(Re)calibrating democratic expectations

propositions. Firstly, borrowing from O’Neill’s discussion of representing nature and future generations, it is argued that advocacy by interest groups for some constituencies simply cannot be pursued through representation style behaviour; it can only be pursued through a form of what is referred to here as ‘solidarity’. Secondly, in turn, it is argued that the legitimacy of solidarity style advocacy by groups does not require (indeed does not benefit from) internal democratic structures. That is, some interest group advocacy is founded on other – non-democratic – forms of

in Groups, representation and democracy

5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 196 8 Geographies of transnational solidarity Solidarity is not a matter of altruism. Solidarity comes from the inability to tolerate the affront to our own integrity of passive or active collaboration in the oppression of others, and from the deep recognition of our most expansive self-interest. From the recognition that, like it or not, our liberation is bound up with that of every other being on the planet, and that politically, spiritually, in our heart of hearts we know anything else is unaffordable

in Global justice networks
The London left and the 1984–85 miners’ strike

7 Networks of solidarity The London left and the 1984–85 miners’ strike Diarmaid Kelliher In March 1984 the majority of British miners walked out on strike against the threat of widespread pit closures. Unlike the 1972 and 1974 coal disputes during the previous Conservative government, this was to be a lengthy and ultimately unsuccessful struggle, ending a year later with no agreement and the National Coal Board’s Ian McGregor promising to teach miners ‘the price of insubordination and insurrection’.1 Although many miners and their families were undoubtedly

in Waiting for the revolution
The Chinese ping-pong team visits Africa in 1962

110 Public diplomacy 6 Friendship is solidarity: the Chinese ping-pong team visits Africa in 1962* Amanda Shuman There is great promise in these [Ghanaian] West African players and one day, soon, they’ll make the table tennis world sit up and applaud. Rong Guotuan, China’s first ping-pong world champion, following the team’s visit to Africa in 1962.1 Many people today are aware of the so-called ‘ping-pong diplomacy’ that helped thaw US–China relations in the early 1970s.2 Few know that the Chinese leadership already had two decades of experience using sport

in Sport and diplomacy

4 Mobilisation, solidarity and network cohesion The fundamental way that we are going to carry on campaigning is by engaging people on the street and talking to people and putting our message over through local media. The internet just adds another medium through which we can get our campaigning message across. (Chris Crean, West Midlands RCC, FoE) Mobilising participation is a crucial function of many environmental groups. They aim to mobilise those already within the movement (those already integrated) to join in with the specific environmental activism of

in Cyberprotest

3 The student movement and the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign Young activists’ attendance at institutions of higher education coincided with the global upheavals that came to be associated with 1968. Against a background of university expansion and reform, their student experiences to some extent reflected official recognition of the importance university institutions were starting to play in the lives of an expanding minority of working- and middle-class sixties youth as environments for social self-making.1 Amidst three years of intellectual discovery, the self

in Young lives on the Left
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

Introduction Drawing its energy from the wave of New Left and counter-cultural radicalism of the 1960s ( Boltanski and Chiapello, 2005 ), an NGO-led direct humanitarian action pushed onto the international stage during the 1970s. The radicalism of this new anti-establishment sans frontières humanitarianism lay in its political challenge to the conventions of Cold War sovereignty. By being there on the ground it sought to hold sovereign power to account, witnessing its excesses while professing a face-to-face humanitarian solidarity with its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

4 Anti-apartheid solidarity in the perspectives and practices of the British far left in the 1970s and 1980s Gavin Brown Communists and members of the New Left were involved in the Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM) from its origins in the late 1950s. In its early days, the AAM welcomed support from individual communists, but was reluctant to be seen to be too close to the Communist Party (CP). Nevertheless, members of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) played a significant role at all levels of the movement throughout its history.1 Fundamental to this was

in Waiting for the revolution
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse

with Libya and Turkey [for the return of migrants and refugees] have caused a domino effect. Other countries are increasingly turning refugees away. And UNHCR doesn’t seem prepared to stand against this. There’s no solidarity. Solidarity and burden-sharing and protection are dead. JF: If this is the case, if we are witnessing the death of the international protection regime that sets the terms for responses to forced displacement, what should be the response of those who support liberal humanitarian institutions? CAS: Probably the only response

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

-year undergraduate students reading International Development Studies and International Relations at the University of Portsmouth. My module on ‘Rethinking Aid and Development’ explores the implications of decolonial engagement with ideas and practices of international solidarity. Students have said: ‘We should be assigned readings like this from year one.’ So I ask the question here: ‘What if we were to start our humanitarian conversation with Sabaratnam?’ Of course, other works have questioned the value of international intervention. But it is necessary to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs