Search results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for :

  • "Spain's American colonies" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Author:

As the British and French empires expanded, constructing new imperial dimensions through growing commerce and the relationships of industrialisation, the bases of Spanish power were being undermined. Nationalism, revolt, the pursuit of forms of decolonisation (often aided by Spain's rivals) became the prime characteristic of Central and South American politics. This book examines the study of natural history in the Spanish empire in the years 1750-1850, explaining how the Spanish authorities collected specimens for the Real Jardín Botanico and the Real Gabinete de Historia Natural. During this period, Spain made strenuous efforts to survey, inventory and exploit the natural productions of her overseas possessions, orchestrating a series of scientific expeditions and cultivating and displaying American fauna and flora in metropolitan gardens and museums. This book assesses the cultural significance of natural history, emphasising the figurative and utilitarian value with which eighteenth-century Spaniards invested natural objects, from globetrotting elephants to three-legged chickens. Attention is also paid to the ambiguous position of Creole (American-born Spanish) naturalists, who were simultaneously anxious to secure European recognition for their work, to celebrate the natural wealth of their homelands. It considers the role of precision instruments, physical suffering and moral probity in the construction of the naturalist's professional identity. The book assesses how indigenous people, women and Creoles measured up to these demanding criteria. Finally, it discusses how the creation, legitimisation and dissemination of scientific knowledge reflected broader questions of imperial power and national identity.

Abstract only
Helen Cowie

This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book considers, accordingly, how location mediated the study of natural history in Spain and its empire. It explores scientific practice in a range of different places, from the metropolitan natural history cabinet and botanical garden to the Andean sierra and the Amazonian jungle, discussing the advantages and constraints offered by different spaces. The book also studies the ambivalent position of Spanish American naturalists in the wider scientific project, highlighting differences between the metropolitan and colonial approaches to natural history. It focuses on the Atlantic to examine the practice of natural history in Spain's American colonies. The book also considers the imperial dynamics of Spain's engagement with natural history, examining how the Spanish authorities collected specimens for the Real Jardín Botanico and the Real Gabinete de Historia Natural.

in Conquering nature in Spain and its empire, 1750–1850
Rory M. Miller
and
Robert G. Greenhill

Utrecht in 1713 gave Britain the exclusive privilege of supplying slaves to seven ports in the Spanish American colonies, and thus opened up direct official trading links. 25 But, in addition, goods flowed indirectly through metropolitan Spain and Portugal to their colonies in the New World. Britain’s colonies in the Caribbean also provided a route for a significant contraband trade, although legitimate

in The empire in one city?
1641 and the Iberian Atlantic
Igor Pérez Tostado

portrays the Irish Catholics as more cruel than the cannibals, ‘O Sun, to behold the inhumane cruelties and beastly usages of these unheard of Cannibals.’82 First in America and then in Ireland, colonists grew accustomed to living under a constant fear of attack, which materialised later into accusations of massacres. After the restoration, the Catholic cleric John Lynch attributed the famous comparison between Ireland and the Spanish American colonies (and implicitly between England and Spain) to the earl of Thomond: ‘Ireland is another India for the English, a more

in Ireland, 1641