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Ethnicity, identity, gender and race, 1772–1914

This book is a full-length study of the role of the Scots from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. It highlights the interaction of Scots with African peoples, the manner in which missions and schools were credited with producing ‘Black Scotsmen’ and the ways in which they pursued many distinctive policies. The book also deals with the inter-weaving of issues of gender, class and race, as well as with the means by which Scots clung to their ethnicity through founding various social and cultural societies. It contributes to both Scottish and South African history, and, in the process, illuminates a significant field of the Scottish Diaspora that has so far received little attention.

John M. MacKenzie and Nigel R. Dalziel

losing all sense of genuine ethnic relationships – for the next 150 years. Many Scots, whether prospering or failing, seem to have been unwilling to let go of an idealised vision of their origins. Certainly, with increasing numbers of Scots, the opportunities for cultural and other forms of association grew. This chapter will examine the various ways in which Scots declared their

in The Scots in South Africa
National identities, sovereignty and the body politic
Laura Clancy

On 20 September 2014, in the wake of the Scottish Independence Referendum, the pro-union, right-wing British broadsheet the Daily Telegraph 's front page was dominated by a photograph of Queen Elizabeth II in the grounds of her Balmoral Estate in the Scottish Highlands, under the headline ‘Queen's pledge to help reunite the Kingdom’ ( Figure 3.1 ). 1 The photograph, entitled Queen of Scots, Sovereign of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle and the Chief of Chiefs , was taken

in Running the Family Firm
Douglas J. Hamilton

Scots arriving in the West Indies for the first time were assailed by the profound differences between their home country and their new stations. The immediate shock of the new was often allayed by the welcoming embrace of friends or relations, as Archibald Cameron from Lochaber noted: ‘I happened luckly to se Archy Torcastle & John Cameron a brother of Stronse upon my

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Andrew Spicer

I am proud to come from Scotland and my dearest wish is to see Scotland free. 1 Until his death on 31 October 2020 Connery was ‘the world's most famous Scot’, the ‘only person, according to the Scottish Tourist Board, whom foreigners unhesitatingly identify as a Scot. The burr in his famous voice is the voice of Scotland to

in Sean Connery
Douglas J. Hamilton

restrictions on Catholics in Grenada, the American Revolution and the insurrections of the 1790s) prompted reactions which demonstrated their very ‘Britishness’. These sections argue that the transient nature of the white population in the islands ensured that the ‘home’ country remained central to their consciousness. Moreover, the influence of substantial numbers of Scots in the islands’ polities had

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
David Hesse

Introduction: the Scots of Europe Playing Scotsmen is an international phenomenon. In North America, Australasia, Europe, and beyond, thousands of adults regularly don costumes and impersonate the Scots. They march in kilted bagpipe bands, measure their strength at Highland Games competitions or perform Scottish folk dances. They commemorate historical events and sometimes physically re-­enact them. They do research on their ancestors, join a Scottish clan society, even invent their own Scottish surnames and heraldries. They almost always choose a tartan sett to

in Warrior dreams
British and continental perspectives
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

6 English, Scots and Germans compared: British and continental perspectives New York, the greatest immigrant hub in North America, has long been home to a great many ethnic clubs and societies. The city’s St George’s Society was founded comparatively early, in 1770, though the Scots beat the English to it when a St Andrew’s Society was established over a decade earlier.1 Despite smaller, informal activities, the Germans and Irish formalized associations in the city only after the American War of Independence. In 1784, both the German Society (Deutsche

in The English diaspora in North America
John M. MacKenzie and Nigel R. Dalziel

The histories of the Cape frontier, of Scots military figures and of missionaries are inseparably intertwined. Yet, in a significant corpus of historical writing on the frontier, they have rarely been satisfactorily combined. Moreover, until recent times the Scots missionaries have seldom been examined as a separate ethnic group with different objectives and methods, even

in The Scots in South Africa
Douglas J. Hamilton

The expansion of Scottish involvement in politics in the Caribbean mirrored the Scots’ increasingly prominent position in the imperial polity in London. Significantly, as the number of Scots acquiring political influence with the national government increased, so too did the opportunities for political advancement in the islands. Moreover, as well as providing access to

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820