Author: Diana Webb

The saints' Lives in this book were written in Italy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Here translated into English and in full for the first time, they shed light on the ways in which both lay men and women sought God in the urban environment, and how they were understood and described by contemporaries. Only one of these saints (Homobonus of Cremona) was formally canonised by the Pope: the others were locally venerated within the communities which had nurtured them. Earliest in date were Homobonus of Cremona and Raimondo Palmario of Piacenza, near-contemporaries and inhabitants of neighbouring cities, who died in 1197 and 1200 respectively; the latest was Enrico ('Rigo') of Bolzano, who died in Treviso in 1315. This was a period of rapid demographic and economic growth in the Italian urban environment; it witnessed much social and political upheaval, accompanied by religious change. Miracle collections are important hagiographical genre for some saints. The miracles which Umiliana de' Cerchi did in the first three years after her death and her posthumous appearances to her devotees were separately recorded, constituting, together with the Life, a hagiographical dossier. Umiliana and Pier Pettinaio were associated with the Franciscans, while Homobonus and Raimondo Palmario lived and died before 'the coming of the friars'. The Lives of both Pier Pettinaio of Siena and Rigo of Bolzano were written some time after their deaths, apparently to satisfy local and community pietas. There is no cross-reference between the Lives of Zita of Lucca and Rigo of Bolzano and their extensive miracle collections.

Editor: Gareth Atkins

This collection of essays examines the place of ‘saints’ and sanctity in nineteenth-century Britain. It argues that holy men and women were pivotal in religious discourse, as subjects of veneration and inter-confessional contention. Protestants were as fascinated by such figures as Catholics were. Long after the mechanisms of canonization had disappeared, they continued not only to engage with the saints of the past but continued to make their own saints in all but name. Just as strikingly, it claims that devotional practices and language were not the property of orthodox Christians alone. Even in an age of confessional strife, doubt and secularisation, devotional practices and language remained central to how both Christians and their opponents reflected on that changing world. Making and remaking saints is significant, then, because until now no-one has explored how sainthood remained significant in this period both as an enduring institution and as a fruitful metaphor that could be transposed into unexpected contexts. Each of the chapters in this volume focuses on the reception of a particular individual or group. Together they will attract not just historians of religion, but those concerned with material culture, the cult of history, and with the reshaping of British identities in an age of faith and doubt

The mysteries of a crime of state (24 August 1572)
Author: Arlette Jouanna

The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, which began in Paris in August 1572 and later spread to numerous other French towns, was the most notorious bloodbath of its kind in early modern Europe. Occurring during the French wars of religion, the Massacre has for long encapsulated the worst features of religious violence. Over the centuries, its gruesome reputation has generated numerous conspiracy theories. This book seeks dispassionately to sift the evidence and follow where it leads, but also to understand how contemporaries came to terms with the events of 1572. It also follows the reactions of those most involved, paying particular attention to the way in which the French monarchy explained its actions to foreign rulers and how the survivors among the Protestant communities read the events in the light of their heavily biblical culture. The role of the Massacre in strengthening arguments for royal sovereignty is also explored.

Roshan Allpress

12 William Wilberforce and ‘the Saints’ Roshan Allpress I n his 1837 funeral sermon for Thomas Babington (1758–1836), one of the inner circle of the ‘Clapham Sect’, William Acworth (1803–99), Vicar of Rothley, numbered his late friend among those, whose characters are so resplendent in holiness, who in their tempers and lives so visibly reflect the image of Christ, who enjoy such decisive proofs of the Divine favour, … they are denominated by St. Paul, ‘saints in light,’ because even in this world they grope not in thick darkness, as the rest of mankind, but

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
Elizabeth Macfarlane

14 John Henry Newman’s Lives of the English Saints Elizabeth Macfarlane W ‘ hat’s a saint?’ howl the high-­kicking demon chorus in The Dream of Gerontius, answering themselves: ‘a bundle of bones / which fools adore’.1 John Henry Newman’s poem of 1865 picks up a major theme in the previous year’s Apologia Pro Vita Sua, where he took considerable pains to defend an earlier endeavour, his Lives of the English Saints project of the mid-­1840s. The recurrence in Gerontius is poignant, and suggestive of how the failure of the project continued to rankle with

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
Abstract only
Lester K. Little

matter how inflexible or adaptable at given moments, has had to respond to changing conditions within society at large as well as within existing ecclesiastical structures. 1 The very notion of singling out exemplary holy people for veneration ante-dated Christianity, and thus not surprisingly a model Christian came to be described by an adjective meaning ‘holy’ or ‘blessed’, respectively sanctus and beatus in Latin. 2 These terms could be and were put to use also as nouns, and were moreover used interchangeably to mean ‘a saint’. The

in Indispensable immigrants
Myths of origins and national identity
Jeff Rosen

1 Saint-Pierre’s exiles: myths of origins and national identity Sites of romantic inspiration: the Cameron’s island homes In 1860, shortly after the Camerons had settled close to the Tennysons in Freshwater, Julia Margaret wrote to her husband Charles, who was then in Ceylon, the island colony located just off the south-eastern tip of India: ‘This island might equal your island now for richness of effects.’1 These might seem like incongruous sentiments, since at the time Charles was not travelling abroad for leisure or recreation, like a tourist; but rather, as

in Julia Margaret Cameron’s ‘fancy subjects’
Abstract only
David Ranc

141 Paris Saint-Germain* Introduction Compared to the fervour that is common in England and Scotland, the support that French clubs receive may give the impression of being subdued. For Alfred Wahl, this comparative lack of backing originates in different sociability uses (centred around the café, rather than the stadium) and the extended offer of leisure activities after 1945.1 All the attention on the lower attendance figures should not conceal the real trend since the beginning of the 1970s of a long-term increase in the number of spectators attending

in Foreign players and football supporters
St Thérèse of Lisieux, St Bernadette Soubirous and the Forty Martyrs
Alana Harris

Chapter 5 ‘Plaster saints’ or ‘spiritual friends’? St Thérèse of Lisieux, St Bernadette Soubirous and the Forty Martyrs Light a votive candle, Listen and the band’ll Play you the Vatican Rag. In a theatrical play written in 1948 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of St Thérèse’s death from consumption in a French Carmelite convent, Gilbert Cesbron provided the following stage directions for his opening scene – A gathering of an Intellectual Society in an old convent with its cloister in ruins from war-time bombing save for: a brand new statue of St Thérèse

in Faith in the family
Lester K. Little

skills; in this one the future saint is digging in a field and right next to him stands a robust angel – presumably not visible to his fellow workers – wielding a shovel identical to his. Alberto got married. Of course it was not his idea, but he agreed to do it out of respect for his parents and their desire that he do so. Married life brought little joy to Alberto, for his wife nagged him constantly. What provoked her ire more than anything else was his generosity with their belongings towards the poor. Worst of all was his profligacy with

in Indispensable immigrants