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Intermediating the Internet Economy in Digital Livelihoods Provision for Refugees
Andreas Hackl

). OECD ( 2020 ), A Roadmap toward a Common Framework for Measuring the Digital Economy. Report for the G20 Digital Economy Task Force , (accessed 22 November 2022 ). Pascucci , E. ( 2021 ), ‘ More Logistics, Less Aid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Future of Work among the Forcibly Displaced
Evan Easton-Calabria
Andreas Hackl

). Meier , P. ( 2015 ), Digital Humanitarians: How Big Data Is Changing the Face of Humanitarian Response ( Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press ). OECD ( 2020 ), A Roadmap toward a Common Framework for Measuring the Digital Economy. Report for the G20 Digital Economy Task Force ,

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From Kant to Nietzsche

In 1796 a German politico-philosophical manifesto proclaims the 'highest act of reason' as an 'aesthetic act'. The ways in which this transformation relates to the development of some of the major directions in modern philosophy is the focus of this book. The book focuses on the main accounts of the human subject and on the conceptions of art and language which emerge within the Kantian and post-Kantian history of aesthetics. Immanuel Kant's main work on aesthetics, the 'third Critique', the Critique of Judgement, forms part of his response to unresolved questions which emerge from his Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason. The early Romantics, who, after all, themselves established the term, can be characterized in a way which distinguishes them from later German Romanticism. The 'Oldest System Programme of German Idealism', is a manifesto for a new philosophy and exemplifies the spirit of early Idealism, not least with regard to mythology. The crucial question posed by the Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling of the System of Transcendental Idealism (STI) is how art relates to philosophy, a question which has recently reappeared in post-structuralism and in aspects of pragmatism. Despite his undoubted insights, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's insufficiency in relation to music is part of his more general problem with adequately theorising self-consciousness, and thus with his aesthetic theory. Friedrich Schleiermacher argues in the hermeneutics that interpretation of the meaning of Kunst is itself also an 'art'. The book concludes with a discussion on music, language, and Romantic thought.

Open Access (free)
Art as the ‘organ of philosophy’
Andrew Bowie

begging the question, restrict the materials for an answer to those that science can countenance’ (McDowell 1998 p. 72). Schelling is one of the first to take up this metaphysical question in a serious way in modernity, and he does so in a manner which, despite many now obsolete features and untenable arguments, still has resonances for contemporary thought. The crucial question posed by the Schelling of the STI is how art relates to philosophy, a question which has recently reappeared in post-structuralism and in aspects of pragmatism. In the contemporary reflections on

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda
Shane Doyle

infections (STIs) in Buhaya in colonial Tanganyika and malnutrition in Buganda, the largest kingdom in Uganda. 2 In particular, the chapter will consider the role played by non-medical academic researchers, who were affiliated to the colonial state, in shaping medical understanding of the context within which these two particular medical problems existed. Government anthropologists and a variety of social

in Beyond the state
Rustam Alexander

same-sex desire ‘under the authority of the language’ and ‘take charge’ of it through discourse after Stalin’s death. Indeed, Yegorov’s decree gave rise to fruitful discussions on homosexuality among GULAG directors and doctors which I will explore in the sections to follow. In their reports GULAG directors framed homosexuality as not just a crime against morality, but a problem that had implications for the inmates’ health and the GULAG’s economic productivity. Same-sex activity was a source of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) which threatened to go beyond the

in Regulating homosexuality in Soviet Russia, 1956–91
In conversation about SWEAT’s #SayHerName
Ntokozo Yingwana
Nosipho Vidima

, such as healthcare, legal aid and education; Connelly et al., 2015 ; Richter and Vearey, 2016 ; Evans and Walker, 2018 ). In addition, studies also show that the violence which sex workers experience increases their risk of contracting STIs and HIV (Coetzee et al., 2017 ). These vulnerabilities, risks and violations are experienced by persons selling sex globally, but particularly in criminalised contexts such as South Africa (Sanders, 2005 ; Hendriks and Woensdregt, 2018 ). In an attempt to humanise sex workers and raise

in Intimacy and injury

Women Art Workers constitutes the first comprehensive history of the network of women who worked at the heart of the English Arts and Crafts movement from the 1870s to the 1930s. Challenging the long-standing assumption that the Arts and Crafts simply revolved around celebrated male designers like William Morris, this book instead offers a new social and cultural account of the movement, which simultaneously reveals the breadth of the imprint of women art workers upon the making of modern society. Thomas provides unprecedented insight into how women – working in fields such as woodwork, textiles, sculpture, painting, and metalwork – navigated new authoritative roles as ‘art workers’ by asserting expertise across a range of interconnected cultures so often considered in isolation: from the artistic to the professional, intellectual, entrepreneurial, and domestic. Through examination of newly discovered institutional archives and private papers, and a wide range of unstudied advertisements, letters, manuals, photographs, and calling cards, Women Art Workers elucidates the critical importance of the spaces around which women conceptualised alternative creative and professional lifestyles: guild halls, exhibitions, homes, studios, workshops, and the cityscape. Shattering the traditional periodisation of the movement as ‘Victorian’, this research reveals that the early twentieth century was a critical juncture at which women art workers became ever more confident in promoting their own vision of the Arts and Crafts. Shaped by their precarious gendered positions, they opened up the movement to a wider range of social backgrounds and interests, and redirected the movement’s radical potential into contemporary women-centred causes.

Zoë Thomas

, foregrounding the dirty, busy, and intimate authenticity of male-only workshop cultures. The range of workshops and businesses women established, and the breadth of local, national, and international interest, is delineated in the second part of this chapter. The most important negotiation which permitted the establishment of such businesses concerned   152    ‘AR TI STI C ’ BU SIN E SSE S AN D ‘ ME DIE VAL ’ W OR K S HOPS the creation of a respectable identity in the face of competing demands, and this topic is addressed in the final section. Women continually had to

in Women art workers and the Arts and Crafts movement
Clement Masakure

incidences of malnutrition. Akwino Aquous Muwoni stated that ‘we had many cases of food related diseases and some deficiencies due to lack of proper diet’. 115 There were cases of sexually transmitted infections, but as Muchemwa highlighted, they were rare: ‘I have never treated any comrade for an STI from the front but here and there at the rear. It is not surprising that there were no cases of STI from the front. You see, the medics who were at the front were so knowledgeable about STIs. They would inject themselves.’ 116 In his interview, Muchemwa did not indicate why

in African nurses and everyday work in twentieth-century Zimbabwe