; the significance and implication of the experience, its wider social ‘reading’ as it were, has to be established afterwards through the use and deployment of words, and different words can result in different ‘readings’ for the same set of facts. The events of September 11, 2001 are a perfect illustration of this process. While it was immediately obvious what had taken place

in Writing the war on terrorism

5 September 11 and the ‘war on terror’ Tony Blair’s response to the September 11 2001 attacks was one of unequivocal support for the United States, a framing of the situation in stark terms of good and evil, and elucidation of an ambitiously proactive foreign policy programme to prevent the re-occurrence of attacks of such magnitude. It was therefore quite consistent with the policy style rooted in Blair’s personality traits that had crystallized during the Kosovo war. The period following September 11 saw the prime minister, with his foreign policy approach set

in The Blair identity
Road Trips, Globalisation, and the War on Terror

American zombie Gothic films have changed markedly in their tone, style, and structure since September 11, an evolution that expands the Gothic mode to include the mobility of the narratives protagonists, a popularisation of the movies, and an increased engagement with a multi-ethnic international community. To remain timely, relevant, and commercially viable, such alterations must occur, and these shifts in particular can best be explained by the changing cinematic marketplace, the influence of videogames, and the policies and anxieties resulting from the (inter)national trauma of 9/11 and the War on Terror. This essay examines the film version of World War Z as a key text for exploring the current transition from a localised siege narrative to an international kind of road trip movie, a shift largely tied to the popularity of zombie-themed videogames.

Gothic Studies
Language, politics and counter-terrorism

This book is about the public language of the 'war on terrorism' and the way in which language has been deployed to justify and normalise a global campaign of counter-terrorism. It explains how the war on terrorism has been reproduced and amplified by key social actors and how it has become the dominant political narrative in America today, enjoying widespread bipartisan and popular support. The book also explains why the language of politics is so important and the main methodological approach for analysing the language of counter-terrorism, namely, critical discourse analysis. Then, it provides the comparison drawn between the September 11, 2001 attacks and World War II and the attack on Pearl Harbor. One of the most noticeable aspects of the language surrounding the attacks of September 11, 2001 is its constant reference to tragedy, grievance and the exceptional suffering of the American people. The book focuses on the way in which language was deployed to construct the main identities of the protagonists. It demonstrates how terrorism is rhetorically constructed as posing a catastrophic threat to the American 'way of life', to freedom, liberty and democracy and even to civilisation itself. The book analyses how the administration's counter-terrorism campaign has been rhetorically constructed as an essentially 'good' and 'just war', similar to America's role in World War II. Finally, the book concludes that responsible citizens have a moral duty to oppose and resist the official language of counter-terrorism.

A genealogy

member-state cooperation on foreign policy matters, European Political Cooperation (EPC), the chapter also considers the relationship between the terrorism discourse and EC/EU external security policy. The second half of the chapter explores the (re)emergence of the EU’s ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse following the events of 11 September 2001 and its subsequent evolution across three periods: the post-September 11 period, the post-Madrid period and the post-Breivik period. The purpose for this is threefold. First, to identify the ‘key texts’ that ‘are frequently

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
From Afghanistan to Iraq

. However, in the light of events between 2001 and 2003 such conclusions appeared to be somewhat premature and the extent of the new security policy consensus exaggerated. Certainly, Schröder’s declared ‘unconditional solidarity’ with the United States in the immediate wake of September 11 2001 and the subsequent deployment of Bundeswehr soldiers to Afghanistan in the context of Operation Enduring Freedom were firm expressions of Germany’s commitment to having a role in international security and accepting the utility of armed force. However, the subsequent transatlantic

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)
Post-crisis Asia – economic recovery, September 11, 2001 and the challenges ahead

The Asian financial crisis 7 Conclusion: post-crisis Asia – economic recovery, September 11, 2001 and the challenges ahead To the extent that Asia is recovering, no one can claim the credit. The amazing thing to me – if you leave Indonesia out – is how similar the performances are, regardless of the policies. Korea took the IMF’s advice and it’s bouncing back. Thailand took the IMF’s advice and it’s starting to come back. Malaysia defied the IMF and did everything the IMF told it not to – it’s coming back fast. Everybody’s contemplating success for their

in The Asian financial crisis

Counter-terrorism has emerged from the shadows of the EU’s Third Pillar, propelled into the limelight by the events of September 11 and maintained by terrorist incidents in Spain and the UK. In the same period, the organisation’s most extensive enlargement, to embrace the eight CEE states, Malta and Cyprus, was undertaken. In fact, the two processes – widening the EU

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Abstract only
Language and politics

, what kind of threat they pose and why the war will succeed. Second, it explains how the language of the ‘war on terrorism’ has become the dominant political paradigm in American foreign policy since September 11, 2001 , and the different kinds of reality-making affects that the adoption of this language has. It describes how the official language of counter-terrorism has been

in Writing the war on terrorism

actual risk for most people is negligible? Part of the answer to this puzzle rests in the character of terrorist violence itself, in particular the sheer visceral horror of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Such seemingly random violence, packaged as media spectacle, creates an initial shock that is difficult to transcend. As Zulaika and Douglass explain

in Writing the war on terrorism