The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda
town, and Ganda politics were
increasingly dominated by populist, anti-colonial agitators who
undermined the collaboration which had brought Buganda and the British
wealth and regional domination. 44 Yet this period, which brought such
administrative disillusionment, witnessed a flowering of medical and
socialscience research. The war years had interrupted the normal leave
pattern of the Ugandan
From British rule the independent Irish state inherited an effectively denominational system of university education and a complementary set of science and arts institutions. Under independent rule denominational influence increased and resource starvation prevailed until the end of the 1950s. Then, as the formation of human capital, education began to be treated as an input into economic growth and American initiatives stimulated new research activity. These changes played a vital role in the rebalancing of power between the Catholic Church and the state. Social science, where the Catholic Church had been a monopoly provider, supplies a dramatic case study of the interlinking of this power shift with the process of knowledge generation.
( 2013 ), ‘ Duelo en medio de la marcha de víctimas ’, La Silla Vacía , 9 April , https://lasillavacia.com/historia/duelo-en-medio-de-la-marcha-de-victimas-43683 (accessed 15
( 2016 ), ‘ The Notion of Resilience: Trajectories and SocialScience Perspective ’, in
(ed.), New Perspectives on Resilience in Socio-Economic Spheres ( Wiesbaden : Springer VS ), pp. 9 – 24 .
( 2009 ), Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? ( London : Verso ).
Local Understandings of Resilience after Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban City, Philippines
Ara Joy Pacoma
Mortality in the 3.11 Tsunami ’, SocialScience & Medicine , 124 , 66 – 75 .
( 2004 ), ‘ Globalisation and the University: Myths and Realities in an Unequal World ’, Tertiary Education and Management , 10 : 1 , 3 – 25 .
M. E. ,
( 2016 ), ‘ Working Paper III: Building Back Better in the Aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda: Shelter and Resilience ’, Working Paper as part of Poverty Alleviation in the Wake of Typhoon Yolanda , https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5bdc657
Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal is a biannual,
peer-reviewed publication which draws together the different strands of academic
research on the dead body and the production of human remains en masse, whether
in the context of mass violence, genocidal occurrences or environmental
disasters. Inherently interdisciplinary, the journal publishes papers from a
range of academic disciplines within the humanities, social sciences and natural
sciences. Human Remains and Violence invites contributions from scholars working
in a variety of fields and interdisciplinary research is especially welcome.
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
When former Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon encouraged the
humanitarian sector to innovate and create a new paradigm to respond to people
in crisis, the sector answered with an unbridled number of new enterprises and
laboratories to create tools, products and new initiatives. As these emerged, so
did the reality of the changing complexity of communities in need of
humanitarian assistance. The deterioration of the natural physical environment,
along with burgeoning population dynamics and threats to humanitarian workers
themselves, has tipped the balance of complexity beyond the capability of the
system to respond effectively. The humanitarian sector as a whole must urgently
commit to reconciling four critical challenges to reinvent itself and its
effectiveness: reconciling the meaning of innovation; developing an overarching
strategy that addresses the radically changing global context in which
communities require assistance; agreeing on an integrated structure to deliver
innovation; and addressing how innovation is financed. Unless the sector
addresses these four elements, the action and effect of innovation will fail to
realise the transformational change necessary, to respond to communities in
crisis now and in the future.
The display of human remains is a controversial issue in many contemporary societies, with many museums globally removing them from display. However, their place in genocide memorials is also contested. Objections towards the display of remains are based strongly in the social sciences and humanities, predicated on assumptions made regarding the relationship between respect, identification and personhood. As remains are displayed scientifically and anonymously, it is often argued that the personhood of the remains is denied, thereby rendering the person ‘within’ the remains invisible. In this article I argue that the link between identification and personhood is, in some contexts, tenuous at best. Further, in the context of Cambodia, I suggest that such analyses ignore the ways that local communities and Cambodians choose to interact with human remains in their memorials. In such contexts, the display of the remains is central to restoring their personhood and dignity.
, germane to the issues surrounding situations of extreme violence, which recounts a research discussion entitled ‘Biafra, Humanitarian Intervention and History’ held in January 2020 in Manchester by the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute.
The aim of the Paris conference was to present the investigative approaches used by socialscience researchers, humanitarian practitioners, human rights activists and journalists. This issue of the JHA shows that while these groups have different objectives and field practices, there are connections (and in some cases
DRC, a bande dessinée on social mobilisation in
North Kivu 3 and a
non-fiction book on eastern Congolese fighters 4 ;
my contemporaneous work as a ‘media’ journalist for the
Arrêt sur images website 5 for which I inventoried and examined the
practices of journalists who had worked in the DRC 6 ;
socialsciences ( Bayart, 1989 ; Meillassoux, 1975 ). Cadets
sociaux are the opposite of elders or ‘doyens’
(individuals in a position of power because of their rank, regardless of their age).
The word ‘sociaux’ implies that they are young and therefore without
power, but not necessarily because of their age. Their status (and lack of
authority) is defined by their structural location in society: they may be youths,
or old but second-born, or women or foreigners with