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Support for Sinn Féin, the Dáil and local IRA units

4 Sinn Féin priests: support for Sinn Féin, the Dáil and local IRA units As Part I of this book has shown, a section of the clergy retained its support for the Irish Parliamentary Party even after the major political transformation that followed the Easter rising. But many priests did what the majority of the lay population did, and changed their allegiance to Sinn Féin. Ó Fiaich has plausibly argued that this change was most striking among a new generation of priests trained at Maynooth in the years during which the Gaelic revival was promoted there by such

in Freedom and the Fifth Commandment

7 Sinn Féin ascendant Blood sacrifices Historians have long since divined the signs and portents encompassed in the events of April and May 1916. It has often been chronicled how the seizure of buildings in Dublin by elements of the Irish Volunteers, the proclamation of an Irish republic, the short war of attrition followed by surrender and execution, led to a seismic shift in Irish political aspirations. What has sometimes been lost amid the heavy symbolism of Pearse’s blood sacrifice and the aura of resurrection surrounding the Easter Rising was the fact that

in Michael Logue and the Catholic Church in Ireland, 1879–1925

9 Memories of Sinn Féin Britain, 1975–85 Susan O’Halloran Then and now In March 2014 the Queen hosted a State banquet at Windsor for the President of Ireland, attended by Martin McGuinness, Sinn Féin’s Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, who later joined the celebrations from a VIP box in the Royal Albert Hall. In May a Sinn Féin candidate topped the European polls in both Dublin and Northern Ireland. Sinn Féin councillors took more votes than any other party in the Northern local elections, and in the South Sinn Féin took control of Dublin. It is hard

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain

6 The Sinn Féin challenge and the birth of the Nationalist Party, 1955–59 When it came to competition for the anti-partitionist vote the political initiative now passed to Sinn Féin which was considerably advantaged by the IAPL’s disunity and organisational fragility.1 Announcing its intention to contest all twelve Westminster constituencies in Northern Ireland at the forthcoming general election in May 1955, 2 Sinn Féin’s boldness and militancy was publicly demonstrated by the nomination of eight IRA prisoners as candidates. All the nominees were serving

in The politics of constitutional nationalism in Northern Ireland, 1932–70

4 Sinn Féin and the life and death of the republican newspaper A community will evolve only when a people control their own communication. Frantz Fanon1 Irish republican newspapers and their roots The tradition of republican newspapers that stretches back to the United Irishmen remains active, despite the rapid spread of the Internet and mobile phones that has impacted on the mainstream media markets. An Phoblacht remains the highest-profile paper in the republican sphere, continuing an almost unbroken run of publication stretching back more than thirty years

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
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The threat of dissident Republicans to peace in Northern Ireland

This book assesses the security threat and political challenges offered by dissident Irish republicanism to the Northern Irish peace process. The 1998 Good Friday Agreement failed to end entirely armed republicanism. The movement of Sinn Féin into constitutional politics in a government of Northern Ireland and the eschewing of militarism that followed, including disbandment of the Provisional IRA (PIRA), the decommissioning of weapons and the supporting of the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) proved too much for a minority of republicans. This book begins by examining Sinn Féin’s evolution from the margins of political existence to becoming mainstream constitutional players. It then assesses how the compromises associated with these changes have been rejected by republican ‘dissidents’.

In order to explore the heterogeneity of contemporary Irish republicanism this book draws upon in-depth interviews and analyses the strategies and tactics of various dissident republican groups. This analysis is used to outline the political and military challenges posed by dissidents to Northern Ireland in a post-Good Friday Agreement context as well as examine the response of the British state towards continuing violence. This discussion places the state response to armed republicanism in Northern Ireland within the broader debate on counter-terrorism after 9/11.

More a disease than a profession
Editor: Kevin Rafter

This book illuminates the history of Irish journalism and enhances the idea of journalism as a scholarly exercise rooted in the historical evolution of the profession. The most curious episodes in the history of Irish journalism was the world-wide fame attained by the Skibbereen Eagle, a small provincial newspaper which declared that it was keeping an eye on the Tsar of Russia. William Howard Russell is probably the best known of the Irish-born correspondents who captured dramatic events from far-flung locations for newspaper readers. The book then examines the careers of four prominent Irish or Irish-American journalists, editors and newspaper proprietors based in Chicago, who struggled to tread the fine line between assimilation and identity. The four Chicago journalists previously mentioned are listed here: Melville E. Stone, John F. Finerty, Margaret Sullivan and Finley Peter Dunne. The book further focuses on Sinn Fein and its influence in altering the vision for Ireland's future. It considers the role of Irish newspapers in the peace process which ended the Irish War of Independence and led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December 1921. The book concentrates on the three most popular Irish daily newspapers at the time, the Freeman's Journal, Irish Independent and The Irish Times. Finally, the book explores the work of Irish journalists abroad and shows how the great political debates about Ireland's place in the United Kingdom served as a backdrop to newspaper publication in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Discipline and morale

The British army was almost unique among the European armies of the Great War in that it did not suffer from a serious breakdown of discipline or collapse of morale. It did, however, inevitably suffer from disciplinary problems. While attention has hitherto focused on the 312 notorious ‘shot at dawn’ cases, many thousands of British soldiers were tried by court martial during the Great War. This book provides a comprehensive study of discipline and morale in the British army during the Great War by using a case study of the Irish regiments. It considers the wartime experience of the Irish regular and Special Reserve battalions, as well as the 10th (Irish), 16th (Irish) and 36th (Ulster) Divisions. The book demonstrates that, although breaches of discipline did occur in the Irish regiments during the period, in most cases, these were of a minor nature. The author suggests that where executions did take place, they were militarily necessary and served the purpose of restoring discipline in failing units, and also shows that there was very little support for the emerging Sinn Fein movement within the Irish regiments.

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The politics of ‘dissident’ Irish republicanism

This book provides an analysis of the politics, ideology and strategy of ‘dissident’ Irish republicans. Based on the largest survey of ‘dissidents’ to date, it offers unprecedented insight into who the ‘dissidents’ are and what they hope to achieve. The ninety interviewees for this book comprise members of ‘dissident’ groups, independents, elected representatives, current prisoners in Maghaberry prison, former senior members of the Provisional Movement and individuals who were active in the Republican Movement prior to the formation of the Provisionals in 1969. This book provides insight into the Provisional–‘dissident’ divide regarding tactics-versus-principles, a debate which strikes to the heart of republicanism. Uniquely, through interviews with key players, this book presents the mainstream Sinn Féin narrative, thus providing an insight into the contested narratives of these two worlds which encompass former comrades. This book locates ‘dissident’ republicanism historically, within the long trajectory of republican struggle, and demonstrates the cyclical nature of key debates within the republican leadership. Personal testimonies of key players demonstrate a nuanced spectrum of opinion on the current armed campaign regarding utility and morality; and republican views are presented on whether or not there should be any republican prisoners at present. Through unique interviews with a spokespersons for the Continuity and REAL IRAs, this book delves into the psyche of those involved in the armed campaign. Key themes explored throughout the book include the drawling of the fault lines, the varied strands of ‘dissidence’, ceasefires and decommissioning, the Good Friday Agreement, policing, ‘IRA policing’, legitimacy and mandates.

The extent of ideological compromise by Sinn Féin and ‘Provisional’ republicanism

3 Creating political space for ‘dissidents’? The extent of ideological compromise by Sinn Féin and ‘Provisional’ republicanism I can understand why dissident republicans bristle at being called ‘dissidents’. After all, it inescapably defines and anchors them as being dissident relative to a much larger, successful republican organisation with which they disagree.1 ‘Dissident’ republicanism has assumed various forms and its heterogeneous nature makes it a difficult entity to define and analyse. Although those who broke away from Provisional Sinn Féin in 1986

in Spoiling the peace?