they left Baltic airspace. In 2014, following Russian aggression against Ukraine, a second deployment of a four jet fighter squadron was added to Šiauliai and a second base at Ämari, Estonia was opened up for a third

in Defending Eastern Europe
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Membership anniversaries and theoretical security models
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

leader Ceauşescu preserved unreformed, Stalin-like domestic controls but imitated Yugoslav leader Tito in his foreign policy independence from Moscow, helped in this respect by the removal of Soviet troops in 1958 (Gilberg 1990 , 104–5). Alliance theory with its emphasis on closing of geographic and conceptual distances came to the fore for Poland after Russian aggression that followed the 2014 Crimean

in Defending Eastern Europe
Siegfried Schieder

comes to the Ukraine crisis, even after the first Executive Order 13660 on March 6, 2014, it was by no means obvious that Washington would implement an economic sanctions regime in response to Russian aggression toward Ukraine. In the wake of the violent protests in Kiev’s Maidan Square, the US government initially imposed travel restrictions on members of the former Yanukovych government. Even in reaction to the occupation of Crimea by Russian soldiers without military insignia in mid-February 2014, Washington merely implemented diplomatic measures, cancelling

in Foreign policy as public policy?
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Do they “give the power back” to the people?
Marcel H. Van Herpen

great surprise of all the contest was won by Jeremy Corbyn, a sixty-six-year-old, left-wing backbencher, who won 59.5 percent of the first-preference votes. Corbyn had the reputation of being a maverick. He had, for instance, suggested that Tony Blair should be tried for the war in Iraq, while at the same time turning a blind eye to the Russian aggression in Ukraine, accusing NATO rather than Putin of the ongoing war. Corbyn’s sympathies are clearly situated on the extreme left. He is a columnist of the Morning Star , a daily newspaper which is connected with the

in The end of populism
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Steven Kettell

. While the actions of the US remained carefully limited to a symbolic deployment of troops for delivering humanitarian supplies, the response from London was more circumscribed still.98 Ministerial exhortations, such as Miliband’s call for Russia’s ‘immediate withdrawal’, and Brown’s appeal for NATO members to ‘intensify our support to Georgia and others who may face Russian aggression’,99 amounted to little more than protests from the sidelines and served to highlight the Prime Minister’s lack of brio in the foreign policy arena. This stood in marked contrast to the

in New Labour and the new world order
The contexts
Andrekos Varnava

four years they lost territory to Italy and a Balkan alliance. 71 Abdul Hamid consented to the British occupying Cyprus as a defence measure. From Cyprus, the British promised to protect Ottoman territorial integrity from further Russian aggression. Abdul Hamid also agreed to implement reforms in Armenia to prevent further instability there and London agreed to pay the Porte Cyprus’ surplus revenues. In

in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915
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new tasks, new traumas
Stanley R. Sloan

State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),” “Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS),” or, from the Arabic language, the acronyms “Da’ish,” “Da’eesh,” or “Daesh” (this text will, for convenience, use the first of these acronyms, ISIL). The others came from new Russian aggression against Ukraine and implicit or explicit threats to other neighboring European states from Russian President Vladimir Putin’s increasingly autocratic regime in Moscow. This chapter examines these transitions and traumas to bring this volume’s analysis to the point where we can move toward

in Defense of the West (second edition)
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‘Mister Putin, you are a butcher’
Sue-Ann Harding

framing narrative in RIA-Novosti’s narrative text, the societal narrative of genocide is well known, and Kavkazcenter is not alone in applying it to Russian aggression in Chechnya. In August 2000, a press release from the Chechen Foreign Ministry stated that, ‘The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria has instituted legal proceedings against the Russian Federation before the International Court of Justice in The Hague . . . for violating

in Beslan