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Beyond the security alliance

This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of Japan’s new security partnerships with Australia, India, countries and multilateral security structure in East Asia, as well as with the EU and some of its member states.

Most books on Japanese bilateral relations focus exclusively on the Japanese perspective, the debate in Japan, positions of Japanese government leaders and parties, or the public discourse. This edited volume is organized in pairs of chapters, one each analysing the motivations and objectives of Japan, and a second analysing those of each of the most important new security partners.

After solely relying on the United States for its national security needs during the Cold War, since the end of the Cold War, Japan has begun to deepen its bilateral security ties. Since the mid-2000s under LDP and DPJ administrations, bilateral security partnerships accelerated and today go beyond non-traditional security issue are as and extend far into traditional security and military affairs, including the exchange and joint acquisition of military hardware, military exercises, and capacity building. It is argued, that these developments will have implications for the security architecture in the Asia-Pacific.

This book is a primer for those interested in Japan’s security policy beyond the US-Japan security alliance, non-American centred bilateral and multilateral security cooperation through the eyes of Japanese as well as partner country perspectives. It is also an ideal as a course reading for graduate courses on regional security cooperation and strategic partnerships, and Japanese foreign and security policy.

Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

to Australia’s security alliances. Prime Minister John Howard was the exemplar in this regard. Shortly after the Howardled Liberal–National Coalition came to power in 1996, the government announced a departure from the foreign policy priorities of its predecessor, advocating an international agenda informed by a ‘hard-headed pursuit of the national interest’ (DFAT 1997). This realist, state-centric approach to foreign affairs that characterised Howard’s eleven years in office resulted in discernible ambivalence toward regional relations, renewed focus on security

in The politics of identity
What contribution to regional security?

. The BSEC was officially transformed from an initiative into a ‘regional economic organisation’ on 5 June 1998, when a charter was signed that made it into a formal organisation.3 The BSEC is neither an economic community along the lines of the EU nor a security alliance like NATO. In addition, its capacity for authoritative decisions over economic and political issues is restricted. It envisages neither the creation of a preferential trading area nor the introduction of a common external tariff. Discussions on the establishment of a free trade area, which led to an

in Limiting institutions?
Abstract only
The EU and the governance of European security

guide for understanding the requirements of security. Alliance theory has provided the framework for understanding not only the evolution of the post-war European security order, but the evolution of the European state system since 1648. 9 Alliances, as either formal or informal institutions, have been rightly regarded as mechanisms for regulating disequilibria in the international system. The

in EU security governance

country’s foreign policy away from its traditional close security alliance with the US and has sought closer diplomatic and economic relations with its foremost rival in the South China Sea dispute, China ( Asia News Monitor , 2016: 1–2). He is pursuing a balanced and calibrated policy characterised by gravitating closer to China while crafting some diplomatic distance from the Philippines’ only strategic security ally, the US ( Baviera, 2016 : 203). On the one hand, he declared that he is open to direct bilateral negotiations with China. President Duterte’s then

in Japan's new security partnerships

and alliance commitments under President Donald J. Trump, Europe and Japan might both consider it advantageous to work more closely together if uncertain US leadership leads to (1) a structural shift in the international order or (2) changes in bilateral alliance dynamics, that is, the US–Japan Security Alliance or NATO. Alternatively, or additionally, (3) the effectiveness of EU foreign and security policy towards its partners outside of the EU might be affected as a result of the UK leaving the EU. The UK was the strongest proponent of stricter economic sanctions

in Japan's new security partnerships
The view from Budapest

cooperative parts of Europe would be bound together by a network of political, economic and security arrangements, but the division would stay nonetheless. The Soviet military presence in Eastern Europe would be reduced or even eliminated, but the Warsaw Pact would remain. In a broader context insistence on the Warsaw Pact was tied to security concerns. If the Warsaw Pact were dissolved the rationale behind keeping NATO could also be questioned. But the dissolution of NATO would sever the transatlantic security alliance which was inconceivable for western European countries

in The 1989 Revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
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Towards a ‘tolerable state of order’?

forces that had been serving in internal security roles. Conclusion 141 Similarly, the Mutual Security network did not constitute alliances in the traditional sense. Although the system of Mutual Security alliances expanded during this period, these ‘alliances’ were very one-sided, and often little more than instruments providing for US intervention in the event of conflict. Such pacts represented a formal extension of the US security umbrella to states around the periphery of the communist world. With the advent of Eisenhower’s New Look defence philosophy these

in The evolving role of nation-building in US foreign policy

due to exceptional circumstances. They are either neutral, like Switzerland, are engaged in ongoing territorial disputes, as are Turkey, Greece and Cyprus, or are not part of a security alliance, the situation, for example, with Austria.9 Appreciated in this context, Germany’s inability or unwillingness to commence with a full debate on the merits of conscription is quite unique. What characterised the issue in Germany in the 1990s was a pervasive ‘non-debate’ surrounding conscription. Certainly, the issue bobbed in and out of the political commentary, the abolition

in Germany and the use of force