Author: Alison Hulme

This book surveys ‘thrift’ through its moral, religious, ethical, political, spiritual and philosophical expressions, focusing in on key moments such as the early Puritans and postwar rationing, and key characters such as Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Smiles and Henry Thoreau. The relationships between thrift and frugality, mindfulness, sustainability and alternative consumption practices are explained, and connections made between myriad conceptions of thrift and contemporary concerns for how consumer cultures impact scarce resources, wealth distribution and the Anthropocene. Ultimately, the book returns the reader to an understanding of thrift as it was originally used – to ‘thrive’ – and attempts to re-cast thrift in more collective, economically egalitarian terms, reclaiming it as a genuinely resistant practice. Students, scholars and general readers across all disciplines and interest areas will find much of interest in this book, which provides a multi-disciplinary look at a highly topical concept.

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Frugality, de-growth and Voluntary Simplicity
Alison Hulme

92 7 Ecological thrift: frugality, de-​growth and Voluntary Simplicity Thrift as a tool for de-​growth Discourses around frugality and the environment are by no means new, and voices from across academic disciplines call for thrift from a broadly ecological standpoint, and have done for many decades. Several well-​researched and bestselling reports on the threatened state of the global environment saw public awareness grow from the 1970s onwards. Key amongst these was Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring (1962) and the Club of Rome’s Limits to Growth report (1972

in A brief history of thrift
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Susana Onega

chap 3.qxd 2/2/06 2:00 pm Page 108 3 The art of love The publication of Written on the Body in 1992 marked a change from the structural complexity of Sexing the Cherry, with its duplications and intertwining of narrative voices and historical periods, by turning back to the simplicity of the single narrative voice of Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit. However, as in Winterson’s first novel, this simplicity is more apparent than real; in the case of Written on the Body because the gender and physical aspect of the autodiegetic narrator are never made explicit

in Jeanette Winterson
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Rewriting the English lyric landscape
Anne Sweeney

the need to distance himself stylistically as well as morally from the rest, which were, as discussed earlier, politically charged. He had no need to fit himself into the accepted form of pastoral landscape, with its uncomfortable juxtapositions of social anxieties imported from the Court and simple, honest shepherd-songsters. He did not need to adopt the semblance of rustic simplicity to give him moral authority, he was a

in Robert Southwell
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Death, grief and mourning before the Second World War
Lucy Noakes

of the elaborate funerary practices of the period, such as Dickens’ criticism of the Duke of Wellington’s funeral in 1852. By the 1870s, elaborate mourning traditions were being replaced by more modest practices, as ‘good taste’ became associated with simplicity and restraint. Pat Jalland records that by this time, simple funerals had become ‘de rigueur’ for the elite classes, Gladstone’s funeral in 1898 described by an attendee as ‘simple, impressive, dignified, grand, real emotion displayed’.13 As funerals and burials were reformed, simplicity and restraint

in Dying for the nation
Geraldine Cousin

Skriker, Far Away and A Number, all of which are discussed in this chapter, rely on the in-built expectations within these forms of an unambiguous resolution of difficulties, which Churchill is then able to subvert. In The Skriker, she reconfigures fairy stories in order to create her own dramatic parable about the imminence of ecological disaster. Far Away and A Number utilise the apparent simplicities of the whodunnit to explore complex notions of culpability. In A Number, this results in an investigation into the nature of both parental responsibility and human

in Playing for time
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Jonathan Bignell

to theories of visual meaning in Television Studies discourses. It also requires a discussion of the prevalent motif identified by Beckett critics of increasing formal simplicity or minimalism in his theatre, prose and media works. It has been argued that Beckett’s persistence with the unfamiliar and problematic television and film media was a way of moving towards a ‘language’ of pure visual form, through the spatial and abstract qualities of the television image, and its manipulability by technological means (for instance superimposition, exaggeration or paring

in Beckett on screen
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Advice, etiquette and expectation
Emma Robinson-Tomsett

was encouraged when dressing, revealing that the femininity idealized in journey etiquette was that which valued simplicity and restraint rather than showiness. Dressing too elaborately was vulgar, and women would again not be considered lady journeyers if they did. How to Travel warned that j 82 J no nice girl swears If  .  .  .  you are perpetually changing your dress, appearing in new colours every day, and endeavouring to attract attention, you will be regarded as a vulgar woman who has seen nothing of the world, whom it is desirable to avoid, or the walking

in Women, travel and identity
Why modern African economies are dependent on mineral resources
Keith Breckenridge

household roles and expectations (Ally 1994, Harries 1994, Moodie 1994, Hecht 2002). All of these explanations have real explanatory power, but in this chapter I want to draw attention to another feature of mineral resources which distinguishes them from the other assets in the continent’s economy: the simplicity, precision and consistency of property rights in mineral resources. In this chapter, I first consider whether mineral resources are, in fact, very important in the workings of modern African economies, weighing them up against the other, much more popular

in History, historians and development policy
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Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Philip Hammond

civilians associated with groups defined as evil to be ignored, minimised or justified. The disturbing feature of many accounts, including those in the media, which explain post-Cold War conflicts in terms of genocide is that the quest for moral simplicity involves distortion. In Bosnia, the adoption of this framework seriously impeded understanding of the nature of the conflict, apparently deliberately, as

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts