7 Migration in Shropshire and the English Midlands Inland beginnings Landlocked Shropshire experienced some of the earliest phases of British industrialisation, notably in the Ironbridge/Coalbrookdale district, deep inland on the River Severn. Precocious industrialisation came to Shropshire by the 1770s and performed its dynamic and disruptive functions in classic but localised form. Shropshire and the Midlands provide instructive examples of mobility induced by rapid economic and demographic change, redistributing and dislocating its population in certain key

in The genesis of international mass migration
The British case, 1750–1900

Very large numbers of people began to depart the British Isles for the New Worlds after about 1770. This was a pioneering movement, a rehearsal for modern international migration. This book contends that emigration history is not seamless, that it contains large shifts over time and place, and that the modern scale and velocity of mobility have very particular historical roots. The Isle of Man is an ideal starting point in the quest for the engines and mechanisms of emigration, and a particular version of the widespread surge in British emigration in the 1820s. West Sussex was much closer to the centres of the expansionary economy in the new age. North America was the earliest and the greatest theatre of oceanic emigration in which the methods of mass migration were pioneered. Landlocked Shropshire experienced some of the earliest phases of British industrialisation, notably in the Ironbridge/Coalbrookdale district, deep inland on the River Severn. The turmoil in the agrarian and demographic foundations of life reached across the British archipelago. In West Cork and North Tipperary, there was clear evidence of the great structural changes that shook the foundations of these rural societies. The book also discusses the sequences and effects of migration in Wales, Swaledale, Cornwall, Kent, London, and Scottish Highlands. It also deals with Ireland's place in the more generic context of the origins of migration from the British Isles. The common historical understanding is that the pre-industrial population of the British Isles had been held back by Malthusian checks.

favourably is supported by correspondence in the local newspaper in Whitchurch, to where both disabled and able-­bodied children were evacuated at the beginning of the war. The following case study highlights the differences in local reaction to the two groups of children. It also provides a detailed account of the special school’s evacuation to Cloverley Hall, a large country house in Shropshire. In essence the study brings together elements of each section of this chapter: location; conditions; staff; disruption; and the children’s experiences. Case study: the

in Worth saving
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children were at different times under three different inspectors without leaving their original nurse, while 13 had three nurses under three inspectors. Clearly, a change of nurse was a fairly unusual occurrence, but among the more mobile children a geographical pattern is discernible, of movement from communities in the south-east of the country to Shropshire and Yorkshire. 797 children in total were sent to Shrewsbury (Shropshire), and 490 to Ackworth (Yorkshire), generally in the last years of the General Reception (1759 and 1760), when the foundlings were aged

in Childcare, health and mortality at the London Foundling Hospital 1741–1800

The church as sacred space places the reader at the heart of medieval religious life, standing inside the church with the medieval laity in order to ask what the church meant to them and why. It examines the church as a building, idea, and community, and explores the ways in which the sanctity of the church was crucial to its place at the centre of lay devotion and parish life. At a time when the parish church was facing competition for lay attention, and dissenting movements such as Lollardy were challenging the relevance of the material church, the book examines what was at stake in discussions of sanctity and its manifestations. Exploring a range of Middle English literature alongside liturgy, architecture, and material culture, the book explores the ways in which the sanctity of the church was constructed and maintained for the edification of the laity. Drawing on a wide range of contemporary theoretical approaches, the book offers a reading of the church as continually produced and negotiated by the rituals, performances, and practices of its lay communities, who were constantly being asked to attend to its material form, visual decorations, and significance. The meaning of the church was a dominant question in late-medieval religious culture and this book provides an invaluable context for students and academics working on lay religious experience and canonical Middle English texts.

(resistance, toleration) were produced before the proceedings had even been concluded – the first coming from Gloucestershire on 18 March. 53 Sacheverell himself began a progress around the country, ostensibly en route to his new living at Selattyn in Shropshire, his presence generally meeting with a rapturous public reaction. Like the addresses, his tour of counties and boroughs was clearly calculated at influencing the calling of a new Parliament and thereby securing a Tory majority. 54 The addresses tendered to the Crown

in Loyalty, memory and public opinion in England, 1658–​1727
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The integration of local, regional, national and international economies

as much as locally available resources. For example, wool came from Ireland and the Midlands; flax from Ireland and the Baltic; silk from the Orient; cotton from the Levant and the West Indies; iron from Wales, Shropshire and Cheshire; and copper and tin from Cornwall.14 These were generally channelled into the north west through towns, often either Liverpool or Manchester, but also Warrington, Chester, Rochdale, Bolton, Macclesfield and Wigan. Indeed, almost all towns with significant commercial and manufacturing sectors were involved in linking local demand with

in The first industrial region

. Unfortunately, no direct comparison is possible for the Lacy lands in England, Wales or Ireland, because, although accounts exists for different periods of royal custodianship (quite detailed in the case of Ireland),21 the amounts rendered were generally for the farm (which was a set, and not necessarily representative, sum), rather than the issues (which were the actual profits) of the honors. Only one lay grant in England survives for Hugh de Lacy, that of lands in Wootton and Onibury (Shropshire) to William of Wootton, which, 242 lordship in four realms though based on

in Lordship in four realms
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of extravagance, and I fear I have no better excuse to make for it. 46 Another nabob who was keen to acquire property to which he had familial ties was Robert Clive. 47 In the early 1760s, Clive paid off his father’s mortgage on the familial estate of Styche Hall in Shropshire and commissioned Sir William Chambers to build a splendid new

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930

his father’s heir, traces of his early life are difficult to assemble. Hugh’s first datable appearance comes on 25 July 1155, when he appears with the territorial identifier ‘of Colemere’ (a village in north-­western Shropshire) in William fitz Alan’s grant to Haughmond Abbey (Shropshire).2 The two families of Fitz Alan and Lacy maintained a close connection throughout this period, with Hugh’s daughter eventually marrying William’s son (also named William).3 The Lacys also shared a close connection with the Mortimers, and there is evidence of Hugh finding service

in Lordship in four realms