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The colonial animal matrix, 1788–1840
Peter Hobbins

‘dangerous’ animals shaped the quotidian names and practices employed by settlers on the ground, it also percolated into the semiotic systems that characterised colonial species and spaces. 42 ‘As one of the most dangerous animals of India and Africa, the crocodile literally stood in the way of colonial settlement’, Mary Leighton and Lisa Surridge insist. Functioning ‘as the quintessential

in Venomous encounters
Wm. Matthew Kennedy

Englands, but the perpetual enlargement of one. 1 J. M. Ludlow, 1871 When settlers in the Australian colonies thought about their place in the world, what did they see? What forms and what matter was their world made of? What accounts did they rely on to explain how that world came to be, and by what logics did that world travel, ceaselessly, into the unknown future? What indeed would the future hold

in The imperial Commonwealth
Wm. Matthew Kennedy

, imperial propaganda came to bear on inflating apparent colonial martial capacities by veiled references to such colonial violence as well, yet was used primarily in (successful) attempts to induce Australian men into imperial military careers, not settler colonial conflicts. They were separate categories, each legitimated by an entirely different moral logic. Thus as Australia's military institutions developed throughout the late nineteenth century, they were less and less concerned with the direct defence of Australian ‘hearths and homes’ and more and more prepared to

in The imperial Commonwealth
Chloe Campbell

The eugenics movement that emerged in Kenya in the early to mid-1930s both chimed and at times subtly clashed with settler prejudices and preoccupations. The movement was born out of British eugenics – a eugenic hybrid was created, which used the same intellectual framework and attracted a similar audience to that of British eugenics, but which was also distinctively motivated by

in Race and empire
The work of law and medicine in the creation of the colonial asylum
Catharine Coleborne

individuals into colonial institutional confinement in the settler colony of Victoria, and explores the impact and articulation of ‘colonialism’ on discourses around ‘lunacy’ and on asylum patient populations. It does this by drawing attention to representations of the small but perceptibly troubling population of Chinese inmates within the case-books of colonial Victoria’s asylum. It

in Law, history, colonialism
Planning for post-war migration
Jean P. Smith

implement a racist policy without the appearance of racism signal the extent to which ideologies of race influenced those who sought to shape post-war population movements, whether through the encouragement of white Britons to move to South Africa, Southern Rhodesia or the other settler colonies of the British Empire or the discouragement of service personnel of colour from remaining in the United Kingdom. ‘The redistribution of population within the Empire’: The promotion of white emigration in the United Kingdom

in Settlers at the end of empire
History and memory in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand and South Africa

In Australia, Aotearoa New Zealand, Canada and South Africa indigenous peoples were displaced, marginalised and sometimes subjected to attempted genocide through the colonial process. This book is a collection of essays that focuses on the ways the long history of contact between indigenous peoples and the heterogeneous white colonial communities has been obscured, narrated and embodied in public culture. The essays and artwork in this book insist that an understanding of the political and cultural institutions and practices which shaped settler-colonial societies in the past can provide important insights into how this legacy of unequal rights can be contested in the present. The essays in the first part of the book focus on colonial administrative structures and their intersection with the emergence of settler civil society in terms of welfare policy, regional colonial administration, and labour unions. The second section focuses on the struggles over the representation of national histories through the analyses of key cultural institutions and monuments, both historically and in terms of contemporary strategies. The third section provides comparative instances of historical and contemporary challenges to the colonial legacy from indigenous and migrant communities. The final section of the book explores some of the different voices and strategies for articulating the complexities of lived experience in transforming societies with a history of settler colonialism.

Sarah Glynn

Glynn 01_Tonra 01 19/06/2014 12:47 Page 6 1 Sailors, students and settlers This book tells a specifically political history, but this first chapter sets the scene with a very brief general history of the Bengali East End. The East End of London The East End of London is a place associated with strong but, in some ways, contradictory images; a place of cockney kinship and immigrant ghettos, at once English and ‘alien’. It is famous for battles with organised racism, but it is also portrayed as a ‘multicultural-receptor’ and symbol of English tolerance.1 And

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
"Irish lives on the Spanish borderlands of North America and the Caribbean in the revolutionary 1790s
José Brownrigg-Gleeson

foodstuffs, goods and stolen labour linking the francophone and anglophone Caribbean to the Spanish possessions. In 1787, for instance, more than half of the enslaved people re-exported from Kingston were sent to the mouth of the Mississippi. 18 They also made the Spanish dominions much more attractive to Anglo-American settlers. In 1776, the island of Trinidad, where

in Ireland, slavery and the Caribbean
Setting the scene
Roger Forshaw

1 Political turmoil and ‘Libyan’ settlers: setting the scene Histories of eras before the Saite Dynasty (26th Dynasty) in ancient Egypt have been largely based on Egyptian evidence, in spite of its inherent distortions and biases, as this has been the only major source available. With the Saite Period there is for the first time a much broader range of archaeological and written evidence from outside the borders of the country as well as the traditional Egyptian sources. The Assyrian prisms, Babylonian and Persian sources and the accounts of the Classical

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC