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A Postcolonial Geography
Author: Richard Philips

The operation of the British model of imperialism was never consistent, seldom coherent, and far from comprehensive. Purity campaigns, controversies about the age of consent, the regulation of prostitution and passage and repeal of contagious diseases laws, as well as a new legislative awareness of homosexuality, were all part of the sexual currency of the late Victorian age. Colonial governments, institutions and companies recognised that in many ways the effective operation of the Empire depended upon sexual arrangements. They devised elaborate systems of sexual governance, but also devoted disproportionate energy to marking and policing the sexual margins. This book not only investigates controversies surrounding prostitution, homosexuality and the age of consent in the British Empire, but also revolutionises people's notions about the importance of sex as a nexus of imperial power relations. The derivative hypothesis, which reads colonial sexuality politics as something England did or gave to its colonies, is illustrated and made explicit by the Indian Spectator, which seemed simply to accept that India should follow English precedent. In 1885, the South Australian parliament passed legislation, similar to England's Criminal Law Amendment Act, which raised the age of consent from 13 to 16 and introduced a series of restrictions and regulations on sexual conduct. Richard Francis Burton's case against the moral universalism and sex between men are discussed. 'Cognitively mapping' sexuality politics, the book has traced connections between people, places and politics, exploring both their dangers and opportunities, which revolve in each case around embroilments in global power.

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Australian activists on the age of consent and prostitution
Richard Philips

the mother country the same year. I argue, however, that the colony did not simply follow England, nor could it have done so, for the successful passage of this legislation depended in both places on high levels of public interest and political momentum. South Australian legislation on social purity was not simply an imperial imposition or an action of colonial deference. When Kirby campaigned for an increase in the age of consent, he did so actively and with some autonomy. In 1885 the South Australian parliament passed

in Sex, politics and empire
Australia and British migration, 1916—1939
Michael Roe

, South Australian Parliament-ary Paper, Report . . . on the Boy Migrant Scheme , 1924. 26 Commonwealth of Australia Parliamentary Papers, Migrants – Medical Examination in England , 2, 1923–24. 27 An early expression of such concerns may be

in Emigrants and empire
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

, reflecting upon these events a year later during the debates over women’s suffrage in the South Australian parliament, one Member argued that at Broken Hill the ‘women got much more excited and acted with more violence than the men did’. 85 In 1909 there is photographic evidence that women were also among the pickets. 86 And they sang. This is not an isolated

in Sounds of liberty