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The connected histories of Darwin and Singapore, 1860s–1930s
Claire Lowrie

So sure as tomorrow follows to-day this magnificent harbour will be the Singapore of Australia. 1 (Alfred Searcy, the Sub-collector of Customs, predicts a bright future for Darwin in 1912) A comparison of colonialism and domestic service in the bustling

in Masters and servants
Simon Soon

Engineering the human soul in 1950s Indonesia and Singapore Simon Soon In 1951 the Chinese artist Luo Gongliu painted Mao Zedong Making a Report on the Rectification in Yan’an for the newly established Museum of the Chinese Revolution.1 The artwork shows the Great Helmsman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) speaking to an attentive crowd of the CCP cadres from a rostrum on a dais located on the left side of the painting. The venue for the occasion is presumably the Lu Xun Academy of Literature and Art in Yan’an. Behind Mao are hung two large portraits, one of

in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution
Fabian Graham

Following on from rituals performed at a privately owned tang-ki temple in Chapter 4 , the ethnographic focus now moves to two linked public temples integrated into a new ‘united temple’ complex. After detailing a form of temple networking unique to Singapore, and in the context of the recently expanding Underworld pantheon, I reproduce a discussion with the case-study temple’s tang-ki concerning the new Underworld God of Wealth, Bao Bei Ya. The analysis of the discussion draws on parallels made by Tua Ya Pek, comparing Bao Bei Ya

in Voices from the Underworld
Cultures of empire in the tropics
Author: Claire Lowrie

Masters and servants explores the politics of colonial mastery and domestic servitude in the neighbouring British tropical colonies of Singapore and Darwin. Like other port cities throughout Southeast Asia, Darwin and Singapore were crossroads where goods, ideas, cultures and people from the surrounding regions mixed and mingled via the steam ships lines. The focus of this book is on how these connections produced a common tropical colonial culture in these sites. A key element of this shared culture was the presence of a multiethnic entourage of domestic servants in colonial homes and a common preference for Chinese ‘houseboys’. Through an exploration of master-servant relationships within British, white Australian and Chinese homes, this book illustrates the centrality of the domestic realm to the colonial project. The colonial home was a contact zone which brought together European colonists, non-white migrants and Indigenous people, most often through the domestic service relationship. Rather than a case of unquestioned mastery and devoted servitude, relationships between masters and servants had the potential not only to affirm but also destabilise the colonial hierarchy. The intimacies, antagonisms and anxieties of the relationships between masters and servants provide critical insights into the dynamics of colonial power with the British empire.

Chinese Hell deity worship in contemporary Singapore and Malaysia
Author: Fabian Graham

This study investigates contemporary Chinese Underworld traditions in Singapore and Malaysia, where the veneration of Hell deities is particularly popular. Highlighting the Taoist and Buddhist cosmologies on which present-day beliefs and practices are based, the book provides unique insights into the lived tradition, taking alterity seriously and interpreting practitioners’ beliefs without bias. First-person dialogues between the author and channelled Underworld deities challenge wider discourses concerning the interrelationships between sociocultural and spiritual worlds, promoting the de-stigmatisation of spirit possession and non-physical phenomena in the academic study of mystical and religious traditions.

Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore. In 2019, Trump and Kim met again in Hanoi, and with ROK President Moon Jae-in at the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ), but these summits and meetings have not resulted in significant, concrete changes to the situation on the Korean peninsula. Moon met with Kim three times in 2018, resulting in increased inter-Korean cooperation including in the areas of sport, management of the DMZ, and transport. In 2019, Seoul channelled US$10 million in funding for humanitarian aid through UN bodies, including US$5.5 million to the World Food

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

Efficiency and Development ’, paper presented at the ISA Global South Caucus Conference 2015 , Singapore , 8–10 January . Olivius , E. ( 2016 ), ‘ Constructing Humanitarian Selves and Refugee Others ’, International Feminist Journal of Politics , 18 : 2 , 270 – 90

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

across Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore ( Koplitz et al. , 2016 ). The excess all-cause mortality due to short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) polluting the air was estimated at 11,880 deaths (95 per cent CI, 6,153–17,270) ( Crippa et al. , 2016 ). Local NGOs and multilateral agencies based in Indonesia responding to people suffering the choking haze had little knowledge, understanding or guidance of how to reduce the impact for the community in need. The second

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

Turnbull , M. ( 2016 ), NRC Final Evaluation Report: South Sudan Emergency Response December 2013 – December 2015 . Integrated Risk Management Associates : Singapore . Morrison-Métois , S. ( 2017 ), Responding to Refugee Crises: Lessons from Evaluations in South Sudan as a Country of Origin September 2017 . OECD/Norad : Paris . Nonviolent Peaceforce . ( 2017 ), Promoting Women’s Role in Peace Building and Gender Based Violence Prevention in South Sudan . Mid-term Evaluation Report October 2017 . Norad . ( 2009 ), Mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Domestic service at the end of Empire
Claire Lowrie

This book has explored the relationship between British colonialism and domestic service in Singapore and Darwin from the 1880s to the 1930s. Darwin was colonised in 1869 with the intention that it would become a bustling port city in the image of Singapore. The British and white Australian residents of the town mimicked the lifestyles of the British in Singapore, donning

in Masters and servants