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continuity, innovation and renewal
Paul Kennedy

5 The Spanish Socialist WorkersParty: continuity, innovation and renewal Paul Kennedy The Spanish Socialist WorkersParty (Partido Socialista Obrero Español – PSOE) was founded in Madrid in 1879. It was the largest party on the left during the Second Republic (1931–36), and provided the Republic with two prime ministers during the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Largo Caballero (1936–37) and Juan Negrín (1937–39). Brutally repressed by the Franco regime (1939–75), the PSOE almost disappeared as a significant political force within Spain. Nevertheless, under the

in In search of social democracy
Responses to crisis and modernisation

This book considers the underlying causes of the end of social democracy's golden age. It argues that the cross-national trend in social democratic parties since the 1970s has been towards an accommodation with neo-liberalism and a corresponding dilution of traditional social democratic commitments. The book looks at the impact of the change in economic conditions on social democracy in general, before examining the specific cases of Germany, Sweden and Australia. It examines the ideological crisis that engulfed social democracy. The book also looks at the post-1970 development of social policy, its fiscal implications and economic consequences in three European countries. It considers the evolution of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from its re-emergence as a significant political force during the 1970s until the present day under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. The book also examines the evolution of the Swedish model in conjunction with social democratic reformism and the party's relations to the union movement. It explores the latest debate about what the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) stands for. The SPD became the role model for programmatic modernisation for the European centre-left. The book considers how British socialist and social democratic thought from the late nineteenth century to the present has treated the objective of helping people to fulfil their potential, talents and ambitions. It aims to contribute to a broader conversation about the future of social democracy by considering ways in which the political thought of 'third way' social democracy might be radicalised for the twenty-first century.

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Labour migration policy change in Spain
Alex Balch

People’s Party (Partido Popular – PP) in conjunction with the opposition Spanish Socialist WorkersParty (Partido Socialista Obrero Español – PSOE).2 The Madrid declaration demanded three specific actions: first, regularisation for all immigrants who found themselves in an irregular situation; second, equal treatment for immigrants and Spanish nationals, including political rights for residents; and third, a ban on the use of local information on residency for political purposes and respect for the right to privacy and family life. These demands were hardly new – five

in Managing labour migration in Europe
The PSOE after the 2011 general election
Paul Kennedy

10 Back to the drawing board: the PSOE after the 2011 general election Paul Kennedy Introduction When the Spanish Socialist WorkersParty (PSOE) comfortably won the March 2008 general election, gaining a vote even higher than the previous historic peak obtained when the party entered office in 2004, there was ample reason for satisfaction. With Spanish economic growth outpacing the EU average since the mid-1990s, unemployment had been brought down to 8 per cent and the party’s programme for the 2008 general election contained a pledge to create two million new

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis

This book considers the most electorally successful political party in Spain, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) which was in government for two of the three decades since it won office under Felipe González in 1982. Providing rich historical background, the book's main focus is on the period since General Franco's death in 1975 and charts Spain's modernisation under the PSOE, with a particular focus on the role played by European integration in this process. Covering events including the 2011 general election, the book is one of the most up-to-date works available in English and will be of great interest to academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field of Spanish and European studies.

Angela K. Bourne

País Vasco (Popular Party of the Basque Country); PSE-PSOE – Partido Socialists de Euskadi – Partido Socialists Obrero Español (Basque Socialist Party – Spanish Socialist Workers Party); UCD – Unión del Centro Democrático (Union of the Democratic Centre). Regionalist party: UA – Unidad Alavesa (Alavan Unity). Basque politics. Basque institutions promoted Basque language ‘normalisation’ programmes in education, the media and public administration (Lasagabaster and Lazcano 2004; Agirreazkuenaga 2001). These policies helped end the downturn in Basque language use and

in The European Union and the accommodation of Basque difference in Spain
Open Access (free)
John Callaghan
Nina Fishman
Ben Jackson
, and
Martin Mcivor

in Spain and Sweden respectively difficult political and economic constraints have necessitated programmatic and strategic adaptation on the part of the Spanish Socialist WorkersParty (PSOE) and the Swedish Social Democrats (SAP) but that, like the French socialists, the PSOE and SAP have nonetheless succeeded in pursuing a recognisably social democratic course. The PSOE and the SAP, we might also note, have probably been the two most electorally successful left parties of the last thirty years. The verdicts on the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts
Patricia Hogwood

PS Socialist Party (France)/Parti Socialiste PS Socialist Party (Portugal)/Partido Socialista PSC Social Christian Party (Belgium: French-speaking)/Parti Social Chrétien PSD Social Democratic Party (Portugal)/Partido Social Democratico PSI Socialist Party of Italy/Partito Socialista Italiano PSOE Spanish Socialist WorkersParty/Partido Socialista Obrero Español PvdA Labour Party (Netherlands)/Partij van de Arbeid PVV Party of Liberty

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
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Paul Kennedy

Introduction When the Spanish Socialist WorkersParty (Partido Socialista Obrero ­Español – PSOE) lost office in November 2011, obtaining its lowest number of parliamentary seats since democracy had been re-­established in the period after Franco’s death in 1975, it faced an uncertain future. Spain’s most electorally successful political party, the PSOE had won six of the eleven general elections held since 1977, been runner-­up in the remaining five, and had been in government for two of the three decades since the party first entered office in 1982. Moreover

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain
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Duncan McTavish

independence referendum, with the UK and Scottish Party leaders contradicting each other (Corbyn ‘undecided, perhaps’, Leonard ‘no’) within days in late September 2018. This difficulty, it should be noted, is not unknown for parties with a strong presence at state level and trying to reconcile this with substate or regional demands. For example, the left-of-centre Spanish Socialist WorkersParty (PSOE) in Spain, traditionally strong in Catalonia, suffered electorally there when the party backed down and reversed its initial support for a revised Statute of Autonomy in 2010

in Scotland