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Abstract only
Philip Hammond

There were a number of overlapping UN and US interventions in Somalia in the early 1990s. The United Nations Mission to Somalia (UNOSOM) began in April 1992 and was succeeded by UNOSOM II, which operated from March 1993 until March 1995. A US airlift of food aid, Operation Provide Relief, was launched in August 1992, and Operation Restore Hope, a UN-authorised military

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Alexander Spencer

2 German narratives of the pirate in Somalia We all love pirates and stories about pirates. When asked many years ago, most of us would have probably preferred to have become a pirate rather than follow the occupation we ended up in. Even Per Steinbrück, the former German finance minister and former leader of the German Social Democrats, according to the Süddeutsche wanted to become a pirate rather than finance minister.1 We used to play with pirate ships or pirate board games or we pretended to be brave, adventurous pirates on our bunk-bed pirate ship. Our

in Romantic narratives in international politics
Wilhelm Vosse

Introduction A fter the preceding two chapters provided an overview of EU–Japan security relations from the European and a Japanese perspective, this chapter will introduce the first example of an operational security cooperation, which was not confined to government-to-government cooperation but involved military-to-military cooperation in the field, namely, in the counter-piracy mission off the coast of Somalia. While neither the Japanese government nor the European Union considered the counter-piracy mission

in Japan's new security partnerships
Cracks in the old consensus
Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen

3 From the Gulf War to Somalia: cracks in the old consensus Prelude: Gulf War, 1991 The end of the Cold War delivered Germany from more than four decades at the world’s geostrategic centre. But German policy makers were not allowed a lengthy respite from world affairs. The crisis sparked by Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 placed the question of the new Germany’s role in international security on the agenda even before the two-plus-four negotiations for German unity had been wrapped up. It caused the two rival schools of security thinking

in Germany, pacifism and peace enforcement
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

influenced humanitarian policy on a global scale – were expected. Having established those broad challenges, we set about developing a model of reflective practice that would help answer them. Early in the process, we made the decision to focus on a single case study (of humanitarian intervention in Somalia since the 1990s) and to focus our activities on a workshop format. This approach, we felt, would concentrate our discussions and make tangible the lessons learnt more

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Writing about Personal Experiences of Humanitarianism
Róisín Read, Tony Redmond, and Gareth Owen

seriously the stories humanitarians tell about themselves and their work. This interview hopes to build on and contribute to this research by talking to two humanitarians who have published memoirs: Professor Tony Redmond OBE and Gareth Owen OBE. Tony Redmond’s book Frontline: Saving Lives in War, Disaster and Disease was published in 2021 by HarperNorth and Gareth Owen’s book When the Music’s Over: Intervention, Aid and Somalia will be published in June 2022 by Repeater Books. They were interviewed by Róisín Read. Róisín Read (RR): Could you briefly introduce

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

several severe complex emergencies (North-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Yemen, Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). 4 Our research from those cases 5 finds that a dominant logic of elite political behaviour is the political marketplace (PM). This applies where transactional politics (the day-to-day use of coercion/violence or material incentives among members of the elite) trumps the functioning of formal rules and institutions. Such transactional

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

analysts reached the same conclusions in a series of studies on humanitarian space ( Collinson and Elhawary, 2012 ) and humanitarian negotiations, particularly in Afghanistan, Sudan and Somalia ( Jackson, 2014 ; Jackson and Giustozzi, 2012 ). In 2014, Larissa Fast published Aid in Danger ( Fast, 2014 ), a timely book reminding humanitarian organisations of their responsibility to work on internal vulnerabilities, such as individual behaviour or organisational lapses. Fast’s main intention was to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

Introduction Public health information available in humanitarian crises is, in general, inadequate and … its application is [often] secondary to reasoning and incentives of a political nature , thus contributing to the recurrent failings of humanitarian action. 1 After a decade in which the threat seemed to recede, famine recurred with a vengeance in Somalia in 2011. Between 2016 and 2020, at least

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

-review-will-make-it-easier-for-families-to-pay-ransoms/ (accessed 28 June 2019) . Frydl , K. J. ( 2006 ), ‘ Kidnapping and State Development in the United States ’, Studies in American Political Development , 20 , 18 – 44 . Kiser , M. ( 2013 ), ‘ How Somali Pirates and Terrorists Made Bank off Two Western Hostages

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs